Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 13

Fla., public schools, agreed. "I think there's a
straight correlation between civic education
and volunteering," Viana said. "Meaningful
civic education should have that approach
where you tell the students, 'This is how your
government works; this is what happens in a
community; what are you going to do about
it?' However, when you tell a child, 'Listen, this
is a mandate, you have to do this to graduate,'
I don't know how well that works."
Volunteering can be a more substantive part
of civics education, she and other experts say, if
teachers tie service opportunities into broader
discussions of social problems and how students can solve them. In Miami-Dade, 20 secondary schools participate in Project Citizen,
an initiative by the Center on Civics Education
in which students research a specific problem
in their community, identify possible solutions,
and work to change local or state laws.
"You have to teach content, how the government works," she said, "but as a civics teacher,
I also felt it was my duty to teach students the
ways they can be active in their community,
where they can actively put what they learn
into practice."

Bridging Generations
Tying volunteering to content can also help
schools find time for more service activities,
Bloom noted. In Minnesota, civics competes
with a wide array of history and economics
courses in the high school social studies curriculum.
"When we talk about volunteering, I really
want to stress that it's everybody's responsibility in a school to have respect and care about
classmates and the community and to see the

DOING GOOD:
RATES BY STATE
While 29 percent of high
school students across
the country spend time
volunteering or donating
to charities, the rates vary
dramatically among states.
Maine tops the scale, with
a high school volunteer rate
of 44 percent. In Louisiana,
the state with the lowest
rate, just under 14 percent
of students volunteered in
2015.

Students are
less engaged

NH ME
VT

ND
MN

OR
ID

NY
MI
PA

IA

NE

NV

IL

UT

CO

CA
AZ

WI

SD

WY

opportunities to help out. That's not limited to
civics," Bloom said. "But I'm always looking for
what's the connection to what we already have
to do in our very limited amount of time."
The Do Good study also suggests schools may
benefit from more intergenerational volunteering
activities.
Parenting-age adults, those between 35 to 54,
have seen an even sharper decline in volunteer-

48

1

MT

KS
OK

NM

OH

IN

MO

WV
KY

VA

MA
RI
CT
NJ
DE
MD
DC

NC

TN
AR

SC
MS

TX

AL

GA

n Top 10 States
n 11-20

LA

n 21-30

FL

n 31-40
n 41-51

HI

SOURCE: "Good Intentions, Gap in
Action," Do Good Institute Research Brief

The shooting
did not impact
engagement

Students are
more engaged

WA

AK

How, if at all, has the recent mass shooting in Parkland, Fla.,
impacted engagement of students at your school around
civics-related issues like gun control?

51%

High School Students Volunteering Rates (2012-15)

ing than high-school-and-college-age Americans,
the study found, but teenagers whose parents
volunteered were significantly more likely to do
so themselves.
Susan Ellis, the president of the volunteer-coordinating group Energize Inc., argued that educators should work more closely with community
volunteer groups when developing service learning and school-sponsored volunteering days. "The

stand-alone course. Instead, it is
often combined with other social
studies subjects, such as history or
geography. And the vast majority of
principals-75 percent-said their
schools devote 25 percent or less of
their history or social studies curriculum to civics.
High schoolers get more civics instruction than elementary students.
The median amount of time that
high school students spend on civics education is 10 hours a month,
as compared to 6.5 hours in middle
school and five hours in elementary,
according to the survey.
Keane, the Burlington principal,
wishes his students got a healthier
dose of civics instruction early.
"I think civics education can't
be restricted to high schools," he
said. "I think there's way too much
emphasis on reading, writing,
and math, and a lot of good oldfashioned ethics and values are
not being addressed because the
teacher doesn't want to get into
controversy and they don't want to
give up the time because it's not a
tested subject. That's not just Iowa.
That's everywhere."
In fact, principals surveyed overwhelmingly said the pressure to
focus on other subjects that are
tested or emphasized is one of the
main reasons that civics education
gets shorter shrift than they'd like.
Asked to rate some of the challenges to civics learning, more than
half of the principals said they found
it "challenging" or "very challenging"
to focus on civics when schools are
held accountable primarily for reading and math test scores. Another
28 percent said the focus on other

problem is the service-learning movement was
started by academics and pushed by education at
the state level ... so it is focused entirely on school
perspectives," Ellis said.
"But people need to understand there are a lot
of ways kids, young adults, and older people can
serve their communities together," she added.
"When you keep 'service learning' and 'volunteering' in separate tracks, that's a loss."

subjects is "somewhat challenging"
when it comes to getting attention
for civics.

"

If we want something
different, we have to
teach our kids to do
something different."
BRENT ANDERSON
Principal, Murphy Junior High School,
Plainfield, Ill.

The results of reading and math
tests "are the scores that get published in the newspaper," said Dan
Rispens, the principal of East Valley Middle School in East Helena,
Mont., a small town just outside
the state capital.
And 59 percent said they found it
"somewhat challenging," "challenging," or "very challenging" to focus
on civics because it isn't a district or
school priority.

Googling Civics
"Most people look at history and
say, 'You can Google it.' If you want
to know something about government, you can Google it," said Bob
Priest, the principal of Van Wert
High School in western Ohio. "You
don't need to know it, you can

Google it. Many people don't see
the relevance of it. There's so much
more to civics than what people give
credit to."
A little more than a quarter of the
principals surveyed say finding resources for civics education is either
"challenging" or "very challenging."
Another 36 percent say that it's
"somewhat challenging."
Civics education is "the first thing
to go when there's budget cuts," said
Roberts of Denver's STRIVE-Prep
Rise charter school.
And slightly more than 50 percent
of principals surveyed said that it
was at least "somewhat challenging" to delve into civics education
because it can touch on controversial or politically charged topics.
"How do you teach some of these
concepts without offending half the
people in the room?" asked Brent Anderson, the principal of Murphy Junior High in Plainfield, Ill., near Chicago. "You have to be cognizant of your
community. How can you approach a
topic in a way that's acceptable?"
But principals also say teaching
students how to have productive
conversations about touchy topics
is a key goal of civics education. It
is not something they can shy away
from, particularly as the national
political debate becomes increasingly fractious and polarized.
"I look at adult behavior [in civic
discourse] right now, and I think
'That person would be in my office,' "
Putnam said. "If we want something
different, we have to teach our kids
to do something different."
Read the full report.
www.edweek.org/go/civicsurvey

SOURCE: Education Week Research Center

EDUCATION WEEK | July 18, 2018 | www.edweek.org | 13


http://www.edweek.org/go/civicsurvey http://www.edweek.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - July 18, 2018

Conservative Groups Push Teachers To Drop Their Unions
Our Students Don’t Get Enough Civics, Principals Say
Next Up in Teacher Activism: Run for State Office
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Alexa Moves Into Class, Raising Alarm Bells
In K-12, 20 Percent of Staff Say #MeToo
Report Roundup
News in Brief
Right-to-Read Lawsuits Press On, Despite Court Setback
Educating Migrant Students in Shelters
Gates Teacher-Effectiveness Program Shows No Payoff
After Janus, Defiant Union Looks Ahead
Shock Waves for Unions After Stinging Defeat In Janus Case
Volunteering Rates Dropped Among Young Americans
Trump Rescinds Obama-Era Guidance On Diversity at Schools
Trump Team Set to Revisit ‘Voc Rehab’ Regulations
U.S. Supreme Court and Schools: 2017-18
Kennedy’s K-12 Legacy a Deep One
Pick for U.S. Supreme Court Has Light Record Of Education Rulings
Inside a Merger Plan for Ed., Labor Depts.
Education Action in Congress: A Midsummer Roundup
Betsy DeVos: What We Can Learn About Education From Europe
Randi Weingarten: ‘We Are in a Race for The Soul of Our Country’
Lily Eskelsen García: We Aren’t Going Anywhere
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Mark A. Elgart & Belle S. Wheelan: How to Prepare for the Future of School Choice
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - In K-12, 20 Percent of Staff Say #MeToo
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 2
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 3
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - News in Brief
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 5
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Right-to-Read Lawsuits Press On, Despite Court Setback
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 7
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Educating Migrant Students in Shelters
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Gates Teacher-Effectiveness Program Shows No Payoff
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Shock Waves for Unions After Stinging Defeat In Janus Case
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 11
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Volunteering Rates Dropped Among Young Americans
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 13
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 14
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 15
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 16
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 17
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 18
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Trump Team Set to Revisit ‘Voc Rehab’ Regulations
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Kennedy’s K-12 Legacy a Deep One
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Pick for U.S. Supreme Court Has Light Record Of Education Rulings
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Inside a Merger Plan for Ed., Labor Depts.
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Education Action in Congress: A Midsummer Roundup
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 24
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 25
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Betsy DeVos: What We Can Learn About Education From Europe
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Lily Eskelsen García: We Aren’t Going Anywhere
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Letters
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 29
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - 31
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - Mark A. Elgart & Belle S. Wheelan: How to Prepare for the Future of School Choice
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - CW1
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - CW2
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - CW3
Education Week - July 18, 2018 - CW4
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