Education Week - May 13, 2020 - 19

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A Blueprint for Reopening
Schools This Fall

F

By John P. Bailey &
Frederick M. Hess
BAILEY is a visiting fellow
at the American Enterprise
Institute and a former
special assistant to the
president for domestic
policy at the White House
under President George
W. Bush. HESS is the
director of education
policy studies at the
American Enterprise
Institute and the author
of Education Week's Rick
Hess Straight Up opinion
blog. They are the lead
authors on the new AEI
report, "A Blueprint for
Back to School."

amilies and communities need
America's schools to be ready to
reopen as soon as public-health
officials signal that it's safe. The
nation has recently been reminded
just how vital schools are. They
connect students with peers and
mentors, channel youthful energy into productive pursuits, teach essential academic skills and knowledge,
and give overwhelmed parents room to breathe and
work. Today's packets and remote learning efforts are
at best an inferior substitute for a small portion of this.
This makes it urgent that schools find a way to
reopen this fall in a way that adapts to the challenges
posed by COVID-19. Of course, reopening in a manner
that's safe and responsive will involve novel challenges.
That's why leaders must begin planning immediately.
But let's be clear: Leading public-health officials-
including the habitually cautious Dr. Anthony Fauci,
the head of the National Institute of Allergy and
Infectious Diseases-have indicated that they expect
schools will be able to reopen this fall.
What will it take to get schools ready, amidst
enormous uncertainty? Together with a group of 19
accomplished educational leaders-including former
state chiefs, superintendents, federal education
officials, and school leaders-we have sketched a
blueprint that can help educators, communities, and
state and federal officials rise to the challenge. The
blueprint is informed by the following assumptions,
all drawn on the most current guidance from health
officials:
Schools will remain closed this spring but
will reopen in the fall (albeit with the potential of
localized, 14- to 28-day rolling closures triggered by
new outbreaks).
Reopened schools will need modifications based
on guidance from national and state health officials,
which could include physical distancing, temperature
screenings, and frequent disinfecting of classrooms.
Accommodations will be needed for teachers,
administrators, school staff, and students who may be
at heightened risk from COVID-19 because of their
age or other health conditions.
A vaccine might not be available for 18 months or
more, meaning that plans should take into account
both the 2020-21 and 2021-22 school years.

*
*
*
*

In planning for the contingencies implied by these
assumptions, there are four principles that should
guide preparations to reopen America's schools:
While governors have the authority to close
and open schools, these decisions are best made by
consulting with school leaders, health officials, and
community leaders.
Schools are responsible for meeting the needs
of all students, including the distinctive needs of
students from low-income backgrounds, students
with disabilities, and English-language learners.
Schools are obliged to find ways to serve all
students, even during times of disruption when
remote learning requires students to connect from
home.
Given that school systems cannot reasonably
have been expected to plan for the current situation,
state and federal officials must help provide the
resources schools need to help weather the crisis.

*
*
*
*

While readers should refer to the blueprint for the
particulars, there are at least six key buckets of work
ahead.
1. General considerations. Coordination,
communication, flexibility, and privacy protections
will be crucial. Schools will have to coordinate
closely with state and local health officials to develop
a unified public-health strategy. They'll need to
communicate with stakeholders so that students,
families, educators, and community members are
clear on expectations for academics and public
health. They'll need flexibility as they adapt to
unprecedented challenges. And they'll need to review
privacy policies with an eye to both remote learning
and community health.
2. School operations. Schools will have to
examine every aspect of the school day-from
classroom spaces to class schedules-and adjust to
address new public-health guidance. Gaps in meal
service and distribution plans should be assessed
and strengthened. And as for transportation, schools
need to devise plans that reflect physical-distancing
protocols. All of this will have obvious implications
for staffing and costs and is a budget line that
Washington should help address.

3. Whole-child supports. Students are
experiencing the pandemic in different ways with
many going through significant trauma from school
closures, friends and family members lost to the
virus, and the insecurity created from parents
losing jobs. Social-emotional learning and trauma
supports will be critical not only during this period
of remote learning but also in the next academic
years.
4. School personnel. Many educators may be
vulnerable to COVID-19, raising questions about
how to protect them. Meanwhile, districts and
teachers' unions should work together to revisit
aspects of their labor agreements to help schools
adapt to social distancing and to ensure that
vulnerable teachers are able to work in ways that
are safe and productive. And as school budgets,
responsibilities, and models evolve, schools and
districts must be prepared to re-evaluate their
staffing needs.
5. Academics. Disrupting the school year has
created broad academic challenges for students,
particularly those most vulnerable before the
crisis occurred. Schools should prepare for
possible intermittent closures next year and have
a continuity-of-learning plan in place that serves
all kids with either online resources or printed
materials. And states need to consider potential
assessment challenges, including the implications
for traditional accountability measures.
6. Distance learning. The sudden shift to
remote learning in the spring revealed the stark
challenges students faced if they were unable to
connect to the online content or video conferences
with their teachers. The coming months provide an
opportunity to assess what worked and didn't work
with remote learning, address home-connectivity
gaps, and provide teachers the training they need
to succeed next year.
This is a moment when all of us-educators,
families, and communities-must find ways
to ensure that children get back the schools,
experiences, and relationships so important to
their young lives. America's schools have the
opportunity to give children the things that
are uniquely possible in the brick-and-mortar
schoolhouse while exploring new ways to more
fully use technology and community partnerships.
When schools get the green light to go, they need
to be ready. That work starts now. n

EDUCATION WEEK | May 13 , 2020 | www.edweek.org/go/opinion | 19


http://www.edweek.org/go/opinion

Education Week - May 13, 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - May 13, 2020

Education Week - May 13, 2020
Collapse: Coronavirus Will Make Inequalities in Public Schools Even Worse
Briefly Stated
Remembering 18-Year-Old Who Died From Coronavirus
‘Summer Melt’ Could Be a Flood As Seniors Shift College Plans
Schools Struggle to Meet Students’ Mounting Mental-Health Needs
7 Big Issues for Unions and Districts in Remote Teaching Agreements
District Hard-Hit by COVID-19 Begins ‘Tough Work’ of Getting On
Right-to-Education Ruling Jolts Advocacy World
Teachers Without Internet Work In Parking Lots, Empty School Building During COVID-19
What We Can Still Learn From Hurricane Katrina
A Blueprint for Reopening Schools This Fall
The Sleeping Giant: Emotional Trauma
Letters to the Editor
EdWeek Top School Jobs
Education Week - May 13, 2020 - Collapse: Coronavirus Will Make Inequalities in Public Schools Even Worse
Education Week - May 13, 2020 - 2
Education Week - May 13, 2020 - Briefly Stated
Education Week - May 13, 2020 - 4
Education Week - May 13, 2020 - Remembering 18-Year-Old Who Died From Coronavirus
Education Week - May 13, 2020 - ‘Summer Melt’ Could Be a Flood As Seniors Shift College Plans
Education Week - May 13, 2020 - 7
Education Week - May 13, 2020 - Schools Struggle to Meet Students’ Mounting Mental-Health Needs
Education Week - May 13, 2020 - 9
Education Week - May 13, 2020 - 10
Education Week - May 13, 2020 - 7 Big Issues for Unions and Districts in Remote Teaching Agreements
Education Week - May 13, 2020 - 12
Education Week - May 13, 2020 - 13
Education Week - May 13, 2020 - District Hard-Hit by COVID-19 Begins ‘Tough Work’ of Getting On
Education Week - May 13, 2020 - 15
Education Week - May 13, 2020 - Right-to-Education Ruling Jolts Advocacy World
Education Week - May 13, 2020 - Teachers Without Internet Work In Parking Lots, Empty School Building During COVID-19
Education Week - May 13, 2020 - What We Can Still Learn From Hurricane Katrina
Education Week - May 13, 2020 - The Sleeping Giant: Emotional Trauma
Education Week - May 13, 2020 - Letters to the Editor
Education Week - May 13, 2020 - 21
Education Week - May 13, 2020 - 22
Education Week - May 13, 2020 - EdWeek Top School Jobs
Education Week - May 13, 2020 - 24
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