Education Week - May 31, 2017 - 14

Results Drive States' Spec. Ed. Efforts
CONTINUED FROM PAGE 13

pectations about math performance.
"It was important for us to look at
the bigger picture here. What are we
saying when we say that something
is too difficult, or not worth teaching" to special education students,
said Gallo, who is also president of
the National Association of State Directors of Special Education.
The results-driven accountability
effort has allowed states to take a
deep look at what they are doing,
with federal support, Gallo said.
Rhode Island's effort centers
around the performance of black
and Hispanic students with learning disabilities who are enrolled in
the state's urban areas. That need
"jumped off the page" when the
state started analyzing its data,
said J. David Sienko, the state's director of special education.
"It became so apparent. AfricanAmerican and Hispanic students in
our urban core were not even showing up on the radar, their performance was so poor," he said.
Rhode Island has launched a "very
precise, very targeted" set of interventions at a handful of schools to start,
Sienko said. The state is using a
tiered intervention framework to provide these services. That framework
includes high-quality education for

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all students; screening so that teachers can spot children who are struggling; targeted, research-based "interventions" of increasing intensity;
frequent progress monitoring; and
data-based decisionmaking.

Rhode Island's Approach
Under the results-driven accountability initiative, Rhode Island has
the resources to make sure all those
pieces are operating as the developers intended, without deviations that
can dilute their effectiveness. Recent
national studies of implementation
of an educational approach known as
response to intervention have shown
that schools are embracing that
model, but are also struggling to put
it in place effectively.
Another important piece of the
work is that it has prompted Rhode
Island educators to see special educators as partners, rather than compliance enforcers, Sienko said.
"I think the special education directors have been perceived as the
people who show up when there's
something wrong," he said.
Michigan educators decided the
state's focus would be on early literacy. Steve Goodman, the director of
the state's multitiered system of supports initiative, said results-driven
accountability has helped the state

in three ways: Federal officials are
looking for state activities that will
help students, they're holding states
accountable for their performance,
and they're providing resources to
help states in the process.
"What has helped is the communication that this is a priority, that
this is a big deal," said Goodman,
who leads Michigan's Integrated
Behavior and Learning Support
Initiative.
Another important element is that
states have been allowed-even encouraged-to focus their efforts and
start with a small number of schools
or districts, said Louis Danielson, a
co-director of the National Center on
Intensive Intervention, another federally funded center that has been
assisting some states with this work.
His center, which has worked directly with schools, has been helping
schools use better diagnostic tools,
analyze data more effectively, and
restructure their schedules so that
children getting extra help in reading don't miss important parts of
their core instruction.
"I think it was smart to permit
states to start small," Danielson said,
because it allows schools and states
to build up their capacity. "I think in
general, until you've actually done
this work, you may have a tendency
to underestimate the challenges."

FOCUSING ON PERFORMANCE
1

As a part of the U.S. Department of Education's move to "results-driven accountability," each state
selected an area that it planned to focus on to improve outcomes for special education students.
The areas each state chose can be grouped into several broad categories.

Education WEEk
Vol. 35,

No. 29 * April 27, 2016

edweek.org:

* $4
Projects in Education
d * © 2016 Editori al
newsp Aper of recor
Ameri cAn educA tion's

bre Aking news dAilY

Court Sides
With Student
On Title IX

Digital Directions

Pre-K Social-Emotional Outcomes

Post-School Outcomes

Massachusetts
New Hampshire

Alabama

t
Federal Decision Could Affec
ies
School Transgender Polic

Photos by Brandon Thibodea

ux for Education Week

By evie Blad
decision to
A federal appeals court's
student who
side with a transgender
ted his restsued after his school restric ching imfar-rea
room access could have
the country
plications for schools around
on this dithat have lacked legal clarity
visive issue.
"a major
The decisi on was called
Gay, Lesbian &
the
by
point"
g
turnin
rk, and it
Straig ht Educa tion Netwo
sions
discus
for
tone
the
set
could help
for transgender
about accommodations
law experts
students nationwide, school

of Art.
trip to the Dallas Museum
a vase during a recent field
their findings.
School in Texas, sketches
and then do drawings of
student at Plano Senior High
ger hunt through the museum
Hope Yen, an AP Art History
right, to conduct a scaven
other digital tools, below
Students use iPhones and

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Better Online Images, Mu
New Look
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Give Art History Educatio

in Rome.
blocks from the Pantheon
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By Leo Doran
Figuring out how to virtua through phoom
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Art
AP
year,
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for educators that dates
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spond emotionally and
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logy. Most recent
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new tools, particularly
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technology, and multiinclude Emperor Qin's
tal images, immersive
xi province, and Carabrought about a funburied in China's Shaan
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vaggio's "Calling of St.
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Cheating in N.Y.C., Ga.
Found to Hurt Students
n,
tests is not only commo
Cheating on standardized
ic
effects on students' academ
it can also have long-term
es.
outcom
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cheatin
ion,
promot
Like social
those who are struggling
a high-stakes test can allow like moving to the next
s,
to get over procedural hurdle them when they try to
hurt
level in school, but it can
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move to more difficult
a,
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ts New York and Georgi
new research on studen
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cheating scandals.
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Vergara Reversal
Leaves Questions,
Equity Concerns
By Stephen Sawchuk

Iowa
Funding Showdown in

rves
s to Break Law to Tap Rese
Cash-Strapped District Vow
By Daarel Burnette ii

By Sarah D. Sparks

said.
judge in VirA federal district court
not defer to the
ginia erred when he did
ion's interpreU.S. Department of Educat
created under
tation that a regulation
Amendments of
Title IX of the Education
identity, a three1972 applies to gender
Circuit Court
judge panel of the 4th U.S.
Va., said in a
of Appeals, in Richmond,
2-1 decision last week.
panel sent the
ate
appell
l
federa
The
lower court to
original case back to the
a preliminary inreconsider its denial of
Gavin Grimm, a
junction that would allow
ster County,
Glouce
in
high school student
m at school.
Va., to use the boy's restroo
he now identiGrimm was born a girl but

political batFed up with years of
of Iowa's educatling over the fairness
Tate, the
tion funding formula, Arthur
Davenport pubthe
of
nt
ntende
superi
to balance his
lic schools, says in order
ly pull
illegal
will
he
year,
books next
's reserves.
$2.7 million out of the district
on the state's
It's an amount he bases
Davleaves
which
a,
1971 funding formul
per student
enport $175 less to spend
districts.
compared to some other
much
how
ls
The state tightly contro
dipping into
districts can spend, and
ts without
emergency savings accoun
forbidden. Ofstate permission is strictly

his superintenficials say Tate could lose
state if he goes
dent's license given by the
board members,
ahead, and the district's
ed the plan this
approv
ously
unanim
who
criminally.
d
charge
be
could
,
month
lity," said Tate,
"I'm tired of the inequa
15,500 stuthe head of a district whose
come, Hispanic,
dents are mostly low-in
s a higher
there'
and black. "I think
stake here.
at
le
philosophy and princip
worth the same,
Every student should be
ours are worth
and the state is saying
much less."
deputy eduBut Jeff Berger, the state's
ort's problems
cation director, said Davenp
administrators
stem from the fact that its

of dollar s
Despi te the thousa nds
pro and con,
spent on glossy PR, both
rnia case,
over the Vergara v. Califo appeals
a state
last week's decision by
job protections
court to uphold teacher
factor: the
hinged on a far less flashy
utional law.
arcana of California constit
sides in
From the beginning, both
ledged that
acknow
case
ing
the polariz
up before the
it would probably end
gears
those
and
court,
e
state's suprem
with the plainare already cranking,
there.
tiffs planning to seek review
any
way
But regard less of which
fallout from
future decision goes, the
made several
the appeals decision has
things clear.
legal chalFirst, it is unlikely to stop
r-employlenges to California's teache
lawsuits
ment laws, although future Second,
nt tack.
could well take a differe

pAge 20>

(301) 280-3100 / reprints@epe.org

pAge 13>

Literacy and Math

Intermediate Math

Intermediate Literacy

California
Missouri

Kentucky
Maine (Grades 3-8)
Utah

Graduation Rate

Early Math

Arizona
Arkansas
Louisiana
New York
Tennessee
Texas
Wisconsin

Alaska
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Minnesota
Montana
New Jersey
North Carolina
North Dakota
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Maine (Grades 3-8)
Maryland
Rhode Island
Vermont

Early Literacy
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas

SOURCE: The National Center for Systemic Improvement

14 | EDUCATION WEEK | May 31, 2017 | www.edweek.org

Michigan
Mississippi
Nebraska
Nevada
New Mexico
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
South Carolina

South Dakota
Washington
Wyoming


http://www.edweek.org http://www.edweek.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - May 31, 2017

Education Week - May 31, 2017
Where Career Plans Start Early
States Struggle to Define ‘Ineffective Teachers’
Trump Priorities on Full Display In K-12 Budget
For Schools, Rating Students’ Character Is a Tricky Prospect
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Charter Win Brings Big Shift to L.A. Unified
Reading and the Mind : An Author Q&A
Letters to Districts Prompt Worries About E-Rate’s Future
States’ Spec. Ed. Work Offers a Jump on ESSA’s Demands
Amid Fiscal Crisis, Puerto Rico Shuts Down Scores of Schools
Budget Plan Spares Some Ed. Research Efforts, Cuts Others
Trump Budget Draws Ire, Tepid Support From School Choice Worl
Darienne Driver: A Collective-Impact Approach to Equity
Steve Canavero:Two-Party Support Gives School Funding Wider Reach
Peggy Lehner: Money Doesn’t Ensure Equity
Veronica Palmer: Empowering Families to Lead
Pedro A. Rivera: A Fair Formula for Funding
John Schoenig: Our Children Are Made for Greatness
Tammy Wawro: Confronting the Realities of a Changing Population
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Danielle Gonzales & Ross Wiener: Yes, Schools Have an Equity Problem. What Should We Do About It?
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - For Schools, Rating Students’ Character Is a Tricky Prospect
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - 2
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - 3
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - News in Brief
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - Report Roundup
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - Charter Win Brings Big Shift to L.A. Unified
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - Reading and the Mind : An Author Q&A
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - Letters to Districts Prompt Worries About E-Rate’s Future
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - 9
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - 10
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - 11
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - 12
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - Amid Fiscal Crisis, Puerto Rico Shuts Down Scores of Schools
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - 14
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - 15
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - 16
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - 17
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - Trump Budget Draws Ire, Tepid Support From School Choice Worl
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - 19
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - Steve Canavero:Two-Party Support Gives School Funding Wider Reach
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - Pedro A. Rivera: A Fair Formula for Funding
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - Letters
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - 24
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - 25
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - 26
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - 27
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - Danielle Gonzales & Ross Wiener: Yes, Schools Have an Equity Problem. What Should We Do About It?
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - CW1
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - CW2
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - CW3
Education Week - May 31, 2017 - CW4
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