Education Week - May 8, 2019 - 6

Girls Outshine Boys on Test
Of Tech, Engineering Skills
By Benjamin Herold
The country's 8th graders improved their
scores on a national technology and engineering exam, with girls significantly outpacing
boys and most gains seen among higher-performing students.
Overall, scores on the National Assessment of
Educational Progress in Technology and Engineering Literacy (TEL) in 2018 were two points
higher than when the National Center for Education Statistics first administered the exam in
2014. The share of students scoring proficient or
above rose from 43 percent to 46 percent.
"Girls have done extremely well in this assessment," said Peggy G. Carr, the associate
commissioner of assessment at NCES. "We did
not see improvement at the lower-end of our
ability distribution."
The TEL exam is administered every four
years. Between January and March of 2018,
15,400 8th graders in about 600 schools took
the assessment, which is given on laptop
computers.
The test uses a mix of multiple-choice questions and scenario-based performance tasks. A
sample task might involve students figuring
out how to promote a fictional recreation center for teenagers-first selecting audio clips for
a podcast, then identifying the key facts that
will resonate with a target audience and giving constructive feedback to digital "partners."
The goal is to gauge not just students' technical skills, but their ability to work well with
others to solve real-world problems-an approach that outside observers such as Melissa
Tooley, the director of the educator quality
program at New America, a Washington think
tank, described as encouraging good instruction and the development of abilities that are
necessary for workplace success.
It was on these skills that girls dramatically
outperformed boys, outscoring them by nearly
8 points on practices related to "communicating and collaborating." Boys were particularly
poor, for example, at properly crediting other
people for their work and ideas, something
they were significantly less likely to say they
learned about or discussed in school.
"It suggests that maybe boys could do better, and this is a path forward for them, if we
could help them improve in this area," said
Carr of NCES.

Encouraging Growth
Big-picture, the TEL exam is an outgrowth
of two big trends in K-12: efforts to expand
the pipeline of students into STEM (science,
technology, engineering, and math) fields, and
experiments with new forms of digital assessment that aim to measure students' problemsolving processes.
But TEL isn't limited to students who aim
to become engineers or computer scientists.
And one of the purported benefits of its scenario-based tasks is that educators can't teach
specifically to the test.
Instead, the exam "is designed to address
how well students have mastered the processes and tools they need to participate intelligently and thoughtfully in the world around
them," according to a frequently asked questions document released by the National Center for Education Statistics.
On that front, the widespread TEL gains are
"fantastic," said Tooley of New America.
For all 8th graders, scores on content
related to developing, maintaining, and
troubleshooting new technologies were up
3 points. Scores on content related to understanding the effects of technology on soci-

ety were up an average of 2 points. So were
scores related to students' ability to solve
problems with technology.
One factor that may have contributed to
the improvements: meaningful changes since
2014 in the technology- and engineering-related learning experiences students are having, both in and out of school.
In a survey administered along with the TEL
exam, for example, students who said they frequently take things apart to see how they work
performed roughly 10 points better on content
related to "designs and systems" than students
who did not report such experiences.
Similarly, students who reported taking at
least one course in a topic such as robotics or
computer coding scored 8 points higher than
peers who did not have such a course under
their belts.

"

It suggests that maybe boys
could do better, and this
is a path forward for them,
if we could help them
improve in this area."

43%

IMPROVING
TECHNOLOGY
AND
ENGINEERING
SKILLS

46%

A rising percentage
of U.S. 8th graders
scored proficient on a
federal assessment of
their technology and
engineering literacy
2014

A GROWING
GENDER GAP
8th grade girls
continue to
outperform boys on
the NAEP TEL exam

2018

300
158
Proficient

153

147

157

149

PEGGY G. CARR
Associate Commissioner of Assessment, NCES

Here, though, the survey also identified significant gaps in the opportunities available to
students from different groups.
Overall, 57 percent of 8th graders said
they'd taken at least one technology- or engineering-related course, compared with 52
percent four years earlier.
But students living in poverty were significantly less likely to take such classes than
more affluent students. Tooley said that could
be the result of parents in better-resourced
communities actively requesting project-based
learning opportunities in technology and engineering for their children.
And despite their overall strong performance, girls continued to be less likely to take
tech-related classes than boys.
"The message to [school] administrators is
that we need to encourage girls to take more
of these technology and engineering courses,"
said Carr of NCES. "If students take at least
one of those courses, they do better."

2014

* Female

STUDENTS
WHO TAKE
TECH,
ENGINEERING
COURSES
PERFORM
BETTER
More students are
taking technologyand engineering-related
courses, and those who
do score better on the
TEL exam

Achievement Gaps Remain
Other big gaps were also evident in the TEL
results.
Asian, Black, and white students all performed better on the exam in 2018 than they
did four years earlier. But the average scores
among Asian (169) and white (163) students
continued to dramatically outpace the average scores among Black (132) and Hispanic
(139) students.
Students who are eligible for the National
School Lunch Program, a measure of poverty,
also scored nearly 30 points lower than students who were not eligible for the program.
And students in private Catholic schools
outperformed students in traditional public
and charter schools.
What kinds of specific skills separated students who scored well on the TEL exam from
those who didn't?
Nearly all high performers were able to

6 | EDUCATION WEEK | May 8, 2019 | www.edweek.org

2018

* Male

300
158
Proficient

156

Students who took
a related course
(57% of all test-takers)

148

Students who did not
take a related course
(43% of all test-takers)

SOURCE: NAEP

"describe one way the environment could benefit from the use of simplified packaging for
a product that is sold online," compared with
just one-fourth of low-performers.
Likewise, just one in 5 of the lowest-performing students correctly identified copyrighted
images that could legally be used on a website,
compared with 4 in 5 high performers.
Particularly concerning, NCES officials said,
is that the scores of the lowest-performing
students on the TEL exam stayed flat since
2014. That mirrors trends in other subject
areas covered by the National Assessment of
Educational Progress, often referred to as "the

nation's report card."
That pattern "warrants additional investigation by the instructional and research communities," said NCES Commissioner James
"Lynn" Woodworth in a statement.
NCES hopes to expand the TEL exam to
4th and 12th grades, saying there is significant enthusiasm around the exam. But financial considerations will play a role in the
decision, which will ultimately be made the
National Assessment Governing Board, comprised of governors, state and local lawmakers, and others. A decision is expected later
this year.



Education Week - May 8, 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - May 8, 2019

Education Week - May 8, 2019
CITIZEN Z: How Schools Undercut Their Own Civics Lessons
A Slow Build for Reporting On ESSA Data
The Battle Over Who Gets Into Elite Public Schools
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Girls Outshine Boys on Test of Tech, Engineering Skills
Career-Tech Ed Drawing Higher Achievers, College Goers
House Democrats Seek $4.4 Billion Ed. Dept. Increase
Trump Meets With Teacher Honorees, Even as Two Boycott
Lindsay J. Friedman: The Enduring Relevance of Holocaust Education
Kathy Liu Sun: How to Solve Our Math Worksheet Problem
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - May 8, 2019 - The Battle Over Who Gets Into Elite Public Schools
Education Week - May 8, 2019 - 2
Education Week - May 8, 2019 - 3
Education Week - May 8, 2019 - Report Roundup
Education Week - May 8, 2019 - 5
Education Week - May 8, 2019 - Girls Outshine Boys on Test of Tech, Engineering Skills
Education Week - May 8, 2019 - Career-Tech Ed Drawing Higher Achievers, College Goers
Education Week - May 8, 2019 - 8
Education Week - May 8, 2019 - 9
Education Week - May 8, 2019 - 10
Education Week - May 8, 2019 - 11
Education Week - May 8, 2019 - 12
Education Week - May 8, 2019 - 13
Education Week - May 8, 2019 - House Democrats Seek $4.4 Billion Ed. Dept. Increase
Education Week - May 8, 2019 - Trump Meets With Teacher Honorees, Even as Two Boycott
Education Week - May 8, 2019 - 16
Education Week - May 8, 2019 - 17
Education Week - May 8, 2019 - Lindsay J. Friedman: The Enduring Relevance of Holocaust Education
Education Week - May 8, 2019 - 19
Education Week - May 8, 2019 - Letters
Education Week - May 8, 2019 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - May 8, 2019 - 22
Education Week - May 8, 2019 - 23
Education Week - May 8, 2019 - 24
Education Week - May 8, 2019 - CW1
Education Week - May 8, 2019 - CW2
Education Week - May 8, 2019 - CW3
Education Week - May 8, 2019 - CW4
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