Education Week - May 11, 2016 - (Page 5)

REPORT ROUNDUP STUDENT ENROLLMENT applicants have little or no teaching experience. Officials said more than 8,300 people from 98 countries have registered on the department website, and nearly 5,000 of them have completed their applications. The department is expected to have as many as 1,600 vacancies next school year and has sent recruitment teams to meet with applicants throughout the United States. -AP Agreement Reached For Arizona ELLs At the behest of the federal government, the Arizona education department will take steps to correct civil rights violations that have affected thousands of K-12 Englishlanguage learners. The U.S. departments of Justice and Education found that, since the 2012-13 school year, the state has failed to properly identify English-learners and prematurely labeled others as fluent in English, cutting off their access to language-assistance programs. The settlement requires the state to raise its standards for the reading and writing tests it uses to determine English proficiency. It must also ensure that districts offer language-support services to thousands of students who were prematurely moved out of programs or incorrectly identified as English proficient. -COREY MITCHELL Pa. Teacher Faces Trial For Urging Student Walkout A former charter school teacher is set for trial on dozens of summary charges of corruption of minors after encouraging hundreds of students to walk out of school in Allentown, Pa., last year. Michael Frassetto, 29, allegedly encouraged students at the Medical Academy Charter School to walk out in September to call for better treatment of minorities and more textbooks and other supplies. He has said that the walkouts were in the best interests of the students, and that he merely helped them speak up for themselves. The district has said encouraging truancy is an unlawful disruption of the educational process. -AP Wis. Police Kill Gunman Outside School Prom Police seized spent ammunition, a gun sling, and journals from the home of an 18-year-old who opened fire on students at a prom at his former school in northern Wisconsin before being fatally shot by an officer, court records show. Jakob Wagner was shot multiple times to stop the attack. He was taken to a hospital where he was pronounced dead. Officers were checking cars in the Antigo High School parking lot last month when Wagner opened fire and wounded two people as they left the dance, according to police. One 18-year-old male student was struck in the leg, and a bullet grazed his date's thigh. Both are recovering. Authorities haven't revealed a motive in the case, but people who knew Wagner have said he was bullied. -AP Low Enrollment Spells End for STEM High School The first science-focused high school on Long Island, N.Y., is slated to close in June because of a $1 million budget gap and low enrollment. The Doshi STEM Institute, which focuses on science, technology, engineering, and mathematics, opened in 2013. Its closing will affect 46 students in grades 9-11, one-quarter less than what was needed to keep the school going. The projected enrollment for the 2016-17 academic year was only 50 students. -AP | TRANSITIONS | James H. Shelton, a former U.S. deputy secretary of education, will head the education efforts of the multibillion-dollar philanthropic organization created last fall by Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg and his wife, pediatrician Priscilla Chan. Shelton departed the Education Department last summer to become the president and chief impact officer of 2U Inc., an education technology company. He previously worked as a program director at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and as a partner at the NewSchools Venture Fund. Sonja Santelises, a former chief academic officer in the Baltimore district, will become CEO as of July 1. She replaces Gregory Thornton, who came to the district in 2014. Santelises is the vice president of K-12 policy and practice at the Education Trust, a Washington-based education policy organization. She also served as an assistant superintendent of pilot schools and assistant superintendent in charge of professional development in the Boston school system. "Digest of Education Statistics 2014" After relatively flat enrollment through the end of the 2000s, public K-12 enrollment started to tick up again in 2014, according to the federal government's latest Digest of Education Statistics. In it, the National Center for Education Statistics predicts total K-12 enrollment will continue to grow from 55 million students today to an alltime high of 57.9 million by 2024, with secondary school enrollment rising 3 percent in that period. "The elementary enrollments have been primarily about demographics," because more children overall are being born and 99 percent of children in the age group for elementary grades are enrolled, said Tom Snyder, the NCES program director for annual reports like the digest. "But in terms of high school, we've had increased graduation rates, so more young people are remaining in school longer, too." The rate of 16- to 24-year-olds who had not completed high school and were not in school dropped from 12.1 percent in 1990 to 6.8 percent in 2013. -SARAH D. SPARKS TESTING "Make Assessment Work for All Students: Multiple Measures Matter" Parents, students, teachers, and administrators place greater value on classroom tests and formative assessments than they do on summative tests used for accountability, according to a survey. The results, from a Gallup poll released last week, reflect a view reported widely: that families and educators find statewide accountability testing to have limited value. It was commissioned by the Northwest Evaluation Association, which has a keen interest in these matters: The NWEA is the maker of the widely used MAP formative assessments. Gallup examined the attitudes of 4,200 students, parents, teachers, principals, and superintendents. -CATHERINE GEWERTZ EARLY-CHILDHOOD TEACHERS "Leading Colorado's Early Care and Education Workforce" Early educators, including center directors, make far less than other Colorado professionals with similar degrees, says a report by Qualistar Colorado and the Women's Foundation of Colorado. Most early-childhood teachers in that state earn between $20,800 and $31,200 per year, according to survey results summarized in the report, which was released last month. That means salaries only meet the standards for a self-sufficient wage in one Colorado county. Average salaries are higher when school leaders are included, but still below the bar for selfsufficiency, the report notes. The early education workforce in Colorado is 97 percent female and 86 percent white. About 40 percent of early educators hold a bachelor's degree, but more than half of those degrees are in an unrelated field. -LILLIAN MONGEAU TEENAGE PREGNANCY "Reduced Disparities in Birth Rates Among Teens Ages 15-19 in the U.S." Births to American teenagers have dropped 40 percent in the past decade, hitting an all-time low in 2014, according to the most recent federal data released last week. But the U.S. teenage-pregnancy rate is still "substantially higher" than in other Western, industrialized nations, the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said. In 2014, a total of 249,078 babies were born to girls ages 15 to 19, a birthrate of 24.2 per 1,000 teenage girls, the CDC reports. That represents an historic low for U.S. teenagers and a drop of 9 percent from 2013. 'Balanced' Technology Diet Prescribed for Teens, Parents "Technology Addiction: Concern, Controversy, and Finding Balance" Although researchers have yet to reach a consensus on whether 'Internet addiction' is real, parents are increasingly-and justifiably-concerned about their children's technology and media usage, according to a new report released last week by Common Sense Media. The tonic, the report suggests, is a "balanced" technology diet for children that includes tech-free times and zones. Common Sense also recommends that parents and caregivers put down their own phones while driving, at the dinner table, and during family time. The report consists of a literature review of more than 180 journal articles, press accounts, interviews, books, and industry papers on the topic, as well as a new, nationally representative phone survey of 620 mobile-phone-using parents and 620 of their mobilephone-using children between the ages of 12 and 18. Among the findings: * Fifty-nine percent of parents-but just 27 percent of teenagers-feel that teens are addicted to their mobile devices. * Seventy-eight percent of teens check their devices at least hourly, compared to 69 percent of parents. * Roughly one-third of both parents and teens said they argued about device use daily, and more than three-fourths of parents reported feeling that their teens are distracted by devices and don't pay attention to family members at least a few times per week. The report also notes, however, that researchers have not established any formal link between social media usage and decreasing empathy among teens. And it says research is limited on the developmental impact of extensive Internet and mobile device usage on tweens and teens. -BENJAMIN HEROLD Pregnancy rates for Hispanic and black teenagers, which fell 51 percent and 44 percent, respectively, contributed to the overall drop, the CDC found. But nationally, birthrates remain twice as high for teenagers in those groups as they are for white teenagers, the agency said, adding "in some states, birth rates among Hispanic and black teens were more than three times as high as those of whites." Public-health advocates credit a variety of factors for the declining teenage-pregnancy rate, including expanded access to contraceptive information outside of schools, more teenagers choosing to delay sexual activity, improved sex education programs in some areas, and access to long-term contraceptives like intrauterine devices. -EVIE BLAD PHYSICAL EDUCATION "2016 Shape of the Nation" A new report finds that most states are lagging behind when it comes to meeting recommendations for physical education. Only Oregon and the District of Columbia require the amount of weekly physical education time recommended by national experts at the elementary and middle school levels, the report found. SHAPE America (Society of Health and Physical Educators) and Voices for Healthy Kids, a joint initiative of the American Heart Association and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, produced the study. The authors recommend that elementary schools provide students with 150 minutes per week of instructional P.E., while middle and high schools should provide 225 minutes per week. But only 37 percent of states require that a specific amount of time be spent in gym class in elementary school. That percentage drops to 29 percent in middle and high schools. And 62 percent of states permit schools to allow students to substitute other activities for physical education. -MARVA HINTON EDUCATION WEEK | May 11, 2016 | | 5

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - May 11, 2016

Education Week - May 11, 2016
Bungling Student Names: A Slight That Stings
Popularity of Ed Tech Often Not Linked to Products’ Impact
As ESSA Rolls Out, State Officials Vow To Hear Local Voices
Rich Districts Post Widest Racial Gaps
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Study Says Teachers Feel Stressed, Discounted
Amid Rocky Start, College-Access Coalition Hires First Director
Migrant Students Kept Out of Schools, AP Investigation Finds
Scores Decline for Low-Performers On 12th Grade NAEP
National Survey Shows Rise in Student Safety
Blogs of the Week
Education Funding a Key Factor In Illinois Budget Showdown
ESSA Paves Way for Deeper Access to Wealth of K-12 Data
Blogs of the Week
Relative Motion In Education
Education Policy Should Address Student Poverty
Quality Physical Education Is a Life Changer
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
‘People Support What They Create’: Stakeholder Engagement Is Key to ESSA’s Future

Education Week - May 11, 2016