Education Week - May 31, 2017 - 19

U.S. Education
Secretary Betsy
DeVos, left, and
Erica Navarro, the
U.S. Department of
Education's budget
service director,
prepare for DeVos'
testimony on
Capitol Hill on the
department's fiscal
2018 budget
proposal.

FUNDING PITCH
Carolyn Kaster/AP

President Donald Trump's budget proposal for
fiscal 2018 would change funding levels for
various education-related programs at the
U.S. Department of Education and other federal
agencies. Here's a comparison of Trump's
proposal to the final 2017 spending plan
approved by Congress in early May, which
expires Sept. 30. The fiscal 2018 budget will
primarily impact the 2018-19 school year.

Trump's K-12 Spending Plan
Faces Uncertainty in Congress
CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1

lion for a new block grant under Title IV of the
federal education law for programs for student
health, education technology, and other issues.
Title I and special education funding would also
get cut by roughly 4 and 1 percent, respectively,
from fiscal 2017 levels.

Divergent Views
Lawmakers in charge of the department's
budget shared divergent views about the
Trump spending proposals during a House
hearing last week, where U.S. Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos defended the budget. It was
her first public appearance on Capitol Hill since
her contentious confirmation hearing.
Rep. Tom Cole, R-Okla., the chairman of
the House Appropriations subcommittee that
funds the department, praised the blueprint
for promoting educational opportunities in
general. But he didn't discuss the Title I choice
fund or the voucher proposal, and after the
hearing stressed he wasn't ready to pick "winners and losers" in the education budget yet.
"I'm a big fan of charter schools," Cole said,
when asked about distinctions he was making
between charters and vouchers in the budget. And he questioned the proposal's cuts to
GEAR UP and TRIO, two programs that help
disadvantaged students reach postsecondary
education.
Meanwhile, Democrats hammered DeVos
over the various cuts, and also sparred with
the secretary about whether she would allow
a federal voucher program to fund private
schools that discriminate against students,
including LGBT children and African-American students. DeVos emphasized state prerogatives and parent choice in her answers,
but in a later statement also emphasized that
schools participating in the new $250 million
voucher research program would have to follow federal law.
"I'm shocked that you cannot come up with
one example of discrimination [where] you
would stand up for students," Rep. Katherine
Clark, D-Mass., told DeVos during the discussion of vouchers.
Despite the administration's proposed cuts
to several programs, it's likely that Title I,
Title II, and the Title IV block grant will be
funded at roughly the same levels they are
now, said David DeSchryver, the senior vice
president at Whiteboard Advisors, a research
and advocacy firm. The Title I choice program
would require a politically difficult change in
federal law, he noted. And the $250 million
voucher research program might be too small
to justify politically, DeSchryver added.
"This puts a lot on the congressional plate,
and I don't think they're ready to navigate yet
how all this will work," DeSchryver said.
Trump's budget plan represents the biggest single-year overall proposed cut to the
department since President Ronald Reagan's

budget pitch for fiscal 1983. Congress ultimately increased the department's budget
for that year.
In her testimony to House lawmakers,
DeVos repeatedly stressed that the budget
makes tough choices and puts what she
called appropriate new limits on the federal
government's involvement in education. And
she said that giving more power to parents
and students, along with states and local
communities, is long overdue.
"Instead, we spend a lot of time talking
about schools and systems," DeVos said.
She also said that despite the cuts, the
Every Student Succeeds Act (the federal
education law that kicks in for the 2017-18
school year) and other changes in the budget
proposal would allow schools to be more flexible and to better serve students. But Democrats countered that any such flexibility was
dwarfed by the range of proposed cuts.

On the Chopping Block
The budget would phase out or eliminate a
total of 22 programs.
DeSchryver said Comprehensive Literacy
Development Grants, which currently get
$190 million but would be eliminated in
Trump's budget, are in serious jeopardy.
Outside of the Education Department, the
budget plan proposes an $85 million cut to
Head Start, which is administered by the
Department of Health and Human Services.
There would also be cuts to the National
Center for Child Health and Human Development of $1 billion, as well as a reduction
for the Children's Health Insurance Program
of $5.8 billion over 10 years.
Several school advocacy groups swiftly condemned the budget proposal. The Council of
Chief State School Officers said the "cuts to
key federal education programs" were "unacceptable." And the National School Boards
Association called the proposed cuts a "devastating blow" that would be compounded by
the budget's attempt to create "a second system of taxpayer-funded education" outside of
traditional public schools.
A few school choice advocates were also
wary of the choice proposals in the budget.
For example, Lindsey Burke, the director of
the Center for Education Policy at the Heritage Foundation, which favors limited government, said that the federal government
should not be involved in running school
choice, even as she praised the overall reduction in the Education Department's budget.
"The Trump administration has outlined a
budget that rightly downsizes spending and
program count at the Department of Education-a long overdue step that can pave the
way for a restoration of state and local control of education," Burke said.

Current Spending

Trump Proposal

Fiscal 2017

Fiscal 2018

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

(figures in millions)

s
t
t
t
t
t
t
s
s
t
t
s

Title I Grants to Districts *

$14,900

$15,900

Special Education Grants

12,800

12,700

Title II Part A (Teacher/Principal Development)

2,000

0

Impact Aid Basic Support

1,303

1,236

21st Century Community Learning Centers

1,200

0

Career-Tech. Ed. Grants

1,117

949

TRIO (Disadvantaged, K-12 and Higher Ed.)

950

808

Title III (English-Language Acquistion)

737

739

Institute for Education Sciences

605

617

Title IV Part A (Block Grant)

400

0

Migrant Students

375

374

Charter School Grants

342

500

GEAR UP (Low-Income Students' Higher Ed.
Access)

340

219

Comprehensive Literacy Development Grants

190

0

Indian Education

165

144

Office for Civil Rights

109

107

Education Innovation and Research

100

370

t
t
t
t
s

$9,253

$9,170

t

1,380

1,023

t

$12,300

$13,000

4,500

4,800

s
s

$150

$29

150

42

t
t

$50

$18

t

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
Head Start
National Center for Child Health and Human
Development

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
School Lunch
School Breakfast

INDEPENDENT AGENCIES
National Endowment for the Arts
National Endowment for the Humanities

JUSTICE DEPARTMENT
Comprehensive School Safety Initiative
*The $1 billion increase is for a new public school choice initiative.
SOURCES: Education Week, White House Office of Management and Budget

EDUCATION WEEK | May 31, 2017 | www.edweek.org | 19


http://www.edweek.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - May 31, 2017

Education Week - May 31, 2017
Where Career Plans Start Early
States Struggle to Define ‘Ineffective Teachers’
Trump Priorities on Full Display In K-12 Budget
For Schools, Rating Students’ Character Is a Tricky Prospect
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Charter Win Brings Big Shift to L.A. Unified
Reading and the Mind : An Author Q&A
Letters to Districts Prompt Worries About E-Rate’s Future
States’ Spec. Ed. Work Offers a Jump on ESSA’s Demands
Amid Fiscal Crisis, Puerto Rico Shuts Down Scores of Schools
Budget Plan Spares Some Ed. Research Efforts, Cuts Others
Trump Budget Draws Ire, Tepid Support From School Choice Worl
Darienne Driver: A Collective-Impact Approach to Equity
Steve Canavero:Two-Party Support Gives School Funding Wider Reach
Peggy Lehner: Money Doesn’t Ensure Equity
Veronica Palmer: Empowering Families to Lead
Pedro A. Rivera: A Fair Formula for Funding
John Schoenig: Our Children Are Made for Greatness
Tammy Wawro: Confronting the Realities of a Changing Population
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Danielle Gonzales & Ross Wiener: Yes, Schools Have an Equity Problem. What Should We Do About It?
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - For Schools, Rating Students’ Character Is a Tricky Prospect
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - 2
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - 3
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - News in Brief
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - Report Roundup
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - Charter Win Brings Big Shift to L.A. Unified
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - Reading and the Mind : An Author Q&A
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - Letters to Districts Prompt Worries About E-Rate’s Future
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - 9
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - 10
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - 11
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - 12
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - Amid Fiscal Crisis, Puerto Rico Shuts Down Scores of Schools
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - 14
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - 15
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - 16
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - 17
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - Trump Budget Draws Ire, Tepid Support From School Choice Worl
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - 19
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - Steve Canavero:Two-Party Support Gives School Funding Wider Reach
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - Pedro A. Rivera: A Fair Formula for Funding
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - Letters
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - 24
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - 25
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - 26
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - 27
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - Danielle Gonzales & Ross Wiener: Yes, Schools Have an Equity Problem. What Should We Do About It?
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - CW1
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - CW2
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - CW3
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - CW4
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