Education Week - April 27, 2016 - (Page 1)

Education Week VOL. 35, NO. 29 * APRIL 27, 2016 AMERICAN EDUCATION'S NEWSPAPER OF RECORD * © 2016 Editorial Projects in Education * $ 4  BRE AKING NEWS DAILY Court Sides With Student On Title IX DIGITAL DIRECTIONS Federal Decision Could Affect School Transgender Policies Photos by Brandon Thibodeaux for Education Week By Evie Blad Hope Yen, an AP Art History student at Plano Senior High School in Texas, sketches a vase during a recent field trip to the Dallas Museum of Art. Students use iPhones and other digital tools, below right, to conduct a scavenger hunt through the museum and then do drawings of their findings. Better Online Images, Multimedia Give Art History Education New Look By Leo Doran Over the course of an academic year, AP Art History teachers must get their students to respond emotionally and intellectually to works that are often found in galleries or historic sites thousands of miles away. The college-level course covers pieces that include Emperor Qin's Terra Cotta Warriors, buried in China's Shaanxi province, and Caravaggio's "Calling of St. Matthew," which hangs in the church of San Luigi dei Francesi, a few blocks from the Pantheon in Rome. Figuring out how to virtually "transport" these creations to the classroom through photos, prints, and other means is a challenge for educators that dates back decades-even centuries. Teachers of art history have continually adapted to incorporate changes in image technology. Most recently, an array of new tools, particularly high-resolution digital images, immersive technology, and multimedia textbooks, have brought about a fun- PAGE 15> Vergara Reversal Leaves Questions, Equity Concerns PAGE 10> Cheating in N.Y.C., Ga. Found to Hurt Students By Sarah D. Sparks Cheating on standardized tests is not only common, it can also have long-term effects on students' academic outcomes. Like social promotion, cheating to help students pass a high-stakes test can allow those who are struggling to get over procedural hurdles, like moving to the next level in school, but it can hurt them when they try to move to more difficult material later on, according to new research on students in New York and Georgia, two states that were rocked by recent high-profile cheating scandals. In 2011, news reports exposed widespread anomalies in New York State Regents math and science tests, the standardized tests required at the end of many coresubject classes for students to graduate. The anomalies PAGE 14> Funding Showdown in Iowa Fed up with years of political battling over the fairness of Iowa's education funding formula, Arthur Tate, the superintendent of the Davenport public schools, says in order to balance his books next year, he will illegally pull $2.7 million out of the district's reserves. It's an amount he bases on the state's 1971 funding formula, which leaves Davenport $175 less to spend per student compared to some other districts. The state tightly controls how much districts can spend, and dipping into emergency savings accounts without state permission is strictly forbidden. Of- By Stephen Sawchuk ficials say Tate could lose his superintendent's license given by the state if he goes ahead, and the district's board members, who unanimously approved the plan this month, could be charged criminally. "I'm tired of the inequality," said Tate, the head of a district whose 15,500 students are mostly low-income, Hispanic, and black. "I think there's a higher philosophy and principle at stake here. Every student should be worth the same, and the state is saying ours are worth much less." But Jeff Berger, the state's deputy education director, said Davenport's problems stem from the fact that its administrators Despite the thousands of dollars spent on glossy PR, both pro and con, over the Vergara v. California case, last week's decision by a state appeals court to uphold teacher job protections hinged on a far less flashy factor: the arcana of California constitutional law. From the beginning, both sides in the polarizing case acknowledged that it would probably end up before the state's supreme court, and those gears are already cranking, with the plaintiffs planning to seek review there. But regardless of which way any future decision goes, the fallout from the appeals decision has made several things clear. First, it is unlikely to stop legal challenges to California's teacher-employment laws, although future lawsuits could well take a different tack. Second, PAGE 20> PAGE 13> Cash-Strapped District Vows to Break Law to Tap Reserves By Daarel Burnette II A federal appeals court's decision to side with a transgender student who sued after his school restricted his restroom access could have far-reaching implications for schools around the country that have lacked legal clarity on this divisive issue. The decision was called "a major turning point" by the Gay, Lesbian & Straight Education Network, and it could help set the tone for discussions about accommodations for transgender students nationwide, school law experts said. A federal district court judge in Virginia erred when he did not defer to the U.S. Department of Education's interpretation that a regulation created under Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 applies to gender identity, a threejudge panel of the 4th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, in Richmond, Va., said in a 2-1 decision last week. The federal appellate panel sent the original case back to the lower court to reconsider its denial of a preliminary injunction that would allow Gavin Grimm, a high school student in Gloucester County, Va., to use the boy's restroom at school. Grimm was born a girl but he now identi-

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - April 27, 2016

Education Week - April 27, 2016
Court Sides With Student on Title IX
Cheating in N.Y.C., Ga. Found to Hurt Students
Better Online Images, Multimedia Give Art History Education New Look
Vergara Reversal Leaves Questions, Equity Concerns
Funding Showdown in Iowa
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Alternate Assessments Find Niche in Spec. Ed.
Emotion May Be Key Driver of Learning, Studies Show
Parent Volunteers Help to Restore Art Lessons in Strapped Schools
Blogs of the Week
New AP Art History Curriculum Opens Doors to World
High Court Weighs Deportation Dispute
ESSA Panel Hammers Out New Regulations on Testing
Duncan Floats Fixes for K-12 Aid
Blogs of the Week
True Opportunity Is About More Than Access
To Create Practical Policies, Include Practitioners in the Process
Cellphone Addiction Is No Joke
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
How to Improve Teacher Evaluation In the Age of ESSA

Education Week - April 27, 2016