Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 32

COMMENTARY

26
BETSY DEVOS: WHAT
WE CAN LEARN ABOUT
EDUCATION FROM EUROPE

27
n WE AREN'T GOING ANYWHERE

28
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR

n 'WE ARE IN A RACE FOR THE SOUL OF OUR COUNTRY'

How to Prepare for the Future of School Choice
By Mark A. Elgart
& Belle S. Wheelan

T

he battle lines have long
been drawn, but the context in which educators
debate school choice is
likely to shift in the coming years. As schools catch
up with higher education
in using new technologies to reshape how and where we learn,
hopefully we will see fewer skirmishes
depicting opponents of school choice as
"flat Earthers" or proponents as enemies
of public schools. Instead, educators and
policymakers finally will have to address
fundamental challenges in giving every
student an equal opportunity to reach his
or her full potential.
Our educational system has always offered choice for some, in the form of private
schools. Today, some sort of public school
choice has become a reality nationwide. At
the same time as public charter school enrollment has skyrocketed-tripling between
2005 and 2016 to exceed 3 million-traditional districts have relaxed once-rigid attendance boundaries and created magnet
and special-interest schools to better address the needs and aspirations of individual students. In fact, more students attend traditional public magnet schools than
charter schools. While both charter and traditional schools have a long way to go before they meet public education's promise of
providing a high-quality education for every
child, it is hard to argue against broadening
the opportunities available to students, particularly those who have traditionally been
underserved by public schools and unable to
access private schools.
At the same time, research has consistently shown that school choice-whether
through private school vouchers or lotteries
for public charter schools and specialized
district schools-still disproportionately
benefits better-off students. Where students
live still largely determines their options,
given the cost and time of transportation,
policies that bar cross-district choice, financial constraints, and barriers that prevent
parents from learning about the options
available to their families.
However, the current school choice debate over access and equity fundamentally
misses where choice is headed.
We believe that in the not-so-distant future, choice will not primarily be focused
on families and students selecting the
particular school that best fits their needs.
Instead, parents and students will create
a customized educational experience from
a menu of options that ultimately will become granular down to the course level. A
high school student, for example, might be
able to enroll and participate in sports or
extracurricular activities at the neighborhood public school, yet travel to a nearby
magnet or charter school to take advanced
math or science classes-all while taking

"

The conversation
about school
choice soon will
shift from
buildings to
programs."

Michael Glenwood for Education Week

online foreign language courses or completing college-level coursework with students
from around the country.
This approach, while a dramatic shift
from how schools are run today, represents
a powerful way to meet the imperative of
personalizing education for each student.
It is already increasingly common in higher
education, where consortia collaborate on
blended learning offerings and students
patch together courses and competencies
across a number of providers. And in K-12,
the idea that students are not anchored in
one school setting is becoming a reality in
both affluent suburban school systems and
progressive urban districts that offer partday programs that allow students to take
courses in multiple schools.
The proliferation of online learning models soon will extend these options to rural
areas, where school choice has been constrained by physical distance. In short, the
conversation about school choice soon will
shift from buildings to programs-and more
often than not, multiple programs for each
student.

32 | EDUCATION WEEK | July 18, 2018 | www.edweek.org/go/commentary

This shift is being driven not by policy or
politics, but by improvements in technology and by the desires of large numbers of
parents. It will require an equal shift in the
mindset of school leaders and policymakers
to ensure that these new opportunities are
available to all students, particularly those
who need it the most. Among the issues
these leaders will have to confront:
* Eliminating roadblocks to physical school choice. Funding for choice programs must include viable transportation
options for students and foster cross-sector
collaboration with regional transit agencies and paratransit options, which supplement public transportation for individuals
with disabilities. Policymakers also must
continue efforts to eliminate barriers that
prevent students from attending classes in
schools in an adjoining city or county that
better fit their needs.
* Managing student records. If students take courses from a range of schools
and providers, the question of who manages the credentials will become critical.
This issue has already complicated efforts

in postsecondary education to better manage stackable credentials-a sequence of
certificates, certifications, licenses, badges,
apprenticeships, and other credentials that
can be accumulated over time and move
an individual along a career pathway or
up a career ladder. New efforts, supported
by the Lumina Foundation and others, are
working to connect different kinds of credentials that are likely to reshape how employers hire and how colleges recognize and
reward students in higher education. The
demand for these approaches will intensify
as competency-based education and microcredentialing proliferate.
Ultimately, we believe each student in
both K-12 and higher education will have
his or her own "digital backpack" that contains all information about the coursework,
credentials, and innovative educational experiences he or she has completed. Policymakers will have to work with technology
providers to create an environment where
the need for the free exchange of information among schools and providers is balanced with concerns about student privacy.
* Improving parent access to information. Even in cities with a variety of
options, parents say that they lack quality
data to make good decisions. Ensuring that
all parents have access to accurate, unbiased, and easily understandable information about educational options will only
become more important as parents look
beyond schools to nontraditional providers and technology-based options for their
children.
As education offerings and their providers
become differentiated moving forward, it
will be even more difficult to make applesto-apples comparisons of quality, making
it all the more important that all parents
have common-sense, plain-English explanations of each offering. Accreditation may ultimately provide an assurance of a baseline
of quality that can guide parents as they
weigh disparate options that best fit their
child's individual needs.
This transition will be challenging and
complex, but parent and student demand is
already driving these shifts, requiring policymakers, educators, and parents alike to
advocate that all students will have access
to the broadening menu of options that can
ensure that their education will be the best
possible fit for their needs.
Can our evolving educational ecosystem
provide this rich spectrum of choices on its
own? If not, how can policymakers ensure
they are available to all students? That is
the question that will shape the future of
school choice. n
MARK A. ELGART is the president and chief
executive officer for AdvancED/Measured Progress,
a provider of continuous improvement and
accreditation services. BELLE S. WHEELAN is
president of the Southern Association of Colleges
and Schools Commission on Colleges, the
recognized regional accrediting body for degreegranting higher education institutions in
11 U.S. Southern states.


http://www.edweek.org/go/commentary

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - July 18, 2018

Conservative Groups Push Teachers To Drop Their Unions
Our Students Don’t Get Enough Civics, Principals Say
Next Up in Teacher Activism: Run for State Office
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Alexa Moves Into Class, Raising Alarm Bells
In K-12, 20 Percent of Staff Say #MeToo
Report Roundup
News in Brief
Right-to-Read Lawsuits Press On, Despite Court Setback
Educating Migrant Students in Shelters
Gates Teacher-Effectiveness Program Shows No Payoff
After Janus, Defiant Union Looks Ahead
Shock Waves for Unions After Stinging Defeat In Janus Case
Volunteering Rates Dropped Among Young Americans
Trump Rescinds Obama-Era Guidance On Diversity at Schools
Trump Team Set to Revisit ‘Voc Rehab’ Regulations
U.S. Supreme Court and Schools: 2017-18
Kennedy’s K-12 Legacy a Deep One
Pick for U.S. Supreme Court Has Light Record Of Education Rulings
Inside a Merger Plan for Ed., Labor Depts.
Education Action in Congress: A Midsummer Roundup
Betsy DeVos: What We Can Learn About Education From Europe
Randi Weingarten: ‘We Are in a Race for The Soul of Our Country’
Lily Eskelsen García: We Aren’t Going Anywhere
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Mark A. Elgart & Belle S. Wheelan: How to Prepare for the Future of School Choice
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - In K-12, 20 Percent of Staff Say #MeToo
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 2
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 3
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - News in Brief
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 5
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Right-to-Read Lawsuits Press On, Despite Court Setback
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 7
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Educating Migrant Students in Shelters
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Gates Teacher-Effectiveness Program Shows No Payoff
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Shock Waves for Unions After Stinging Defeat In Janus Case
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 11
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Volunteering Rates Dropped Among Young Americans
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 13
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 14
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 15
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 16
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 17
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 18
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Trump Team Set to Revisit ‘Voc Rehab’ Regulations
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Kennedy’s K-12 Legacy a Deep One
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Pick for U.S. Supreme Court Has Light Record Of Education Rulings
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Inside a Merger Plan for Ed., Labor Depts.
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Education Action in Congress: A Midsummer Roundup
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 24
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 25
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Betsy DeVos: What We Can Learn About Education From Europe
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Lily Eskelsen García: We Aren’t Going Anywhere
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Letters
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 29
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 31
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Mark A. Elgart & Belle S. Wheelan: How to Prepare for the Future of School Choice
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - CW1
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - CW2
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - CW3
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - CW4
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