Education Week - May 11, 2016 - (Page 7)

Guaranteed Services "I really wanted to study math and English when I got here," said Candelario, who grew up speaking Spanish and the indigenous language Quiche. He is applying for permission to stay in the country permanently. Natalia Powers, a spokeswoman for the Shelby County school system, which includes Memphis, said her district allows students 16 and older to choose to enroll in a GED program, and that once the program closed, students could continue studying in a "similar" program at a local nonprofit. But lawyers and advocates say their clients weren't given the choice to attend a mainstream high school, and that the nonprofit did not teach English. America's public schools remain one of the few government institutions where migrant youths are guaranteed services, but the federal government has extended lit- Candelario Jimon Alonzo, at his home in Memphis, Tenn., came to the United States after fleeing Guatemala. Local school officials have kept the 16-year-old out of the classroom since he tried to enroll in January. until at least the 8th grade or until they turn 16 under compulsory education laws in all 50 states. Students can enroll beyond that age in many states. Some districts have gone to great lengths to accommodate the students, who often come to join relatives, sometimes escaping criminal gangs or extreme poverty. One in rural Kan- sas rerouted a school bus to ensure a group of unaccompanied teenagers made it to class. In March 2015, federal officials made $14 million in grants available for county school districts in which the government placed more than 50 unaccompanied minors. But that amounts to less than $175 for each unaccompanied child placed in those counties since October 2013, which many districts say leaves them to cover too much of the cost. Copyright 2016 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed. Multiple Barriers To determine where that was not happening, the AP analyzed federal data to identify areas where the number of migrant children was relatively large when compared with public school enrollment, along with the number of students formally learning English. In Alabama, California, Florida, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Tennessee, Texas, and South Carolina, social workers and lawyers told AP that migrant students have been barred from enrolling, kept out of class for months, or routed to reform schools and adult programs. The full extent of how the Central American minors are faring in schools is unknown because the government does not release data on counties where fewer than 50 minors have been placed, which means information was not provided for about 25,000 of the migrants. Spokeswomen for the Education and Justice departments would not say how many of the nation's roughly 14,000 school districts have been investigated for such failures. "We remain committed to working with federal partners and community-based organizations to address any issues that unaccompanied children may face in dealing with the education system," said Dorie Nolt, a spokeswoman for the Education Department. All children must attend school 1 Full-color and blackand-white reprints of EEk W n o i t a c Edu des 29 * Vol. 35, No. : Atio n's Ame ricA n educ articles and blog posts are available. Each custom-designed reprint is formatted with our logo and printed onto quality 8½ x 11 paper! $4 Educ ation * rial Proje cts in * © 2016 Edito of reco rd new spAp er ctions Digital Dire April 27, 2016 s dAilY bre Akin g new Court Si With Student On Title IX n Could Affect Federal Decisio er Policies School Transgend By evie Blad Week Candelario Jimon Alonzo came to the United States dreaming of becoming something more than what seemed possible along the rutted roads of his hometown in Guatemala. He could earn a U.S. high school education and eventually become a teacher. Instead, the 16-year-old spends most days alone in the tumbledown Memphis house where he lives with his uncle, leaving only occasionally to play soccer and pick up what English he can from friends. Local school officials have kept Candelario out of the classroom since he tried to enroll in January. Lawyers say Candelario and at least a dozen other migrant youths fleeing violence in Central America have been blocked from going to Memphis high schools because officials contend the teenagers lacked transcripts or were too old to graduate on time. The Associated Press has found that in at least 35 districts in 14 states, hundreds of unaccompanied minors from El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras have been discouraged from enrolling in schools or pressured into what advocates and lawyers argue are separate but unequal alternative programs-essentially an academic dead end, and one that can violate federal law. Instead of enrolling Candelario and the other minors in high school, the cash-strapped district routed them to an adult school in East Memphis that offered English classes a few hours a week. But before Candelario could even register, the state shut down the GED and English-language programs over concerns that few students were graduating, effectively ending his chances for a formal education. for Education Associated Press Memphis, Tenn. n Thibodeaux By Garance Burke & Adrian Sainz tle money or oversight to monitor whether that happens, in part because schools are locally governed. Since fall 2013, the federal government has placed nearly 104,000 unaccompanied minors with adult sponsors in communities nationwide, where they are expected to attend school while they seek legal status in immigration court. Months later, during the dramatic surge of illegal crossings at the border, the U.S. departments of Education and Justice issued joint guidance reminding districts that a 1982 U.S. Supreme Court ruling requires public schools to enroll all students, regardless of immigration status. Districts must provide appropriate language-assistance services so students can participate equally in the standard instructional program within a reasonable period of time. Districts that don't comply can be forced to change their enrollment policies, but making that happen is not easy. To start, few migrant children understand their rights. Students and their advocates can sue districts or file complaints with federal authorities, but investigations are backlogged and typically result in civil penalties, said Lisa Carmona, a senior attorney with the nonprofit Southern Poverty Law Center. Many local districts found resources and staff to meet the needs of these students, who often carry emotional trauma, have gaps in their education, and are older than other English-language learners. ion to als court's decis who A federal appe ent sgender stud side with a tran l restricted his restschoo ing imsued after his each far-r have room access could ls around the country plications for schoo on this did legal clarity that have lacke r visive issue. calle d "a majo was sion ian & The deci by the Gay, Lesb t" poin ing and it turn catio n Netw ork, ssions Stra ight Edu the tone for discu der could help set sgen tions for tran about accommoda e, school law experts nwid students natio said. e in Virict court judg to the A federal distr he did not defer ginia erred when Education's interprent of U.S. Departme ed under creat n latio regu tation that a Amendments of ation Educ the a threeTitle IX of gender identity, Court it 1972 applies to the 4th U.S. Circu judge panel of said in a Richmond, Va., of Appeals, in week. the 2-1 decision last l llate pane sent The federal appe the lower court to to original case back l of a preliminary indenia m, a reconsider its Grim n Gavi d allow junction that woul in Gloucester County, nt high school stude at school. boy's restroom iVa., to use the but he now ident girl a born Grimm was pAge 15> Photos by Brando Hundreds denied equal access to K-12 Karen Pulfer Focht/AP Migrant Students Kept Out of Schools, AP Investigation Finds um of Art. to the Dallas Muse gs. recent field trip ings of their findin a vase during a and then do draw Texas, sketches gh the museum High School in nger hunt throu at Plano Senior scave a nt uct stude cond ry , to Art Histo l tools, below right Hope Yen, an AP digita other and es Students use iPhon edia Images, Multim Better Online w Look Ne n io at uc Ed y Give Art Histor By Leo Doran year, AP Art e of an academic Over the cours students to remust get their History teachers and intellectually to works ly spond emotional or historic sites ries galle in found that are often away. thousands of miles course covers pieces that vel a Warriors, The college-le Qin's Terra Cott include Emperor ince, and Cara a's Shaanxi prov which hangs Chin in d burie of St. Matthew," cesi, a few vaggio's "Calling Fran of San Luigi dei in the church e. 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Spar on, not only comm ardized tests is emic Cheating on stand term effects on students' acad longit can also have nts pass outcomes. ting to help stude gling chea , otion strug Like social prom those who are test can allow the next a high-stakes like moving to dural hurdles, try to to get over proce it can hurt them when they but ding to later on, accor level in school, difficult material Georgia, more and to move New York ile on students in -prof rch high t resea recen new were rocked by two states that alies cheating scandals. ts exposed widespread anom the repor science tests, In 2011, news and math Regents y corein New York State required at the end of man tests anomalies standardized graduate. The for students to pAge 14> subject classes down in Iowa Funding Show Reserves l Vergara Reversa s, Leaves Question ns Equity Concer chuk By Stephen Saw dolla rs thou sand s of Desp ite the and con, y PR, both pro spent on gloss ia case, ara v. 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"I thin has made sever e here books next year the district's reserves. and appeals decision principle at stak the and y , of soph state's philo be worth the same $2.7 million out chalthings clear. h he bases on the Dav- Every student should ely to stop legal g ours are wort It's an amount First, it is unlik 's teacher-employwhich leaves state is sayin ula, the form and ing ornia ent 1971 fund uits lenges to Calif to spend per stud ty edumuch less." ugh future laws enport $175 less other districts. the state's depu ment laws, altho Second, ems But Jeff Berger, a different tack. compared to some controls how much Davenport's probl could well take pAge 13> ly n director, said ators The state tight ing into catio that its administr 20> spend, and dipp pAge stem from the fact out districts can with gs accounts emergency savin strictly forbidden. Ofis state permission (301) 280-3100 / EDUCATION WEEK | May 11, 2016 | | 7

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - May 11, 2016

Education Week - May 11, 2016
Bungling Student Names: A Slight That Stings
Popularity of Ed Tech Often Not Linked to Products’ Impact
As ESSA Rolls Out, State Officials Vow To Hear Local Voices
Rich Districts Post Widest Racial Gaps
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Study Says Teachers Feel Stressed, Discounted
Amid Rocky Start, College-Access Coalition Hires First Director
Migrant Students Kept Out of Schools, AP Investigation Finds
Scores Decline for Low-Performers On 12th Grade NAEP
National Survey Shows Rise in Student Safety
Blogs of the Week
Education Funding a Key Factor In Illinois Budget Showdown
ESSA Paves Way for Deeper Access to Wealth of K-12 Data
Blogs of the Week
Relative Motion In Education
Education Policy Should Address Student Poverty
Quality Physical Education Is a Life Changer
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
‘People Support What They Create’: Stakeholder Engagement Is Key to ESSA’s Future

Education Week - May 11, 2016