Education Week - May 14, 2014 - (Page 1)

Education WEEk VOL. 33, NO. 31 * MAY 14, 2014 AMERICAN EDUCATION'S NEWSPAPER OF RECORD * © 2014 Editorial Projects in Education * $4 Some States Overhauling Vaccine Laws Aim Is to Limit Opt-Outs By Evie Blad As outbreaks of preventable diseases have spread around the country in recent years, some states have been re-evaluating how and why they allow parents to opt their children out of vaccines required for school attendance. Requiring vaccines before school admission has been a key component of a decades-long campaign that had nearly rid the United States of some of its most severe illnesses, from the measles to whooping cough, public-health experts say. But they also warn that broad "personal belief" exemptions that don't relate to a child's medical condition or a family's religious beliefs have made it too easy to bypass vaccines, poking a sizable hole in the public-health safety net. While some parents act out of a sense of personal conviction, others do so simply because they don't have time to schedule an appointment, said Stephanie L. Wasserman, the executive director of the Colorado Children's Immunization Coalition, an Aurora, Colo.-based group that seeks to increase vaccine coverage in the state. "We want to close that convenience loophole," she said. "When you choose not to immunize, there are consequences not PAGE 23> OVERVIEW Demographic Changes, Shifting Rulings Complicate Schools' March to Integration By Lesli A. Maxwell DIGITAL DIRECTIONS Texting Is Used To Keep Students On College Track By Caralee J. Adams As educators look for ways to keep high school seniors on track for college and to avoid the "summer melt" that leads some astray in the months after they graduate, a new strategy is gaining ground: texting. This year, West Virginia launched a pilot program that alerts students about deadlines for financial aid, registration, and student orientation, among other matters, with personalized messages on their mobile phones. The texting initiative targets students from low-income families-especially those set to become the first in their families to attend college. It begins in January of students' senior year and continues into the summer and even through the freshman year of college. After getting a text reminder, a student may contact a counselor at his or her high school or on PAGE 20> American schooling will reach a milestone next fall when white students, for the first time, make up fewer than half of all children enrolled in public schools, according to federal projections. Black enrollment, holding fairly steady in recent years, will hover between 16 percent and 17 percent. Hispanic enrollment, meanwhile, will continue to surge, with its share of the K-12 population expected to hit 30 percent within the JEFFERSON COUNTY: A Kentucky district "keeps the faith" on school desegregation. PAGE 14 next decade. And the proportion of Asians and Pacific Islanders in public schools is also expected to be on the uptick, though much less dramatic than the rise for Latinos. But even with such ground-shifting demographic changes in the nation's public schools, the schools in many communities continue to be highly segregated 60 years after the U.S. Supreme Court, on May 17, 1954, struck down the principle of "separate but equal" education. "To separate them from others of similar age and qualifications solely because of their race PAGE 18> FEDERAL FOOTPRINT: Civil rights and education laws put teeth into the enforcement of U.S. Supreme Court decisions. PAGE 16 LANDMARK CASES: Decades of rulings trace the arc of legal wrangling over school integration. PAGE 17. NO CLEAR END: Nearly half a century after it was filed, a Mississippi court case continues. PAGE 18 COMMENTARY: Five writers share perspectives on how Brown plays out in education today. PAGES 28-31, 36 FROM ABOVE: A pair of 4th graders mind the exit doors last month at Wilt Elementary School, a diverse school in Louisville, Ky, Students jeer as Elizabeth Eckford attempts to integrate Central High School in Little Rock, Ark., in 1957. BREAKING NEWS DAILY BROWN AT 60: NEW DIVERSITY, FAMILIAR DISPARITIES Authors Contend Public Schools Outperform Private Schools By Holly Yettick The recent publication of a scholarly book has reopened the debate surrounding the academic achievement of public vs. private schools. Public schools achieve the same or better mathematics results as private schools with demographically similar students, concludes The Public School Advantage: Why Public Schools Outperform Private Schools, published in November by the University of Chicago Press. The authors are Christopher and Sarah Lubienski, a husband-and-wife team of education professors at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Central to the controversy is their suggestion that vouchers, which provide public funding for private school tuition, are based on the premise that private schools do better-an assumption that is undercut by the book's overall findings. The Lubienskis' analysis draws on data from the 2003 National Assessment of Educational Progress, or naep, as well as the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-99. After accounting for socioeconomic status, race, and other demographic differences among students, the researchers found that public school math achievement equaled or outstripped math achievement at every type of private school in grades 4 and 8 on naep. The advantage was as large as 12 score points on a scale of 0 to 500 (or PAGE 22 > Will Count/Arkansas Democrat Gazette/AP-File Swikar Patel/Education Week

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - May 14, 2014

Table of Contents

Education Week - May 14, 2014