Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 22

Inside a Merger Plan
For Ed., Labor Depts.
Debates aside, what would go where?
President Donald Trump's proposal to scrap the U.S. Department
of Education and merge it with the Department of Labor reflects the
administration's priority on workforce readiness and career development. It is likely to require a heavy lift on Capitol Hill, if past proposals
are any guide.
The creation of a Department of Education and the Workforce, which
the administration proposed June 21, aims to help the nation's schools
catch up to counterparts in other countries that handle both issues
in one agency, including some that U.S. Secretary of Education Betsy
DeVos visited on a recent swing through Europe.
"I saw such approaches during my first international trip as the U.S.
secretary of education to schools in Switzerland, the Netherlands, and
the United Kingdom," DeVos wrote in an Education Week commentary
that appears in this issue. "Each country takes a holistic approach to
education to prepare students for career and life success."
But congressional Democrats overwhelmingly panned the proposal,
which would almost certainly need their votes to pass. Republicans
said the idea is worthy of consideration but haven't introduced legislation to make it a reality.
Attempts to get rid of the Education Department, or to mesh it with
another agency, go back decades. In 1981, the Reagan administration
tried to bust the department down to a subcabinet-level agency, to no
avail. And former Rep. Steve Gunderson, R-Wis., pitched a similar plan
back in 1995. That plan also failed to gain traction.
Educators and advocates are highly skeptical of the latest proposal.
One local superintendent worried about the message it sends.
"I continue to be fearful that by burying the [Education Department]
in another agency, the message is basically, 'You can all go home,' " said
Eugene Schmidt, the superintendent of the Farmington Municipal
Schools district in New Mexico, referring to educators.
The two national teachers' unions; AASA, the School Superintendents
Association; and Educators for Excellence have all blasted the plan as
unnecessary at best, and an assault on students' rights at worst.
Elizabeth Mann Levesque, a fellow at the Brown Center on Education at the Brookings Institution, worried a new and broader agency
would have all the same mandates and responsibilities of the agencies
it replaced-with potentially fewer staff members and resources to
carry out its mission.
"It could mean fewer people doing the same amount of work, which
isn't necessarily a good thing from an implementation standpoint, for
students and parents who rely on the federal government to enforce
laws which are designed for their benefit," she said.
And other educators worried the move sends a message that
education is only about preparing students for the workforce, not
enrichment.
Meanwhile, some conservatives aren't sure the proposal would actually lead to a reduced federal footprint.
While she believes the plan is well-intentioned, Lindsey Burke of
the conservative Heritage Foundation says she is concerned that the
plan could actually lead to Washington policymakers trying to exert
more and not less influence over schools, in the name of helping the
labor market.
"I'm skeptical that merging Labor and ED will result in downsizing,"
said Burke, the director of the Center for Education Policy at the think
tank. "It just seems like the Department of [Education], plus all this
labor stuff now."

Getty

By Alyson Klein

INSTITUTE OF EDUCATION SCIENCES
What it does: IES is the department's research and statistical
arm. The National Center for Educational Statistics, which
collects key facts about schools nationwide, is housed in IES. The
office is also charged with administering the National Assessment
of Educational Progress.
Who's in charge: Mark Schneider, a Trump appointee, is the
director of IES.
What would happen in a reorganization: Under Trump's proposal,
the office's duties would be moved to a new Research/Evaluation/
Administration office, which would also include programs from
the former Labor Department.

OFFICE FOR CIVIL RIGHTS
What it does: OCR's mission is to "ensure equal access to education
and to promote educational excellence through vigorous enforcement
of civil rights," according to its website. The office is charged with
enforcing statues including the Civil Rights Act and the Americans
with Disabilities Act. Anyone wanting the office to look into a particular
violation can file a claim, which will be investigated. OCR may direct the
school or college to take certain steps to remedy the problem.
Who's in charge: Ken Marcus, a Trump appointee, is the assistant
secretary for civil rights.
What would happen under a reorganization: Under Trump's
proposal, the office would move to a new Enforcement subagency,
along with worker-protection agencies from the former Labor
Department.

OFFICE OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION
What it does: This office oversees core K-12 programs. It is made
up of eight smaller offices that deal with academic improvement,
early learning, Impact Aid, Indian education, migrant education,
the Safe and Healthy Students program, School Support and Rural
Programs, and an office of state support. Key programs include
Title I grants to help educate disadvantaged students and Title II
grants aimed at improving teacher quality.
Who's in charge: Frank Brogan, a Trump appointee, is the
assistant secretary for elementary and secondary education.
What would happen in a reorganization: Trump's plan to merge
the Education and Labor departments calls for the creation of a
K-12 subagency that would appear to have a similar role to the
office of elementary and secondary education. Separately, DeVos'
own reorganization plan would remake the current office, creating
three new offices instead of the eight in place now, and would focus
on administration, grants management, and "effective practices."

Broad Scope

OFFICE OF PLANNING, EVALUATION, AND POLICY DEVELOPMENT

The Education Department opened in 1980 and was intended to give
education-both K-12 and postsecondary-Cabinet-level stature, alongside the Pentagon or the Department of the Treasury. The Education
Department, which has roughly 4,000 employees and a budget of about
$70 billion, has been described by some critics as "the world's biggest
bank." That's because one of its primary functions is overseeing student
loans and grants. Those grants can be targeted for K-12 or higher education, and go to states, districts, schools, or even directly to students.
The department also has a research arm, the Institute for Education
Sciences, and an office that's charged with making sure schools and
colleges respect students' civil rights, the office for civil rights. And the
education secretary has a national bully pulpit to shine a spotlight on
the administration's policy prescriptions for K-12 and higher education.
Even before Trump's plan was announced, DeVos and her team had
been working behind the scenes on their own plan to reorganize the
department.
So what the most pivotal offices in the agency for educators? And
how would they change under Trump and DeVos' proposals?

What it does: This is office is essentially "wonk central." It
helps advise the secretary on policy development, performance
measurement and evaluation, and budget processes and proposals.
Who's in charge: For now, Frank Brogan, the assistant secretary
of elementary and secondary education, is overseeing this office.
Jim Blew, a Trump nominee and a former director of Student
Success California, a state-level advocacy organization, is
expected to be confirmed by the Senate soon.
What would happen in a reorganization: Under DeVos' own
reorganization plan, some of the responsibilities of this office
would be shifted to a new finance and operations office.

22 | EDUCATION WEEK | July 18, 2018 | www.edweek.org

OFFICE OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE ACQUISITION
What it does: The office administers grant programs to support
the teaching of English-language learners, invests in research
and evaluation studies to help boost achievement of ELLs, and
disseminates information about policy, practice, and research for ELLs.

Who's in charge: José Viana, a Trump appointee, is the assistant
deputy secretary and director of the Office of English Language
Acquisition.
What would happen in a reorganization: Under Trump's
reorganization plan, this office would move into the K-12
subagency. DeVos' own reorganization plan calls for potentially
eliminating it and absorbing it into the officer of elementary and
secondary education.

FEDERAL FINANCIAL AID OFFICE
What it does: This office administers need-based financial aid
for students in postsecondary education as well as grants, direct
loans, and work-study, for both undergraduate and graduate
students.
Who's in charge: Jim Manning, a Trump appointee, is the chief
operating officer for federal financial aid.
What would happen in a reorganization: Under Trump's
reorganization plan, the office would become part of a new
subagency focused on research, evaluation, and administration.

OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES
What it does: The office works to improve outcomes for students
in special education and adults with disabilities. Among other
programs, it administers state grants for special education under
the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.
Who's in charge: Johnny Collett, a Trump appointee, is the
assistant secretary for the office of special education and
rehabilitative services.
What would happen in a reorganization: Under Trump's
reorganization plan, the office would become part of the new K-12
subagency.

OFFICE OF CAREER, TECHNICAL, AND ADULT EDUCATION
What it does: The office administers and coordinates programs
related to adult education and literacy, career and technical
education, and community colleges.
Who's in charge: Michael Wooten, the deputy assistant secretary
for community colleges, is the acting assistant secretary for this
office. Scott Stump, a former assistant provost of career and
technical education with the Colorado Community College System,
has been nominated to fill the role permanently.
What would happen in a reorganization: Under Trump's
reorganization plan, the office would become part of a new
subagency focused on the American Workforce and Higher
Education Administration. Separately, DeVos has proposed
merging the office of postsecondary education with the office
of career, technical, and adult education to create an office of
postsecondary and lifelong learning.

OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION
What it does: The office administers grant programs aimed at
improving the academic quality, management, and fiscal stability
of colleges, as well as programs to help disadvantaged students
become college-ready, such as TRIO and Gaining Early Awareness
and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs, or GEAR UP.
Who's in charge: Kathleen Smith, a senior adviser to the secretary,
is the acting assistant secretary for postsecondary education.
What would happen in a reorganization: Under Trump's
reorganization plan, the office would become part of a new
subagency called the American Workforce and Higher Education
Administration. Separately, DeVos has proposed merging
the current postsecondary education office with the office of
career, technical, and adult education to create an office of
postsecondary and lifelong learning.


http://www.edweek.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - July 18, 2018

Conservative Groups Push Teachers To Drop Their Unions
Our Students Don’t Get Enough Civics, Principals Say
Next Up in Teacher Activism: Run for State Office
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Alexa Moves Into Class, Raising Alarm Bells
In K-12, 20 Percent of Staff Say #MeToo
Report Roundup
News in Brief
Right-to-Read Lawsuits Press On, Despite Court Setback
Educating Migrant Students in Shelters
Gates Teacher-Effectiveness Program Shows No Payoff
After Janus, Defiant Union Looks Ahead
Shock Waves for Unions After Stinging Defeat In Janus Case
Volunteering Rates Dropped Among Young Americans
Trump Rescinds Obama-Era Guidance On Diversity at Schools
Trump Team Set to Revisit ‘Voc Rehab’ Regulations
U.S. Supreme Court and Schools: 2017-18
Kennedy’s K-12 Legacy a Deep One
Pick for U.S. Supreme Court Has Light Record Of Education Rulings
Inside a Merger Plan for Ed., Labor Depts.
Education Action in Congress: A Midsummer Roundup
Betsy DeVos: What We Can Learn About Education From Europe
Randi Weingarten: ‘We Are in a Race for The Soul of Our Country’
Lily Eskelsen García: We Aren’t Going Anywhere
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Mark A. Elgart & Belle S. Wheelan: How to Prepare for the Future of School Choice
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - In K-12, 20 Percent of Staff Say #MeToo
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 2
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 3
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - News in Brief
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 5
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Right-to-Read Lawsuits Press On, Despite Court Setback
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 7
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Educating Migrant Students in Shelters
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Gates Teacher-Effectiveness Program Shows No Payoff
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Shock Waves for Unions After Stinging Defeat In Janus Case
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 11
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Volunteering Rates Dropped Among Young Americans
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 13
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 14
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 15
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 16
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 17
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 18
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Trump Team Set to Revisit ‘Voc Rehab’ Regulations
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Kennedy’s K-12 Legacy a Deep One
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Pick for U.S. Supreme Court Has Light Record Of Education Rulings
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Inside a Merger Plan for Ed., Labor Depts.
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Education Action in Congress: A Midsummer Roundup
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 24
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 25
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Betsy DeVos: What We Can Learn About Education From Europe
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Lily Eskelsen García: We Aren’t Going Anywhere
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Letters
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 29
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 31
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Mark A. Elgart & Belle S. Wheelan: How to Prepare for the Future of School Choice
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - CW1
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - CW2
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - CW3
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - CW4
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