Education Week - May 6, 2015 - 9

GED Revisions Spur Bumpy Year for Equivalency Exams
Competitors, fears
muddle process
By Caralee J. Adams
The transition last year to a
newer, more rigorous General Educational
Development exam was
rocky at first for students of Kathryn
Stoecker, a ged-prep coordinator
in Lansing, Mich.
Despite her efforts to focus less on
facts and more on critical thinking,
Ms. Stoecker said, just one student
in her program passed the test,
which was revised to align with new
college and career standards.
In fact, it was a bumpy year for ged
test-taking all across the country last
year, according to experts. In 2013,
before the exam changed, there was a
surge in test-taking in most states-
including Michigan-followed by a
big drop-off last year. Although the
ged has been revised before, experts
say last year was more disruptive
than most transition years.
"This is what happens when you
change a test," said Lennox L. McLendon,
the executive director of the
Washington-based National Council
of State Directors of Adult Education.
"In the first year of the new test, we've
cleared the pipeline, and now we have
to scurry and get more people to come
in. They've heard the test is harder,
and they don't want to do it. "
When the nonprofit American
Council on Education partnered with
the for-profit Pearson Education for
the 2014 update, some officials balked
at the higher price and the switch to
computer-based testing, so they sought
alternatives. In response, the Educational
Testing Service introduced the
High School Equivalency Test, or
Hiset, and McGraw-Hill Education
ctb came out with the Test Assessing
Secondary Completion, or tasc.
Drop in Test-Taking
Most states stuck with the ged, but
increasingly states are offering students
a choice. In late March, Illinois
became the latest to add the Hiset
and tasc to the ged. The fluid situation
confused some students about
which test to take, prompted teachers
to ramp up instruction to meet
the higher standards, and spurred
testing companies to try to educate
everyone about the changes.
In 2014, the volume of high-schoolequivalency
testing dropped by about
50 percent, compared with a typical
year, according to the state adult
education directors' group. About
223,000 students took the ged last
year, with a passing rate of 62.8
percent, down from nearly 76 percent
in 2013 and 69 percent in 2012.
Another 43,000 took the tasc, with
59 percent passing; 50,000 took the
Hiset, with a 62 percent pass rate.
In 32 states and the District of
Columbia, the ged is the only highschool-competency
test given; eight
states offer it alongside others. The
Hiset is given in 15 states (exclusively
in seven and as a choice in eight others).
Three states give only the tasc;
another seven offer it as an option.
Larry Gorski prepares to take the
TASC toward his high-schoolequivalency
diploma in an adult
education class in Cheektowaga,
N.Y. The GED was revised last year,
opening the way for competing tests,
such as the TASC, to take hold.
Randy Trask, the president and
chief executive officer of the ged
Testing Service, which has offices
in Washington and in Bloomington,
Minn., said that participation was
less than the company had hoped
for, but that the transition went
well, considering the scope of the
change. He acknowledged concerns
and delays in publishers getting
newly aligned materials to market.
With more professional development
for instructors, Mr. Trask said,
teachers are beginning to get on
board, and pass rates are increasing.
"Anytime you impose change, it's like
a mourning process," he said.
'Wide Open' Market
Ellen M. Haley, the president of
McGraw-Hill Education ctb, based
in Monterey, Calif., said her company
has been working to build awareness
of tasc and on getting the public to
understand that students don't earn
a "ged," but rather that states confer
high-school-equivalency certificates
based on one of three tests.
"With so many [requests for proposals]
coming up, I think all three
tests will become the standard in
states quickly," said Ms. Haley.
New York offers only the tasc,
at no charge to students, and tests
didn't start until last April. Kevin G.
Smith, the deputy commissioner for
adult career and continuing education
in New York state, said a phasein
period was needed.
"No one thought we could just
flip the switch and be all computerbased,"
he said.
Many states didn't switch to the
new Hiset until the middle of 2014,
EDUCATION WEEK | May 6, 2015 | www.edweek.org | 9
hurting last year's testing volume,
said Amy L. Riker, the national
executive director of Hiset, which
is produced by the Princeton, N.J.based
ets. She expects more states
will expand exam choices for students.
"We feel the market is wide
open," she said.
Adapting to Change
The changes are coming as federal
appropriations for adult education,
now about $564 million a year, have
dropped 25 percent in real dollars,
says Jeff Carter, the president of the
National Coalition for Literacy, a
Washington-based organization that
represents national and regional
groups advancing adult education
and family literacy.
"Our system is significantly
weaker compared to the last time
we went through this kind of a
transition," he said. With such a
drop in adult education enrollment
and test-taking, Mr. Carter wonders
if students will come back. "These
are not just numbers, these are real
people," he said. "Who knows how
many will give up in frustration?"
In Nevada, which offers all three
tests, Brad Deeds, the state highschool-equivalency
administrator,
said the choice has been good for students,
and posters are up at testing
centers to explain test differences.
"We had fewer questions than we
were anticipating," Mr. Deeds said.
Ohio is considering offering the
Hiset and tasc in addition to the
ged, according to Gary W. Cates, a
senior vice chancellor for the Ohio
board of regents who oversees the
state Adult Basic and Literacy Education
program. Mr. Cates said he's
hearing complaints from students
and instructors that the new ged
"overshoots the target" with higher
standards when many test-takers
just need the credential.
Ms. Stoecker of Michigan believes
the more-rigorous version of the ged
was needed. "The ged is no longer
the end point," she said. "Some postsecondary
education is necessary,
and these are the skills needed to be
successful in that training."
Coverage of the implementation of college
and career-ready standards is supported
in part by a grant from the Bill &
Melinda Gates Foundation. Education
Week retains sole editorial control over
the content of this coverage.
The COLLEGE BOUND blog tracks news and
trends on this issue. www.edweek.org/go/
curriculummatters
Carolyn Thompson/AP
http://www.edweek.org/go/curriculummatters http://www.edweek.org/go/curriculummatters http://www.edweek.org/go/21trends http://www.edweek.org/go/21trends http://www.edweek.org

Education Week - May 6, 2015

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - May 6, 2015

Education Week - May 6, 2015
Some Balk as Testing Rolls Ahead
Nevada Exams Hit Tech Trouble
Science Standards Pop Up in Districts
Undocumented Students Strive to Adapt
State Takeover Gives Mass. District a Fresh Start
Contents
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Chicago Schools Probe Prompts AASA to End Alliance With Firm
Researchers Target Ways to Design Better Mathematics Text Materials
GED Revisions Spur Bumpy Year for Equivalency Exams
After Baltimore Unrest, Students and Educators Seek Understanding
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: New Research Probes Frontiers of Tech Learning
Blogs of the Week
Efforts to Change Federal Aid Formulas Prove Tricky
New Research Emerges On LGBT Parents
Advocates for Special Ed., Gifted Weigh Details in ESEA Rewrite Bill
Blogs of the Week
Marriage Issue Gets Full Airing at High Court
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - State Takeover Gives Mass. District a Fresh Start
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - 2
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - Contents
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - News in Brief
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - Report Roundup
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - Chicago Schools Probe Prompts AASA to End Alliance With Firm
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - 7
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - Researchers Target Ways to Design Better Mathematics Text Materials
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - GED Revisions Spur Bumpy Year for Equivalency Exams
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - After Baltimore Unrest, Students and Educators Seek Understanding
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - 11
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: New Research Probes Frontiers of Tech Learning
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - Blogs of the Week
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - 14
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - 15
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - 16
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - 17
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - 18
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - 19
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - 20
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - 21
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - New Research Emerges On LGBT Parents
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - 23
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - Blogs of the Week
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - Marriage Issue Gets Full Airing at High Court
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - 26
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - 27
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - Letters
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - 29
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - 31
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - 32
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - CT1
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - CT2
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - CT3
Education Week - May 6, 2015 - CT4
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