Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 18

DIGITAL DIRECTIONS > TRACKING NEWS AND IDEAS IN EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY
www.digitaldirections.org

Some Say 'Smart Speakers' Can Support Teaching
CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1

digital voice assistants are generally enthusiastic.
"I absolutely loved using it," said
Erin Ermis, a 5th grade teacher at
Spring Road Elementary School
in Neenah, Wis., one of several
educators who shared their experiences with Alexa-powered devices
at the annual conference of the
International Society for Technology in Education, held last month
in Chicago.
"She was like another person in
our class," Ermis said.

'Can't Teach a Class'
More than 1 in 10 American consumers now own an Amazon Echo,
and 4 percent own a Google Home,
according to a recent report from
NPR and Edison Research.
In the case of Amazon's offerings, making extended use of the
devices typically requires using
third-party "skills"-essentially
apps created by developers to
allow the Echo to perform a wide
range of functions.
So far, the types of classroom
skills educators describe using are
mostly rudimentary.
Ermis, for example, said she used
her Echo Dot to set classroom reminders, so particular students
would know when it was time for
them to leave for band practice or
take their daily medication.
She also used the device for
classroom games, such as 20
Questions, and for whole-class
practice with math skills such as
multiplication.
Occasionally, Ermis said, she
would also enlist Alexa's help in
small-group instruction. One example: performing the same role as
parent volunteers who used to come

into the class to help with spelling
practice and tests.
"She certainly can't teach a class
or a replace a person," Ermis said
of Amazon's digital voice system.
"But it was nice to know that
those kids were on task, working
on something I wanted them to
be working on for those 10 or 15
minutes."
In his work with South Dakota's
3,200-student Brookings school district, also presented at ISTE, South
Dakota State University assistant
education professor Patrick Hales
found similar patterns.
Eight of Hales' graduate students-all of whom were teach-

Spelling help, games, and classroom-management activities were
the most common uses by the
teachers he worked with, Hales
said. Some of their students found
Alexa fun and engaging, others
unhelpful or distracting. Children with speech difficulties were
particularly likely to get frustrated with the device, which
often had trouble understanding
their questions. Noisy classroom
environments and long-winded
answers from Alexa were common
challenges.
Hales said there was little evidence of the type of higher-order
teaching and learning he had hoped
to see, such as helping students
devise, refine, and ask better questions.
One of the most promising uses,
he said, was in a high school German class, where the teacher used
the device to provide students with
a "proxy native speaker" with whom
they could practice both speaking
and listening to a language they
were just learning.
Alexa-enabled devices and other
smart speakers are "not necessarily
a transformational tool," Hales said,
and some of the third-party skills
"are kind of clunky."
"I don't know that the Echo
will be the end-all-be-all tool,
but I do think voice-assistive
technology of some kind will
eventually be an important
part of what some teachers
do," he said.

"

I do think voiceassistive technology
of some kind will
eventually be an
important part
of what some
teachers do."
PATRICK HALES
Assistant education professor,
South Dakota State University

ers, in grades ranging from
kindergarten to high school-
voluntarily tested Amazon Echo
devices in their classrooms. They
also went through a structured
process of documenting and reflecting on the implementation
process, including via interviews
with their students.

Privacy Concerns

DIGITAL VOICE ASSISTANTS
IN THE CLASSROOM
Does the instructional value outweigh the privacy risks?

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18 | EDUCATION WEEK | July 18, 2018 | www.edweek.org

April 27,
35, No. 29 *

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*	 "These products are not meant
for use in the K-12 classroom,"
said Linnette Attai, the founder of
PlayWell LLC, a privacy-consulting
group that works with education
and other groups. "One day we may
have similar products that can be
used in schools, likely from these
very companies. We're not there
yet. Not every new piece of tech
is meant for young students."

developer page says. "Whether you
are a student, professor, IT administrator, or ed-tech professional,
Alexa can help you reimagine your
world."
There are also signs of an
education-focused third-party
ecosystem starting to develop
around the technology. The startup
company ClassAlexa, for example,
had an active presence at ISTE,
running giveaways for Echo devices.
Among the skills for educators
that ClassAlexa advertises on its
website are:
* "Brain breaks," featuring audio
of Alexa leading students through a
stretching activity;
* Math and English/language arts
review questions;
* Countdowns and timers; and
* "Social-emotional support,"
with audio of Alexa saying, "If
Court Sides
you're feeling angry, frustrated, or
With Student mad, then you are in the red. Let
IX
On Title
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Could Affect
Federal Decision
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School Transgen
place with me."
As such tools and teaching strategies gain visibility, they are likely
to come under greater scrutiny.
The ACLU and PlayWell, LLC are
among the groups concerned about
the privacy implications of bringing
into the classroom what technologist Gillmor described as "a complex computer, with microphones
and potentially other sensors, that
sal is connected to the internet and deVergara Rever

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*	 Among the few higher-order
uses reported by educators is
helping older students practice
speaking and listening to a second
language they are learning.

Hackable Systems

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Full-color and black-and-white
reprints of
articles and blog posts
are available. Each customdesigned reprint is formatted
with our
logo and printed onto quality
8½ x 11 paper!

*	 Many privacy experts say K-12
educators may be jumping the
gun by bringing these devices
into the classroom before
they've been properly vetted.

signed specifically with the goal
of sending a lot of information
to the device vendor."

Not surprisingly, Amazon appears
to have a more ambitious vision for
its technology.
"Voice-user interfaces such as
Alexa can transform education,"
the company's Alexa in Education

1/5-PAGE HORIZONTAL

*	 To date, teachers are mostly using
devices such as the Amazon
Echo in rudimentary ways, such
as setting classroom timers and
helping with spelling practice.

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K - 1 2 e d u c a t o r s,
administrators, and
policymakers should
be mindful of a wide
range of potential harms
to students, Gillmor said.
Both Amazon and Google have
a basic business model of collecting data on users to build profiles
on them and target them with advertisements, he said.
The systems are hackable, Gillmor said, and there have been documented malfunctions, including
a recent report about an Amazon
Echo improperly sending recordings
of a Portland, Ore., couple's conversations to one of their friends.
And then there's the potential
that law enforcement and other
government agencies could access
recordings and other information
generated by the devices and stored
by their parent companies.
Imagine, Gillmor said, an immigrant student whose parents are
undocumented and subject to potential deportation. How might that
child feel knowing that everything
he or she says in the classroom is
being recorded and stored on thirdparty servers that the school might
have little control over?
"When you make decisions about
using these tools, you're making
them on behalf of everyone in the
room," Gillmor said by way of advice to K-12 leaders. "Think about
your most vulnerable, most marginalized students and the impact
these kinds of surveillance technologies can have on them and
their families."


http://www.digitaldirections.org http://www.edweek.org http://www.edweek.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - July 18, 2018

Conservative Groups Push Teachers To Drop Their Unions
Our Students Don’t Get Enough Civics, Principals Say
Next Up in Teacher Activism: Run for State Office
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Alexa Moves Into Class, Raising Alarm Bells
In K-12, 20 Percent of Staff Say #MeToo
Report Roundup
News in Brief
Right-to-Read Lawsuits Press On, Despite Court Setback
Educating Migrant Students in Shelters
Gates Teacher-Effectiveness Program Shows No Payoff
After Janus, Defiant Union Looks Ahead
Shock Waves for Unions After Stinging Defeat In Janus Case
Volunteering Rates Dropped Among Young Americans
Trump Rescinds Obama-Era Guidance On Diversity at Schools
Trump Team Set to Revisit ‘Voc Rehab’ Regulations
U.S. Supreme Court and Schools: 2017-18
Kennedy’s K-12 Legacy a Deep One
Pick for U.S. Supreme Court Has Light Record Of Education Rulings
Inside a Merger Plan for Ed., Labor Depts.
Education Action in Congress: A Midsummer Roundup
Betsy DeVos: What We Can Learn About Education From Europe
Randi Weingarten: ‘We Are in a Race for The Soul of Our Country’
Lily Eskelsen García: We Aren’t Going Anywhere
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Mark A. Elgart & Belle S. Wheelan: How to Prepare for the Future of School Choice
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - In K-12, 20 Percent of Staff Say #MeToo
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 2
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 3
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - News in Brief
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 5
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Right-to-Read Lawsuits Press On, Despite Court Setback
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 7
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Educating Migrant Students in Shelters
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Gates Teacher-Effectiveness Program Shows No Payoff
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Shock Waves for Unions After Stinging Defeat In Janus Case
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 11
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Volunteering Rates Dropped Among Young Americans
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 13
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 14
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 15
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 16
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 17
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 18
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Trump Team Set to Revisit ‘Voc Rehab’ Regulations
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Kennedy’s K-12 Legacy a Deep One
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Pick for U.S. Supreme Court Has Light Record Of Education Rulings
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Inside a Merger Plan for Ed., Labor Depts.
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Education Action in Congress: A Midsummer Roundup
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 24
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 25
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Betsy DeVos: What We Can Learn About Education From Europe
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Lily Eskelsen García: We Aren’t Going Anywhere
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Letters
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 29
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 31
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Mark A. Elgart & Belle S. Wheelan: How to Prepare for the Future of School Choice
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - CW1
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - CW2
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - CW3
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - CW4
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