Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 16

New Open-Source Science Curriculum Begins Nationwide Roll-Out
The first lessons in a

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1

6th grade OpenSciEd

The full sequence is projected to be
out by winter 2022.
Twenty states and D.C. have adopted the NGSS since they were unveiled in 2013. The standards flip the
traditional model of science on its
head: Instead of memorizing facts,
students ask questions about why the
world around them works the way it
does. Through this questioning, students discover the principles of science that explain these phenomena.
For example: the OpenSciEd unit on
sound waves doesn't start by explaining what a sound wave is. Instead, it
asks a question: Why do car windows
vibrate when the stereo is turned up?
NGSS still requires teachers to cover
content: physical science, life science,
earth and space science, and engineering. But lessons are also supposed to
draw connections between these subjects, exploring big ideas about the way
science works. These "crosscutting
concepts" include themes like cause
and effect, systems, and patterns.
Students are also building the skills
that scientists and engineers rely on,
like planning and carrying out investigations and analyzing and interpreting
data. These three dimensions-disciplinary core ideas, crosscutting concepts, and science and engineering
practices-are supposed to be integrated across the curriculum.
"Students are engaged in the practices as they learn the disciplinary core
ideas-and they use those crosscutting
concepts as a lens to really understand
what is happening with that phenomena, or what is happening with that
design problem they're trying to address," said Matt Krehbiel, Achieve's
science director. The requirement that
these three dimensions work together
is partly why materials have been so
hard to develop.

unit on thermal energy
introduce students to
the phenomenon that
will drive instruction
throughout that unit:
Why some cups keep
liquids hot or cold
better than others.
Students then craft
an argument from
evidence and plan an
investigation to test
their hypothesis, both
key components of the
OpenSciEd

Next Generation
Science Standards.

'Paradigm Shift'

Focus on Inquiry
A consortium of creators, led by the
nonprofit curriculum developer BSCS
Science Learning Team and the Next
Generation Science Storylines Project out of Northwestern University,
started work building OpenSciEd
materials in 2017. As part of the development process, OpenSciEd ran field
tests with teachers in 10 states during
the 2018-19 school year.
"There's a lot of companies that
are putting a sticker on their old curriculum that [says] they meet the new
standards," without actually changing
any of the content or philosophy, said
Kris Grymonpre, a 7th and 8th grade
teacher at John W. McCormack Middle School in Boston who participated
in the pilot.
OpenSciEd's lessons feel different,
he said. "I don't ever tell kids the answer ... . It's all about, 'What do you
think?' Let's get the students' ideas
up on the board."
Each OpenSciEd unit begins with
a phenomena that sparks student inquiry, and centers at least one of each
of the crosscutting concepts and science and engineering practices. Life
science, physical science, and earth

exactly what the new standards
want," he said.
OpenSciEd also provided professional development during the pilot-a
step that was critical to teachers being
able to use the materials well, said
Maria Citrin, a 7th grade teacher in
Boston Public Schools.
"I don't know if kids are really going
to get into this," Citrin remembered
thinking on her first day of training
in summer 2018. She wasn't sure that
one phenomenon-how some cups
are better than others at keeping hot
drinks hot and cold drinks cold-
could carry students' interest through
an entire unit on thermal energy.
"The trainer kept saying, 'Trust the
process, you'll see where this is going
to go,' " Citrin said.
Field test teachers completed an initial four-day, in-person PD, with twoday follow-ups for each new unit. The
sessions are meant not only to walk
teachers through individual lessons,
but to develop an understanding of
science as a process of inquiry, said
Katherine McNeill, a professor of science education at Boston College who
led the design of the PD.

"

I don't ever tell
the kids the
answer ... . It's all
about, 'What do
you think?' Let's
get the students'
ideas up on the
board."
KRIS GRYMONPRE
7th and 8th grade teacher,
John W. McCormack
Middle School, Boston

16 | EDUCATION WEEK | September 4, 2019 | www.edweek.org

and space science topics are distributed throughout each of the grade
levels. The curriculum is sequenced
so that content knowledge builds and
links back to previous topics, creating
a "connecting tissue" across units and
years, said James Ryan, OpenSciEd's
executive director.
The initiative currently has funding
to complete the 6th-8th grade curricula, said Ryan, and eventually hopes
to design a full K-12 offering.
Achieve's peer review panel rated all
three units available now as high quality, an "incredibly high bar" to clear,
said Krehbiel. Of the more than 250
units from a variety of OER publishers that the group has reviewed, only
14-including the three OpenSciEd
units-have received this designation.
Designing a curriculum centered on
inquiry that addresses all three NGSS
dimensions fully is quite a challenge.
EdReports, a national nonprofit curriculum reviewer, has evaluated six
full sets of commercial science materials. Only one has met their requirements. (The organization only

evaluates full curricula, and hasn't
reviewed OpenSciEd.)
The major problems? Often, curricula don't spell out how they're integrating or assessing the three dimensions, said Sam Shaw, the director of
science reviews at EdReports. And
while phenomena may be present,
they're not always driving instruction.
"If [the phenomenon is] positioned
solely for engagement at the beginning of the lesson, and kids move on
to activities that aren't related to that
phenomenon, they're never actually
figuring it out or having the opportunity to utilize the three dimensions in
context," he said.
Teachers who participated in the
OpenSciEd field tests noted the materials' coherence. Grymonpre, the
Boston teacher, was impressed by
the throughline of science and engineering practices in the pilot unit
on sound waves: Early in the unit,
students make a model of how they
think a speaker works. They continue
to alter it as they learn, and end the
unit with a working model. "That's

By the end of the training, Citrin
said, she was excited about a question-driven classroom. Her students
were invested, too, once they realized
their curiosity could shape the day's
lesson. "You cannot tell us the answer!" Citrin remembered them saying during one experiment in which
the class investigated why food coloring moved at different speeds through
liquids of different temperatures.
The teacher training instructions
are also open-source, and will be released concurrently with units. Still,
it takes time and planning to implement PD that expects so much change
in teachers' practice, said Rebecca
Morales, the science instructional
specialist in the Broken Arrow district.
When Morales introduced OpenSciEd tools to teachers in the district
who weren't involved in the pilot, she
started by just showing videos of instruction and having conversations.
"This is such a paradigm shift that it
takes eating very small bites of the elephant," she said.
And even with a free curriculum,
there are still financial considerations for implementation, said Mary
Starr, the executive director of the
Michigan Math and Science Leadership Network, the OpenSciEd lead
for the state. Michigan is using grant
and leadership development funds to
build up a group of professional learning experts who can train teachers on
the curriculum. But Starr worries that
nationally, schools and districts might
not use the money saved on curriculum to invest in robust PD.
Paying to print workbooks and assemble materials kits for hands-on
experiements also involves cost, she
said. "There's some amount of shifting of labor [from] purchasing from a
publisher, where you would be able to
purchase a whole set ... and it would
be delivered on your doorstep."


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Education Week - September 4, 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - September 4, 2019

Education Week - September 4, 2019
Quality counts: Grading The States
Open-Source Science Curriculum Makes Debut
Are Schools Required To Be Trauma-Sensitive?
Google Tool Fuels Debate About Teaching Writing
Briefly Stated
In Battle Against Bullies, Schools Target Parents
Teacher-Drivers Keep Wheels On the Bus Going Round
What the Research Says
What Are Threat Assessments And How Do Schools Use Them?
The Challenges Ahead For Advanced Placement
School Leaders: Avoid This Move
Letters to the Editor
EdWeek Top School Jobs
You Skipped a Step’
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - CA1
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - CA2
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - Google Tool Fuels Debate About Teaching Writing
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 2
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - Briefly Stated
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 4
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - In Battle Against Bullies, Schools Target Parents
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - What the Research Says
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - What Are Threat Assessments And How Do Schools Use Them?
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 8
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 9
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 10
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 11
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 12
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 13
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Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 18
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 19
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 20
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 21
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 22
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - The Challenges Ahead For Advanced Placement
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - School Leaders: Avoid This Move
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - Letters to the Editor
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - 26
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - EdWeek Top School Jobs
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - You Skipped a Step’
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - CA3
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - CA4
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - CW1
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - CW2
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - CW3
Education Week - September 4, 2019 - CW4
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