Education Week - June 20, 2018 - 7

DeVos Warned of Harm to ELLs If She Scraps Federal Office
By Corey Mitchell
If U.S. Secretary of Education
Betsy DeVos scraps the long-standing federal office that supports English-learners, a broad community of
advocates and experts, including two
former directors of the office, warn
the move could harm students who
already lag their peers on every academic measure.
Under the proposal, DeVos would
fold the office of English-language
acquisition, or OELA, into the office
for elementary and secondary education. The plan would eliminate the
director's position for OELA, a job
currently held by José Viana.
Department of Education officials
say restructuring OELA would allow
the agency to merge English-learner
support with services provided to
other vulnerable groups such as
homeless students or those in foster
care-a move ELL advocates say
would work against the best interests of the students.
Kenji Hakuta, a professor emeritus at the Stanford University
Graduate School of Education, said
the probable drawbacks-including
a scenario where states follow the
lead of the federal government and
eliminate or reduce the role of their
English-learner offices-outweigh
any potential benefits.
"It would be all positive if, in
fact, the students were receiving

the right kinds of services and the
right kind of attention," said Hakuta, a linguist who is an expert
on language acquisition.
But that isn't the case, Hakuta
argues.
An estimated 5 million Englishlearners attend public schools in
the United States, and their academic proficiency and graduation
rates lag behind those of their native English-speaking peers.
A 2017 report from the National
Academies of Science, Engineering,
and Medicine found that schools
often provide substandard instruction and social-emotional support to
English-learners and fail to properly
train educators who teach them.

Diminished Clout
The office of English-language
acquisition, established during the
George W. Bush administration,
has had its clout diminished over
the past decade. Near the end of his
presidency, the Education Department shifted control over hundreds of
millions of dollars in federal Title III
funds that go to states and districts
to support instruction for Englishlearners from OELA to the office for
elementary and secondary education.
Kim Miller, Oregon's director of
English-learner programs and the
president of the National Council
of State Title III directors, fears the

latest move would "lead to the demise of the office completely."
OELA provides guidance on policy
decisions, handles grants that help
prepare educators to work with
ELLs, and invests in and distributes research through the National
Clearinghouse for English Language
Acquisition. If those services are
scaled down, state ELL offices can't
fill the gaps, Miller said.
"Would we lose our researchers,
best practices, and professional development?" she asked. "If we don't
have [that], these children could fall
through the cracks."
DeVos' proposal comes amid concerns from civil rights groups that the
Education Department has already
failed to ensure equity for Englishlearners-including approving state
Every Student Succeeds Act plans
that they contend violate the law and
don't account for ELLs' needs.
More than half of states' ESSA
plans set lower academic goals for
ELLs, at least seven states have
plans that flout key provisions of the
federal education law, and nearly 20
percent of state plans allow schools
to earn high ratings even if Englishlearners are struggling, an analysis
by advocacy groups Achieve and UnidosUS found.
Two former directors of OELA-
Kathleen Leos and Libia Gil-say
the office should be left intact.
Leos served as the office's inau-

gural director during the George
W. Bush administration. Gil, who is
now the chief education officer for
the Illinois state board of education,
led the office during the latter half
of the Obama administration.
"It's a special group of students
with unique challenges in language
acquisition and learning content at
the same time," Leos said. "We need
[people] that understand those deep
issues."

Symbol or Substance?
The proposal to scrap OELA is
part of a broader effort by DeVos and
her deputies to revamp the agency.
It's the right move, said Grover J.
"Russ" Whitehurst, a senior fellow at
the Brookings Institution.
Whitehurst, who was the director
of the Institute of Education Sciences
during the George W. Bush administration, says that directors of smaller
offices such as OELA, are more responsible for managing federal funds
than setting policy.
"I don't see the office as bearing
directly on services that students receive," Whitehurst said, arguing that
opposition to restructuring the office
is a "symbolic issue more than it is
an operational issue."
An 18-group coalition-including
the American Federation of Teachers,
TESOL International Association,
and UnidosUS-has told DeVos that

abolishing OELA would be a mistake.
The reorganization "would necessarily and inevitably diminish the
time, attention, and supporting expertise and analysis applied to EL
issues," the advocacy coalition wrote
to DeVos in a letter.
More than two dozen Democrats
in Congress have also pushed back
against the proposal. Lawmakers
and advocates have questioned
whether DeVos has the authority to
restructure the office without congressional approval.
On paper, she already has.
Although federal law requires that
the office have a director who reports
directly to the secretary, under the
current organizational chart, the director of OELA reports to the deputy
secretary, Mick Zais. In a response to
advocates, Zais wrote: "Once implemented, the department knows that
its proposed changes will enhance
department operations and leverage
resources to better serve Englishlearner students and their families."
The Education Department did
not respond to requests to interview
Zais or Viana for this story.
Scrapping OELA could prompt
state agencies to merge or abandon
their ELL offices, Hakuta said.
"Especially in states where Englishlearners are likely to kind of slip out
of the radar screen ... that would be a
negative because you'll basically lose a
voice and expertise in that area."

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EDUCATION WEEK | June 20, 2018 | www.edweek.org | 7


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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - June 20, 2018

Memorial Honors Fallen Educators
A ‘Plan, Do, Study, Act’ Approach To a Better Freshman Year
Teachers’ Unions Go on Offensive to Stem Losses
Ed-Tech Companies Tracking Students’ Emotions, Mindsets
Federal i3 Grants Yield Successes, Illuminate Challenges
DeVos Warned of Harm to ELLs If She Scraps Federal Office
Q&A: Getting Feedback Right
Head Start Programs Turn to Data For Problem-Solving
No Election-Year Lull for State Lawmakers
Advocates Worried About Spec. Ed. Testing Waivers Under ESSA
DeVos’ European Tour Yields Insights, Cautions
How Obama K-12 Policies Have Fared Under Trump
Arina Bokas & Robert Ward: Could Altruism Curb Teen Suicide?
Tyrone C. Howard: We Must Do Better By Our Most Vulnerable Children
Michele Gay & Alissa Parker: School Safety Belongs to All of Us
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - June 20, 2018 - Ed-Tech Companies Tracking Students’ Emotions, Mindsets
Education Week - June 20, 2018 - 2
Education Week - June 20, 2018 - 3
Education Week - June 20, 2018 - Report Roundup
Education Week - June 20, 2018 - 5
Education Week - June 20, 2018 - Federal i3 Grants Yield Successes, Illuminate Challenges
Education Week - June 20, 2018 - DeVos Warned of Harm to ELLs If She Scraps Federal Office
Education Week - June 20, 2018 - Q&A: Getting Feedback Right
Education Week - June 20, 2018 - 9
Education Week - June 20, 2018 - Head Start Programs Turn to Data For Problem-Solving
Education Week - June 20, 2018 - 11
Education Week - June 20, 2018 - 12
Education Week - June 20, 2018 - 13
Education Week - June 20, 2018 - 14
Education Week - June 20, 2018 - 15
Education Week - June 20, 2018 - 16
Education Week - June 20, 2018 - 17
Education Week - June 20, 2018 - Advocates Worried About Spec. Ed. Testing Waivers Under ESSA
Education Week - June 20, 2018 - DeVos’ European Tour Yields Insights, Cautions
Education Week - June 20, 2018 - How Obama K-12 Policies Have Fared Under Trump
Education Week - June 20, 2018 - 21
Education Week - June 20, 2018 - Tyrone C. Howard: We Must Do Better By Our Most Vulnerable Children
Education Week - June 20, 2018 - Letters
Education Week - June 20, 2018 - 24
Education Week - June 20, 2018 - 25
Education Week - June 20, 2018 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - June 20, 2018 - 27
Education Week - June 20, 2018 - Michele Gay & Alissa Parker: School Safety Belongs to All of Us
Education Week - June 20, 2018 - CW1
Education Week - June 20, 2018 - CW2
Education Week - June 20, 2018 - CW3
Education Week - June 20, 2018 - CW4
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