Education Week - April 25, 2018 - 9

Gary Coronado/Houston Chronicle/AP

Matt Barakat/AP

Justice High School in Falls Church, Va., shed its former name, which honored a slaveholding Confederate general, after the school board voted for the name change in 2017. Stonewall Jackson Middle
School in Houston-now known as Yolanda Black Navarro Middle School-was one of several Confederate-linked schools the district has renamed.

What is the racial composition
of the schools named for
Confederate figures?
While more white students
attend the schools than any other
single racial group, 62 percent
of the students who attend the
Confederate-named schools are
not white, and 75 of the schools
have more black and Hispanic
students than white students,
according to the Education Week
Research Center analysis.
The contrast between who
the schools are named for and
the students they serve is stark
in some places. In northeast
Arkansas, Forrest City and its
schools, where 89 percent of
students are black, are named
for Nathan Bedford Forrest, a
Confederate general who was
the first grand wizard of the Ku
Klux Klan. Schools also bear his
name in Forrest County, Miss., a
district where about 30 percent of
students are black.
Those are not the only schools
that have been named for Forrest.
In Jacksonville, Fla., the Duval
County school board changed
the name of a building named
for Forrest to Westside High
School in 2014, more than five
decades after it first opened. And
in Forrest's hometown of Chapel
Hill, Tenn., about 45 miles south
of Nashville, a combination
middle-high school still bears his
name.

How much money does it
cost to change the name
of a school?
The price tag varies from state
to state and school to school,
with some citing cost as a chief
reason not to abandon the name
of a school. In Fairfax County,
Va., school officials now estimate
that it will cost $368,000 to
change the name of J.E.B. Stuart
High, named in honor of the
Confederate general James Ewell
Brown Stuart. Initial estimates
had put the price tag at more
than a half-million dollars. The
costs will include changing school
signs, sports jerseys, and band
uniforms to reflect the school's
new name, which is Justice High.
To offset the cost, the district has
solicited more than $75,000 in
private donations.

Some residents in Houston have
not been as supportive.
A group of residents and alumni
in Houston sued the district in
an effort to halt the process of
changing the names of seven
buildings, a project that the
district now estimates would cost
about $1.2 million.
Some schools have helped cut
costs with subtle name changes.
In San Antonio, school leaders
changed the name of Robert E.
Lee High to L.E.E. High, with the
LEE serving as an acronym for
Legacy of Education Excellence.
But that decision drew criticism
from parents and students who
felt the change was inadequate
since it still carries the "Lee"
name.
In Houston, leaders took a
different approach, renaming
Sidney Lanier Middle, which
commemorated the Confederate
Army veteran, to Bob Lanier
Middle, in honor of a former
mayor of the city.

CONFEDERATE-NAMED SCHOOLS ARE MOSTLY IN THE SOUTH
Nearly 60 percent are located in four states: Texas, Virginia, Florida, and Georgia.

1

2
6

23

3

6

1

5
10

8

6

13

11

36

13

Which states are not changing
school names?
Some communities with strong
Civil War ties have been reluctant
to even consider name changes.
State laws on the books in
Alabama and South Carolina
restrict the renaming of public
schools named for Confederate
leaders.
The Alabama Memorial
Preservation Act of 2017 requires
approval by a state committee
to rename a school named or
dedicated in honor of an event,
person, group, movement or
military service. In South
Carolina, the Heritage Act, passed
in 2000, prevents the renaming
of any school named in honor of
the Confederacy or the civil rights
movement without a vote by the
legislature.
Earlier this month, the school
board in Virginia's Hanover
County voted to keep the names
and Confederate-inspired mascots
of Lee-Davis High School and
Stonewall Jackson Middle School
after a community survey showed
strong support for keeping the
names in place.
Research Analyst Alex Harwin and
Librarian Holly Peele contributed
to this report.

SOURCE: Education Week Research Center analysis of CCD Data, 2018

MAJORITY OF SCHOOLS BUILT OR NAMED AFTER 1950
Many Confederate-themed schools were built or renamed around the onset of
the civil rights movement and the 1954 Supreme Court case Brown v. Board
of Education, which ordered the desegregation of public schools.
Before 1950

32

After 1950

61

NOTE: The Research Center was unable to identify when 51 schools were named.
SOURCES: Education Week Research Center analysis of CCD Data and Southern Poverty Law Center, 2018

4% N/A

MOST SCHOOLS ARE
MAJORITY NON-WHITE
Some districts where students
are majority black and Hispanic
are in counties or towns named
for Confederate figures.

35%
Majority
White

61%
Majority
Nonwhite

MULTIMEDIA:
Explore more data
on the characteristics
of Confederate-named
schools.
www.edweek.org/go/
confederate-charts

SOURCE: Education Week Research Center analysis of CCD Data, 2018

EDUCATION WEEK | April 25, 2018 | www.edweek.org | 9


http://www.edweek.org/go/confederate-charts http://www.edweek.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - April 25, 2018

Education Week - April 25, 2018
Facing Hard Facts on College and Career
School Choice Proves Scarce in ESSA Plans
After a Shooting in Her Classroom, Teacher Re-evaluates School Safety
Pension Woes Have Teachers On Front Lines
Contents
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Discipline Gaps—and Ways to Close Them —Get Scrutiny
Parents Lash Out at District Over Shooting
Arizona Teachers Set to Strike Over School Funding and Pay
Schools With Confederate Ties Slowly Shed Their Names
U.S. Students Surprise on New Exam Of Online Reading
NAEP: Gaps Widen Between High Fliers And Low Scorers
Ed. Dept. Policing ESSA Assessment Rule On Special Education
Federal Special Ed. Chief Aims to Foster Partnership
School Shootings Reverberate On Capitol Hill
Ian Rowe: What NAEP Scores Aren’t Telling Us
In Conversation John Urschel: From the NFL to MIT
Rebecca Kolins Givan & Pamela Whitefield: Teacher Pay Isn’t the Whole Story
Thomas Toch: 35 Years After ‘A Nation at Risk,’ Education Is Still Going in the Wrong Direction
Letters
Education Week - April 25, 2018 - Pension Woes Have Teachers On Front Lines
Education Week - April 25, 2018 - 2
Education Week - April 25, 2018 - Contents
Education Week - April 25, 2018 - Report Roundup
Education Week - April 25, 2018 - 5
Education Week - April 25, 2018 - Discipline Gaps—and Ways to Close Them —Get Scrutiny
Education Week - April 25, 2018 - Arizona Teachers Set to Strike Over School Funding and Pay
Education Week - April 25, 2018 - Schools With Confederate Ties Slowly Shed Their Names
Education Week - April 25, 2018 - 9
Education Week - April 25, 2018 - 10
Education Week - April 25, 2018 - 11
Education Week - April 25, 2018 - U.S. Students Surprise on New Exam Of Online Reading
Education Week - April 25, 2018 - NAEP: Gaps Widen Between High Fliers And Low Scorers
Education Week - April 25, 2018 - 14
Education Week - April 25, 2018 - 15
Education Week - April 25, 2018 - 16
Education Week - April 25, 2018 - Federal Special Ed. Chief Aims to Foster Partnership
Education Week - April 25, 2018 - School Shootings Reverberate On Capitol Hill
Education Week - April 25, 2018 - 19
Education Week - April 25, 2018 - 20
Education Week - April 25, 2018 - 21
Education Week - April 25, 2018 - In Conversation John Urschel: From the NFL to MIT
Education Week - April 25, 2018 - Rebecca Kolins Givan & Pamela Whitefield: Teacher Pay Isn’t the Whole Story
Education Week - April 25, 2018 - 24
Education Week - April 25, 2018 - 25
Education Week - April 25, 2018 - 26
Education Week - April 25, 2018 - 27
Education Week - April 25, 2018 - Letters
Education Week - April 25, 2018 - CW1
Education Week - April 25, 2018 - CW2
Education Week - April 25, 2018 - CW3
Education Week - April 25, 2018 - CW4
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