Education Week - May 18, 2016 - (Page 1)

Education Week VOL. 35, NO. 31 * MAY 18, 2016 AMERICAN EDUCATION'S NEWSPAPER OF RECORD * © 2016 Editorial Projects in Education * $ 4  BRE AKING NEWS DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS Chicago Fiscal Crisis Reaches Boiling Point By Stephen Sawchuk & Denisa R. Superville "It's time to end this radically discriminatory funding system that violates the civil rights of our children. It is racial discrimination in its purest form." That is not a statement out of Little Rock, Ark., circa 1957. It's from Chicago, 2016. And the speaker is Forrest Claypool, the CEO of the Chicago school district, who has been making similar points repeatedly in recent public appearances, attempting to shame Illinois lawmakers into providing millions more in school funding for the nation's third-largest district. THE HUMAN It's a political tacCOST tic, an unsubtle one, As the fiscal turmoil and increasingly, a drags on in Chicago's desperate one. Havschools, the city risks ing begged for state losing educators, aid and borrowed parents, and millions at untenable students. PAGE 17 rates, the district is rapidly approaching fiscal insolvency. The state's declining investment in K-12 education, coupled with deficits from the city's mounting pension liabilities and debt service, have put Chicago's schools more than $6 billion in long-term PAGE 16 > Photography by Alyssa Schukar for Education Week Chicago Jasmine Curtis, 16, a sophomore at Chicago's Lindblom Math & Science Academy, listens to a geometry lesson. BOTTOM RIGHT: Assistant Principal Alexandra Escobar hugs 2nd grader Analise Rivera, 8, during recess at R. H. Lee Elementary School in Chicago. Escobar is leaving the school, located in a predominantly Hispanic neighborhood on the city's West Side, for a job in a suburban district. Feds to Schools: Don't Restrict Transgender Access By Evie Blad The Obama administration has put the nation's school districts on notice that prohibiting transgender students from using the restrooms and locker rooms that match their gender identity is a violation of federal law. That issue has stirred sharp debate as schools, districts, and state legislatures have considered policies that would restrict such access on the basis of biological sex. The order on facilities access is part of a broader list of obligations federal officials said districts have to their transgender students, detailed in the sweeping civil rights guidance issued late last week. Crafted by the U.S. departments of Education and Justice, the guidance seeks to clarify the administration's interpretation of Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, which bars sex discrimination in schools, colleges, and universities that receive federal funds. The "dear colleague" letter to the nation's 14,000 school districts came the same week federal officials engaged in a standoff with North Carolina over a new law that is the nation's first to set state-level restrictions on the restrooms and locker rooms transgender people can use in the state's public buildings, including schools. While the administration has increasingly asserted in recent years that Title IX prohibits discrimination on the basis of gender identity as well as biological sex, advocates for transgender students have called on the Education Depart- shift and become less insular. "The challenge is if certain types of people are doing something, it's difficult for other people to break into it," said Po-Shen Loh, the head coach of last year's winning U.S. Math Olympiad team and an associate professor of mathematics at Carnegie Mellon University. Participation grows through friends and networks and if  "you realize that's how they're growing, you can start to take PAGE 15 > PAGE 24 > Top Math Competitions Struggle to Diversify Their Talent Pool Washington Interest in elite high school math competitions has grown in recent years, and in light of last summer's U.S. win at the International Math Olympiad-the first for an American team in more than two decades-the trend is likely to continue. But will such contests, which are overwhelm- ingly dominated by Asian and white students from middle-class and affluent families, become any more diverse? Many social and cultural factors play roles in determining which promising students get on the path toward international math recognition. But efforts are in place to expose more black, Hispanic, and low-income students to advanced math, in the hope that the demographic pool of high-level contenders will eventually begin to By Sarah Tully Florida schools are preparing for next year's rollout of one of the nation's most unrestricted open-enrollment laws allowing students to more easily cross district lines to go to school-a practice that has grown slowly nationwide amid both statutory and practical hurdles. Nationwide, 23 states had some type of mandatory, interdistrict open-enrollment laws in 2015, prior to enactment of Florida's law, according to the National Center for Education Statistics. But many of the laws set strict limitations, such as granting only transfers out of low-performing schools. Many states also have voluntary policies both within and outside districts. Florida's lawmakers this spring added to that state's already robust school choice program by approving a mandatory, interdistrict open-enrollment law, giving fami- PAGE 1 > By Liana Heitin Interdistrict Enrollment Appealing, Tricky

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - May 18, 2016

Education Week - May 18, 2016
Chicago Fiscal Crisis Reaches Boiling Point
Feds to Schools: Don’t Restrict Transgender Access
Interdistrict Enrollment Appealing, Tricky
Top Math Competitions Struggle To Diversify Their Talent Pool
Study Cites Types of Schools With Low Graduation Rates
‘Complex Web’ of Obstacles Hinders Success for Boys of Color
New Orleans Schools Poised For Return to Local Board Oversight
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: 1-to-1 Laptop Initiatives Boost Student Scores, Study Finds
Many GOP K-12 Policy Hands Cool To Idea of Trump Post
States Eye Data Dashboards as Path to Nuanced Accountability
Combing High-Court Nominee’s Clerkship for K-12 Hints
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Blogs of the Week
Blogs of the Week
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
BLAIR E. LYBBERT: A Radical Solution to the Dropout Problem
CHARLES J. OGLETREE JR. & KIMBERLY JENKINS ROBINSON: Neglecting the Broken Foundation Of K-12 Funding
DAVID SANTULLI: The Malia Effect
JOHN GOMPERTS: Making Sense Of High School Graduation Rates

Education Week - May 18, 2016