Education Week - April 24, 2013 - (Page 21)

EDUCATION WEEK CATEGORY These proposals require schools or districts to conduct emergency drills, update or create emergency plans, or otherwise deal with emergency-planning measures. POLICE IN SCHOOLS Jessica Hill/AP-File Detective Barbara J. Mattson of the Connecticut state police shows lawmakers a Bushmaster AR-15 rifle, the same model used in the Sandy Hook School shootings, in Newtown, during a legislative hearing. SCHOOL SAFETY LEGISLATION: A TALLY BY STATE By Nirvi Shah & Andrew Ujifusa After the devastating school shootings in Newtown, Conn., in December, state lawmakers around the country vowed to act. The mission: Devise ways to prevent a similar tragedy. They came up with hundreds of possible strategies. An Education Week analysis of nearly 400 bills related to school safety filed in the days, weeks, and months after the deadliest K-12 school shooting in American history found that legislators have proposed solutions that include arming teachers, adding guards or police officers, and shoring up the security of school buildings. One of the notable trends: a sharp departure in states’ reactions to the aftermath of the 1999 shootings at Columbine High School in Jefferson County, Colo., when schools hired thousands of law-enforcement officers to patrol schools. This time around, several states are advancing legislation that would put guns in teachers’ hands. A few states allowed school employees, including teachers, to carry weapons to school before Newtown. So far, only two more—Kansas and South Dakota—have passed laws allowing it. But at least 62 proposals have been introduced in state legislatures to create that option or to require armed staff members. There are also variations on the idea: One unsuccessful proposal in Mississippi, for example, would have let school employees carry nondeadly weapons, defined as, among others, Tasers and guns that fire rubber bullets. Although the concept of arming teachers has received more attention than other proposals, a plurality of the bills reviewed by Education Week would encourage or require school emergency planning: more drills, more types of drills, and more detailed and dynamic plans. For example, Oklahoma Gov. Mary Fallin, a Republican, signed four bills last week addressing emergency planning. “Sometimes, it’s a more cautionary approach to really look at what schools are doing,” said Lauren Heintz, a research analyst at the National Conference of State Legislatures who has tracked state school safety bills. “It’s more of an introspective response.” As of late last week, only 12 state legislatures had ended their regular sessions, according to the ncsl, but many of the pending bills inevitably will end up going nowhere. As of press time, only 19 relevant bills had been signed into law. (A guncontrol bill that was requested by Maryland Gov. Martin O’Malley, a Democrat, and passed by the state’s legislature has not been signed by the governor yet, but he is expected to do so.) Education Week labeled bills dead only if that status could be confirmed. The analysis included bills that died because they help illustrate trends in legislation and provide insight into what lawmakers have been thinking. For a complete list of the bills Education Week analyzed, brief summaries, links to the legislation, and their status, go to The bills included all have a direct link to education, or to the Newtown shootings. So while bills about magazine size and assault-weapon restrictions are included, those involving background checks for gun purchases are not, unless they also contained provisions related to schools. Where the same version of a bill was introduced in both legislative chambers, only one was counted. In the analysis, Education Week placed each bill into at least one of seven categories. Just because two bills are in one category does not mean they have the identical goal. A few proposals proved difficult to categorize, including one Missouri bill that would bar school employees from asking students about any firearms in their homes. And one Texas bill would allow districts to offer high school students elective classes on firearm safety that would teach the history and importance of the Second Amendment. Online, the analysis includes trends in how legislatures reacted in different regions of the country, defined by the U.S. Census Bureau. n These proposals increase or otherwise deal with police presence in schools. APRIL 24, 2013 STATUS KEY: EMERGENCY PLANNING n n 21 LEGISLATIVE HIGHLIGHTS l pending llllllllll llllllllll llllllllll llllllllll llllllllll llllllllll llllllllll llllllllll llllllllll llllllllll llllllllll llllllllll llllllll l dead l signed l vetoed l resolved ARKANSAS: This new law requires “active shooter” drills at schools and other annual training to prepare for emergencies. State police and other agencies are eligible to conduct the trainings and school safety assessments. (Senate Bill 140) OKLAHOMA: In addition to the two lockdown drills now required, this new law requires schools to conduct two drills each to practice for intruders, fires, and tornados, and select two other emergency drills to conduct annually. (Senate Bill 256) TOTAL: 128 bills llllllllll llllllllll llllllllll llllllllll llllllllll llllllllll llllllllll TOTAL: 70 bills llllllllll llllllllll llllllllll llllllllll llllllllll llllllllll These proposals explicitly allow teachers l l ARMING SCHOOL EMPLOYEES CALIFORNIA: This bill would require that guidelines for police officers in schools specify that their primary purpose is to deal with immediate threats to school security and that administrative responses to student conduct be distinct from the handling of criminal offenses. (Assembly Bill 549) SOUTH CAROLINA: This bill would require every public school in the state to have armed police on campus. (House Bill 3237) KANSAS: This new law allows school boards to authorize employees with concealed-weapons permits to carry firearms at schools, and loosens prohibitions on carrying guns on school grounds. (House Bill 2052) and/or other school employees to carry firearms. TOTAL: 62 bills SOUTH DAKOTA: This law allows school boards to arm employees or volunteers, called school “sentinels,” who can help defend schools against violent attacks. The sentinels must go through a training program before carrying weapons on campus. (House Bill 1087) EASING GUN RESTRICTIONS llllllllll llllllllll llllllllll llllllllll llllllllll lllll NORTH DAKOTA: This new law exempts those who have state permits to carry concealed weapons, or those who have obtained reciprocity for their out-ofstate concealed-weapons permits, from prohibitions on possessing firearms on school grounds or at school functions. It also clarifies other exemptions, such as for firearms in motor vehicles. (House Bill 1283) These proposals loosen or end general prohibitions on bringing TOTAL: 55 bills or carrying guns onto school grounds. BUILDING SAFETY UPGRADES These proposals provide money for or address buildingsecurity improvements, such as metal detectors and alarms. SCHOOL CLIMATE AND STUDENT SUPPORTS These proposals provide for mentalhealth services or counseling, or address school climate and related issues. GUN CONTROL These proposals change regulations governing firearms, such as magazine size and sales restrictions on certain weapons. WYOMING: This bill, which died, would have allowed anyone 21 or older with a concealed carry permit to bring a firearm into any public school, community college, or other public higher education facility. (House Bill 105) llllllllll llllllllll llllllllll llllllllll llllllll MISSISSIPPI: This bill, which died, would have required school districts to install surveillance cameras in all classrooms and other areas of schools. (House Bill 1247) TOTAL: 48 bills VIRGINIA: This new law requires the Virginia Public School Authority to issue bonds to fund matching grants to school districts to pay for safety equipment, with an annual limit of $6 million and a limit on the total amount of outstanding bonds of $30 million. (House Bill 2343) llllllllll llllllllll llllllllll llllllllll llllllll FLORIDA: This bill would require that, under zerotolerance policies, only acts posing a threat to school safety be reported to law enforcement, and that other acts be dealt with by school-discipline systems. (House Bill 1039) TOTAL: 48 bills MICHIGAN: This bill would require schools to try to modify students’ behavior before suspending or expelling them from school, including through a coordinated behavior plan or referral for individual counseling. If a student is expelled, this bill would require county mental-health agencies to perform a behavior risk assessment. (House Bill 4490) llllllllll llllllllll llllllllll llllllllll l TOTAL: 41 bills MULTIMEDIA: For an in-depth and interactive state-by-state look at efforts to improve school security, go to SOURCE: National Conference of State Legislatures CONNECTICUT: This new law creates restrictions on high-capacity magazines and certain kinds of firearms as well as a new statewide council governing school safety and revives a competitive-grant program that would fund security improvements. (Senate Bill 1160) NEW YORK: The new NY SAFE (Secure Ammunition and Firearms Enforcement) Act increases penalties for bringing a firearm onto school grounds or school buses. It also creates school safety improvement teams to work with schools on evacuation and other emergency plans. (Senate Bill 2230) —NIRVI SHAH & ANDREW UJIFUSA

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - April 24, 2013

Education Week - April 24, 2013
Union Sues Over Basis of Appraisal
In San Antonio, Pre-K Initiative Sets Steep Goals
New Teachers Search for Place in New Orleans
FOCUS ON: CAREER READINESS: States Seek High School Pathways Weaving Academic, Career Options
News in Brief
Report Roundup
PARCC Proposes Common-Core Test Accommodations
Some States Seek GED Alternative as Test Price Spikes
Blogs of the Week
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Online Socialization Is Hot Topic Among Researchers
Overhaul of the E-Rate Seen as a High Priority by FCC Commissioner
Comments Weighed on Vending Machine, ‘A La Carte’ Proposals
Corralling Local Support Still a Challenge
FOCUS ON: CAREER READINESS: Swiss Academic, Career Paths Designed to Cross
Obama’s Proposed Fix on Student Loans Ruffles Allies
Head Start Officials Tight-Lipped on Which Centers to Lose Aid
Policy Brief
Legislative Briefs
School Safety Legislation: A Tally by State
LAUREN BLAIR ARONSON: Advice to TFA From a Former Insider
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace

Education Week - April 24, 2013