Education Week - August 19, 2015 - (Page 13)

BLOGS Since Michael Brown, Police Have Shot and Killed 53 Teens | INSIDE SCHOOL RESEARCH | Last week marked the oneyear anniversary of the fatal shooting of Michael Brown, a black 18-year-old, by a white police officer in Ferguson, Mo., an incident that spurred months of civil unrest and painful debates about race and justice in America. Since then, 53 other teenagers have also been shot to death by police, according to data I analyzed from two crowdsourced police-watchdog projects, Fatal Encounters and, and checked against updated news. There are numbers and there are narratives in these data, and both should be troubling to educators concerned about young people. Some of those killed were engaged in serious criminal activity. Some were mentally ill. Some were guilty of mischief-shoplifting, trespassing-that under normal circumstances they would get in trouble for but live to look back on. Looking at all their stories together raises questions about how children and adults respond in high-stress situations, and who gets the benefit of the doubt in matters of life and death. Police shootings of teenagers occurred nationwide, with several states seeing more than one in the past 12 months. California and Texas led the way, followed by Illinois, Arizona, Florida, Kansas, Missouri, Ohio, and Tennessee. Slightly more white than black teenagers were killed. Among the white teenagers, nine were reported actively shooting at or attacking the officers or bystanders. Five others allegedly brandished a gun or knife. Five of the black teenagers and one Latino boy also allegedly shot at officers or others on the scene. In nearly two dozen other cases, police reported shooting because the teenager had or reached for a gun or a knife, which was found at the scene (though two of these turned out to be fake). Other shootings involved tense and escalating encounters: scuffles, raids, and instances in which police thought they Print Ad saw a weapon when the person was actually unarmed. More than a dozen of those shot by police had mentalhealth issues and were suggested to be suicidal. While many investigations are ongoing, in completed cases, police so far have been judged to have acted properly in most of these shootings. Yet several cases involved police making fast threat assessments that turned out to be overblown. -SARAH D. SPARKS Two-Thirds of Arizona Students Could Miss Proficiency Mark | CURRICULUM MATTERS | 'Tis the season of test results, and many won't be pretty. We've heard the chant for many months now: New common-core-aligned tests will present more challenging material for students, and the cutoff scores will be set higher, so proficiency rates will drop. Some preliminary results out of Arizona add some bracing reality to that warning. Arizona's case is interesting, too, because it's not one of the states using federally funded common-core tests. It adopted the Common Core State Standards, but instead of PARCC or Smarter Balanced to test mastery of the standards, Arizona hired the American Institutes for Research to design tests in math and English/language arts. Last week, it posted a preview of what proficiency rates will look like on that test if the state board adopts cutoff scores recommended by panels of teachers. According to local media reports, almost two-thirds of Arizona students would fall below the proficiency mark if those cutoff scores were adopted. The state is presumably using the results of the tests' maiden run, and calculating performance distributions based on the proposed cutoff scores it is considering. Districts and schools have a lot riding on those proficiency rates, since accountability ratings depend in part on them. Students have some serious skin in the game too, however; in Arizona, 3rd graders can be made to repeat 3rd grade if their reading scores aren't good enough. -CATHERINE GEWERTZ On 'American Ninja Warrior,' A Familiar Name From Education | EDUCATION & THE MEDIA | I was watching one of my summer guilty-pleasure TV shows last week-"American Ninja Warrior" on NBC-when I came across a name that rang a bell. A school bell, you might say. "Warrior" is a physical competition in which contestants must traverse a challenging obstacle course using balance and strength. During the Pittsburgh city finals, the hosts introduced contestant Sean Darling-Hammond of Washington. Now, Darling-Hammond is a unique surname, I thought. Could he be related to Linda Darling-Hammond, the famous Stanford University emeritus education professor? The answer came soon enough in a short, taped piece setting up Sean Darling-Hammond's attempt. "My parents made it their life's work to try to make the world a better place, my mom through education, my father through business and law," the son says, as a montage of photos of Linda and Allen Darling-Hammond appear. Sean Darling-Hammond attended Harvard as an undergrad and law school at Berkeley. He is now clerking for a federal judge in Washington, he says in the piece. "Using law, I hope that I can expand educational opportunity by ensuring that every child has a constitutional right to a high-quality education," he says. "I want to be known as the giving Ninja," he continues. "If I win, I plan to donate all one million dollars to organizations that expand educational opportunity." Spoiler alert: Sean performed well on the course, but was tripped up by the second-to-last obstacle. Still, his performance was good enough to allow him to advance to the Las Vegas finals. -MARK WALSH Social-Emotional Learning: Systemic Innovation for Improved Outcomes Schools that explicitly teach social-emotional learning (SEL) average an 11 percent increase in academic achievement. National leaders share the research case for SEL, innovative strategies for implementation, effect on Austin ISD schools, and lessons learned. free webinar WED., SEpt. 2, 2015 2 to 3 p.m. Et SocialEmotionalLearning Guests pAuL Cruz, superintendent, Austin Independent School District, texas ShErrIE rAvEN, director of SEL, Austin Independent School District, texas rogEr WEISSbErg, chief knowledge officer, Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning Moderator JoAN CoLE DuffELL, executive director, Committee for Children EDUCATION WEEK | August 19, 2015 | | 13

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - August 19, 2015

Education Week - August 19, 2015
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Rookie Principals’ Group Sheds Light on Early-Career Challenges
Education Week Acquires Television Production Company
Historians See AP U.S. History Revisions as ‘Evenhanded’
Handcuffing of Students Reignites Debate On Use of Restraint
Study Casts Doubt on Impact of Teacher Professional Development
Teachers Use Minecraft to Fuel Creative Ideas, Analytical Thinking
Blogs of the Week
Education Stakes Are High in Ky., La., and Miss. Governor Races
Accountability 3.0: What Will State Systems Look Like?
Budget Deadline Could Put Education Programs at Risk
Blogs of the Week
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
How Do We Help Students With Mental-Health Issues Return to School?
Lessons From Successful School Improvement Grants
2005: In the Wake of Hurricane Katrina
Do We Need Quality Assurance for Teacher Feedback?

Education Week - August 19, 2015