Education Week - April 5, 2017 - 17


After-School, Summer Learning Programs on Budget Block
CONTINUED FROM PAGE 15

to lawmakers, asking them to preserve 21st
Century Community Learning Centers funding, said Ayana Crichton, the program director.
"It's devastating to them to see the program
get cut," Crichton said. "How come we can't just
talk to the president and tell him" not to cut the
funding? she asked.
Some districts also get funding from the
program, including the Kennett school system in southeastern Missouri, which receives
a $400,000 grant. The district offers students
an hour of tutoring in the morning and another hour in the afternoon, plus enrichment.
Students are given a hot dinner and transportation home.
"We have a tremendous, tremendous afterschool program," said Chris Wilson, the district
superintendent. "If 21st Century goes away, all
of that goes away."

'Lacks Strong Evidence'
The administration's budget request says that
the program "lacks strong evidence of meeting its objectives, such as improving student
achievement."
Mulvaney was asked specifically about the
program during a March 16 press briefing.
He said that there isn't evidence that afterschool programs do anything to improve student achievement.

"They're supposed to be educational programs, right? That's what they're supposed to
do. They're supposed to help kids who don't get
fed at home get fed so they do better in school,"
Mulvaney said. "Guess what? There's no demonstrable evidence they're actually [improving achievement]. There's no demonstrable evidence of actually helping results, helping kids
do better in school."

Supporters Weigh In
But Heather Weiss, a co-director of the Global
Family Research Project, doesn't see it that
way.
"There is a great deal of evidence from rigorous evaluations showing that after-school
programs promote a range of important developmental, learning, and educational outcomes
for kids," she said.
She noted that those outcomes include gains
in reading and math achievement, school attendance, in socio-emotional development and
skills, and in health and wellness.
But Mark Dynarski, who helped conduct
evaluations of the 21st Century Community
Learning Centers program in the early 2000s
as a researcher for Mathematica Policy Research, doesn't think it has done much to improve student achievement.
"The program didn't affect student outcomes," Dynarski, now a senior fellow at the
Brookings Institution, wrote in a March 2015

blog post. "Except for student behavior, which
got worse." He referred to reports on the program released in 2003 and 2005.
Weiss, however, said those reports were conducted years ago and offer only a snapshot of
the program in its early stages. After-school
programs, including those that receive 21st
Century Community Learning Center funds,
have gotten a lot more sophisticated since
then, she said.
They've been "focusing on quality improvement
and using their own and others' evaluations and
data to ensure quality and get bigger and sustainable impact," Weiss wrote in an email.
It's tough to say if lawmakers will go along
with the proposed cut, which would affect the
budget year that begins Oct. 1.
Congress had actually considered getting rid
of the language in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act that authorizes the 21st
Community Learning Center program when it
crafted the Every Student Succeeds Act in 2015.
But the program was saved by its fans on
Capitol Hill, including Rep. Lou Barletta,
R-Pa., an ally of the president who helped
co-found the "Trump caucus" in the House.
(Barletta has visited SHINE, which serves
children in his district.)
And earlier this month, Barletta teamed
up with Rep. David Cicilline, D-R.I., on a
letter to Mulvaney, asking him to restore
the 21st Century Community Learning Centers program in the budget.

"

It just makes
my heart hurt. ...
You wonder what
is going to happen
between those
crucial hours
of 2 and 6."
RACHEL STRUCKO
SHINE After-School Program

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 15

during his opening statement on
March 20.
"Senator, I've written cases for
families in IDEA cases," he said.
"I've written decisions against
the families in these cases. And
in each case, senator, it has been
based on my assessment of the
facts and the law, not any personal
animus, not any raw motive."

Other Issues Overshadowed
T he debat e over G or such's
Thompson opinion overshadowed
other education issues he was
asked about by the Judiciary Committee. The nominee offered cautious responses on several topics.
Sen. John Cornyn, R-Texas,
asked Gorsuch about religious expression, framed in the senator's
disagreement with Santa Fe Independent School District v. Doe,
a 2000 Supreme Court decision
that struck down a Texas school
district's practice of allowing student-initiated, student-led prayers
at football games as a violation of
the establishment clause.
C o r ny n i n d i c a t e d t h a t h e
agreed with the dissent in that
case of then-Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist, who wrote
that instead of exhibiting neutrality towards religion, the court
was showing hostility.
"We don't seem to have many
limits on expressions of sex,

violence, or crime in the public
square," Cornyn said. "But we do
seem to have compunctions about
religious expression in the public
square."
Gorsuch stopped short of saying
whether he agreed with the high
court's decision in Santa Fe.
"It is a very difficult area" because the First Amendment's two
religion clauses-one guaranteeing the free exercise of religion,
the other prohibiting a government
establishment of religion-are in
tension, he said.
"The court has struggled in establishment clause jurisprudence
to provide a consistent, comprehensive test," Gorsuch said, noting
that the prevailing test, from the
1971 case Lemon v. Kurtzman, has
been criticized by a majority of the
high court, though "never at the
same time."
"So Lemon endures," he said.
"And academics have thoughts
about various options and alternatives, I know. And the justices
themselves have expressed various
and sundry ideas."
Gorsuch had a curious series
of exchanges with Sen. Richard
Blumenthal, D-Conn., about the
Supreme Court's landmark 1954
decision on desegregation, Brown
v. Board of Education of Topeka,
Kan.
Several recent nominees have
been asked about the decision, in
part to contrast with a general unwillingness to offer their views on

Pablo Martinez Monsivais/AP

Supreme Court Nominee
Grilled on Spec. Ed. Case

other more recent landmarks on
contraception and abortion.
After Gorsuch repeatedly offered
a careful statement about Brown
being "a seminal decision" of the
high court, Blumenthal said, "So,
why will you not say you agree
with the result? " as now-Chief
Justice John G. Roberts Jr. had
when he was in the same chair.
"I'm saying as a judge, it was a
seminal decision that got the original
understanding of the 14th Amendment right, and corrected one of the

most deeply erroneous interpretations of law in Supreme Court history, Plessy v. Ferguson, which is a
dark, dark stain on our court's history," Gorsuch said, referring to the
1896 decision that upheld "separate
but equal" facilities for black citizens.
"Respectfully, I don't see any daylight between what I've just said
and what you quoted from" Roberts, Gorsuch said. "We're all on
the same page on Brown v. Board of
Education, senator. It was a great
and important decision."

Judge Neil M. Gorsuch
awaits the start of his
confirmation hearing
before the U.S. Senate
Judiciary Committee as a
nominee for the U.S.
Supreme Court.

EDUCATION WEEK | April 5, 2017 | www.edweek.org | 17


http://www.edweek.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - April 5, 2017

Education Week - April 5, 2017
ENDREW F. RULING
High Court Ruling Firms Up Goal Posts On Spec. Ed. Rights
Teachers Not Shying From Political Topics
New Dimension to Kansas’ Funding Puzzle
Title II Funds Facing the Ax Under Trump
School Rape Case Inflames Immigration Fight
News in Brief
Report Roundup
States Get More Leeway on Identifying ‘Dropout Factories’
Course Access: A Different Way To Expand School Choice?
Sydney Bruner, a junior at Prairie High School in Cottonwood, Idaho, studies for a class presentation. The state is one of several that offer course choice.
No Link Between Test and Principals’ Success, Study Shows
Teacher-Prep Slow to Embrace Social-Emotional Learning
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Digital Tools Target ESSA Parent-Engagement Mandate
After-School, Summer Learning Efforts at Budget Risk
Special Education Rulings Put High Court Nominee on Hot Seat
Greg Richmond: Why I’m Worried About the Future of Charter Schools
Scott Laband: We Must Not Abandon Teacher Evaluation
Kenneth Ward: Mentoring: A Common-Sense Solution for At-Risk Youths
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Van Schoales: The New Teacher-Evaluation Laws: Education’s Pyrrhic Victory?
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - School Rape Case Inflames Immigration Fight
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - 2
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - 3
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - News in Brief
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - Report Roundup
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - States Get More Leeway on Identifying ‘Dropout Factories’
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - Sydney Bruner, a junior at Prairie High School in Cottonwood, Idaho, studies for a class presentation. The state is one of several that offer course choice.
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - No Link Between Test and Principals’ Success, Study Shows
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - 9
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - Teacher-Prep Slow to Embrace Social-Emotional Learning
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Digital Tools Target ESSA Parent-Engagement Mandate
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - 12
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - 13
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - 14
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - Special Education Rulings Put High Court Nominee on Hot Seat
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - 16
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - 17
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - 18
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - 19
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - 20
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - 21
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - Scott Laband: We Must Not Abandon Teacher Evaluation
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - Kenneth Ward: Mentoring: A Common-Sense Solution for At-Risk Youths
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - Letters
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - 25
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - 27
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - Van Schoales: The New Teacher-Evaluation Laws: Education’s Pyrrhic Victory?
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - CW1
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - CW2
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - CW3
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - CW4
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