Education Week - June 1, 2016 - (Page 1)

Education Week VOL. 35, NO. 32 * JUNE 1, 2016 AMERICAN EDUCATION'S NEWSPAPER OF RECORD * © 2016 Editorial Projects in Education * $ 4  BRE AKING NEWS DAILY Civil Rights Office Gets Aggressive Complaints, Investigations Have Spiked Under Obama A school police officer violently throws a black high school student from her desk before arresting her for refusing to put away her cellphone. A young student is put in handcuffs for defiant behavior. A school imposes drastically different punishments on a black student and a white student for the same behavior. In years past, such stories may have been dismissed as isolated incidents. But, under the Obama administration, civil rights and student groups have quickly turned to federal data to make the case that these events are part of a larger pattern of unfair and excessive discipline in schools, particularly for students of color. And they've found a partner in the U.S. Department of Education's office for civil rights, which is charged with identifying and rooting out unfair and discriminatory treatment in public schools. By all accounts, that office has been particularly aggressive during this presidency by putting schools on notice about their responsibilities on everything from suspensions to bullying, by increasing the data it collects on inequitable treatment in schools, and by committing itself to transparency by posting its resolutions and investigations online. "We know from our data that our kids today are not experiencing the equality that is their federal promise PAGE 14 > NashCO for Education Week By Evie Blad 'LENS' ON EQUITY: Students Rafael Silva-Miranda, Francisco Castillo, Francisco Martinez, and Cristopher Huerta, left to right, greet one another at Woodburn High School in Woodburn, Ore. The district has the highest Hispanic graduation rate in the state. PAGE 16 > In Special Education, a Debate on Bias By Christina A. Samuels It's not often that special education research gets attention from more than teachers and other academics. But it's also not often that research purports to upend decades of accepted wisdom in the field-and also takes direct aim at race-related policy issues currently under debate at the federal level. In 2015, education professors Paul L. Morgan and George Farkas published a peer-reviewed analysis stating that there is clear bias in the way students are identi- fied for special education. But the bias went in an unexpected direction, they said: By their calculations, black and Hispanic students are universally underrepresented compared to their white peers-rather than overrepresented-in a variety of categories, including emotional disturbance and specific learning disabilities, such as dyslexia. The paper was not the first time that Morgan, of Pennsylvania State University, and Farkas, based at the University of California, Irvine, had published those By Sarah D. Sparks Montessori education has a more than century-old history in the United States, but thanks to burgeoning charter and parent-advocacy movements, the model is in the midst of an unprecedented boom in public schools. At the same time, new research raises questions about how the model will fit with states' and districts' test-focused accountability systems in public education, as well as how well it will fit the needs of diverse students in its communities. Nationwide, more than 500 public schools enrolling 125,000 students follow the Montessori model-an education approach that emphasizes child-directed learning in multiage classrooms. Nearly 300 of the public Montessori schools have opened in the past 15 years, according to Mira Debs, a Montessori doctoral researcher at Yale University who has tracked that growth. Gettysburg Montessori Charter School, a few miles from the famous Pennsylvania battleground, is one of them, and its story mirrors that of many of the new public Montessori schools. The school grew out of a small private Montessori school for preschool and young elementary pupils in the area. A group of parents whose children had attended the preschool petitioned the Gettysburg school district to open a separate charter Montessori for K-6 in 2009. Today, the school serves 155 students PAGE 20 > Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton discusses a lawsuit filed by 11 states over federal agencies' guidance on transgender students. Transgender Students and Schools: What's Next? The Obama admininstration's new guidance on the rights of transgender students is sparking protests, lawsuits, and lots of questions for K-12 educators. PAGE 6 > This package is the fourth installment of a yearlong series on efforts to recognize and overcome discrimination in schools. 32 COMMENTARY: Researchers discuss their perspectives on the criminalization of black girls in public schools. See Page 17 for more information about this series. PAGE 17 > Jay Janner/Austin American-Statesman/AP Charter Movement Fuels Boom For Public Montessori Schools BEYOND BIAS Countering Stereotypes in School Proposed ESSA Rules Aim to Strike Balance By Andrew Ujifusa In their proposed rules on school accountability, federal officials are attempting to walk a fine and aggressively scrutinized line. They say they've tried to offer the meaningful flexibility to states and districts under the Every Student Succeeds Act that many say the law requires, while answering the call to make sure that all students are accounted for and given appropriate, equitable support. What remains to be seen, however, is whether a variety of others-such as Republican members of Congress and civil rights advocates-will be satisfied with the U.S. Department of Education's foray into crafting accountability regulations for the successor to the No Child Left Behind Act. The draft rules, issued May 26, would not PAGE 24 >

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - June 1, 2016

Education Week - June 1, 2016
In Special Education, A Debate on Bias
Proposed ESSA Rules Aim to Strike Balance
Civil Rights Office Gets Aggressive
Charter Movement Fuels Boom For Public Montessori Schools
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Transgender Debate: What’s Next?
Free Website Expands on EngageNY’s Mission
Study on Teacher Test Finds Mixed Results
Blogs of the Week
Digital Learning Games Breaking Into K-12 Mainstream
Girls Outperform Boys on First National Test of Tech, Engineering
Oregon Creates a ‘Lens’ for Viewing Educational Equity
High School Takes Cue From Montessori
School Finance Suits: More Than Just a Legal Roll of the Dice?
Report Feeds Into Debate Over Racial, Economic Inequities
Blogs of the Week
Policing Girls of Color in School
The Plight of Black Girls in K-12 Schools
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Black Girls, Discipline, and Schools

Education Week - June 1, 2016