Education Week - May 24, 2017 - 23

9**

NH ME

MT
cation Group, a California-based test-prep company
whose students opted for the ACT 8 to 1 over the SAT
last year. He believes the ACT will still draw more students this year but more likely at a ratio of 2 to 1.
After introducing the original Scholastic Aptitude
Test in 1926 (now simply the SAT), the New York
City-based College Board owned the market for years.
The Iowa City, Iowa-based ACT Inc. launched its test
more than 30 years later, in 1959. What tests students
took largely depended on where they lived-the SAT
is strongest on the coasts and the ACT in the Midwest and the South. But those patterns are changing,
nudged by state and district policies.
ACT was the early winner in recent battles for state
and district testing contracts. Now, 16 states give the
ACT free to students state-wide and another four
fund ACT test-taking on a district-optional basis.
In 2014-15, the College Board administered its test
during the school day, free to students, in three states
and the District of Columbia. This year, it has expanded
to nine states and the District of Columbia, having
flipped contracts in three states. The SAT is also given
in large districts, such as New York City. Not all states
that have contracts require students to take the tests.
While test changes have created anxiety for students, Lee Weiss, the vice president of college-admission programs for Kaplan Test Prep, said the two
exams are now similar, equally accepted by colleges,
and the market is now shifting back. "If you look at
trends from 2000 to 2016, ACT has really taken over,"
he said. "But it will be a horse race this year."

Accountability vs. Admissions
It was smart business strategy for the College Board
and ACT to persuade states to use their brand-name
tests for accountability as the public clamors for less
testing, but they are not particularly the right fit, said
New America's Elena Silva, the director of preK-12
education policy at the Washington-based education
nonprofit. The SAT and ACT were designed to predict
students' likelihood of success in college and don't
necessarily reflect what each state requires they learn
before high school graduation.
"I don't think it's a move that's been made necessarily because it's a better measure of learning," Silva
said. "It's simply an easier measure and more costeffective decision."
In Wisconsin, the state's official high school test
is now the ACT, and students are more motivated
because the results can go on their college applications, said Steve Schneider, a counselor at South High
School in Sheboygan, Wis.
"In the past, we've always tried to encourage kids
to do well on the state test, but the scores didn't mean
anything," he added.
The assessment landscape remains fluid because
when contracts expire, states regularly ask for bids, and
business can switch. For example, after years as an ACT

WI

ID
WY
NV

MI
NE

UT

OH

IL

CO

MO

CT
DC

KY
TN

LA

HI

state, Illinois began SAT-testing all juniors this spring.
Jennifer Norrell, an assistant superintendent in the
Bloom Township district in Chicago Heights, which
piloted the SAT in 2016, said teachers and students
are more engaged with the itemized feedback provided with scores.
"The data we get back makes the assessment meaningful," said Norrell. This year, students created a campaign, "5 Questions Make the Difference," to incentivize
test improvement with fliers, T-shirts, and food trucks.
While many students take the ACT or SAT in school
for free, tutors encourage those who can afford it to
try a practice test of each to compare scores.
Ideally, students would have a choice of ACT or SAT
in school, depending on what's the best fit for them,
said Sheila Quinn, the deputy superintendent of innovation and effectiveness in South Carolina's education
department.
Since 2014, all juniors in the state have been required to take the ACT or ACT WorkKeys for collegeand career-readiness accountability, but a bill being
considered by legislators now has generic language to
give the state more flexibility in choosing a test.
In response to the market flux, the National Center
for Fair & Open Testing reports the fastest growth in the
past three years in the number of test-optional colleges,
which now number 950, according to Robert Schaeffer,
its public education director. Studies show high school
grades are a stronger predictor than tests of freshman
college performance, and students want to be treated as
more than a test score by colleges, he said.
Despite the fluctuating landscape, most acknowledge
that both the SAT and ACT will likely remain a cornerstone of the college-application process.
"Because people have different ways of grading
and comparing students, colleges feel the tests at least
give them more of a standard of measure," said Nancy
Beane, the president of the National Association for College Admission Counseling. "I can't imagine the tests
are just going to go away." n

DE
NC
SC

MS AL

States Requiring
The SAT or ACT,
2016-17
nS
 AT
n ACT
n Either
SOURCE: Education Week

Student Testing: What's Next / www.edweek.org/go/assessment

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23


http://www.edweek.org/go/assessment

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - May 24, 2017

Education Week - May 24, 2017
Contents
Getting a Read on Student Assessment
Assessment: A Snapshot of a Field In Motion
What Happens When Students Are The Test Designers?
Teaching Students To De-Stress Over Tests
In Science, Next-Wave Tests Slowly Take Shape
Testing the ‘Career’ Half Of ‘College and Career’
Hey, Sailor, What Career Matches Your Interests?
In the College-Testing Game, ACT Outscores SAT-for Now
More Testing on the Horizon for Nation´s ELL Students
Formative Assessments Go Digital
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - Education Week - May 24, 2017
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - C2
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - Contents
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - 2
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - Getting a Read on Student Assessment
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - 4
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - Assessment: A Snapshot of a Field In Motion
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - 6
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - What Happens When Students Are The Test Designers?
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - 8
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - 9
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - 10
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - Teaching Students To De-Stress Over Tests
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - 12
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - 13
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - 14
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - In Science, Next-Wave Tests Slowly Take Shape
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - 16
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - 17
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - 18
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - Testing the ‘Career’ Half Of ‘College and Career’
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - 20
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - Hey, Sailor, What Career Matches Your Interests?
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - In the College-Testing Game, ACT Outscores SAT-for Now
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - 23
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - 24
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - More Testing on the Horizon for Nation´s ELL Students
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - 26
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - 27
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - Formative Assessments Go Digital
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - 29
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - 30
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - 31
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - 32
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - C3
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - C4
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - CW1
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - CW2
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - CW3
Education Week - May 24, 2017 - CW4
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http://ew.edweek.org/nxtbooks/epe/ew_09192012
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http://ew.edweek.org/nxtbooks/epe/ew_08292012
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http://ew.edweek.org/nxtbooks/epe/ew_test
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http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com