Education Week - April 5, 2017 - 15


GOVERNMENT & POLITICS

After-School, Summer Learning Efforts at Budget Risk
Advocates argue against
scrapping federal program
By Alyson Klein

Photos by Charles Mostoller for Education Week

Four days a week, hundreds of children in eastern
Pennsylvania get free tutoring, a hot meal, and even
the chance to help build a doghouse, thanks to a federal grant for after-school and summer learning programs. Some of their parents get access to Englishas-a-second-language and GED classes.
But President Donald Trump's proposed budget
for fiscal 2018 seeks to slash the roughly $1.1 billion
21st Century Community Learning Center program
that provides the bulk of the funding for the program
and thousands of others like it. Mick Mulvaney, the
director of the White House Office of Management
and Budget has argued that the program doesn't
have much of an effect on student achievement.
But some advocates and educators beg to differ.
"It just makes my heart hurt. It impacts children's
lives immensely," said Rachel Strucko, the director
of the Leigh Carbon Community College's Schools
Homes in Education program, or SHINE after-school
program. "You wonder what is going to happen between those crucial hours of 2 and 6 if there is no
after school."

Thousands of Centers
The program, which has been around since the
1990s, distributes money by formula to states to
cover the cost of after-school and summer programs,
primarily for children in high-poverty communities.
The U.S. Department of Education has funded about
9,600 centers through the program and served 1.6
million children, according to the Afterschool Alliance, an advocacy organization in Washington.
Like SHINE, these after-school and summer programs can offer students a range of services, including tutoring, meals, and enrichment, much of it with
the help of federal funds.
For instance, a trio of after-school and summer
programs in Cranston, R.I., that receive almost 100
percent of their funding from the 21st Century Community Learning Center program, has a science,
technology, engineering, and math focus. Students
might help design a greenhouse or build a solar panel
from scratch. Older students add a service-learning
component, working on neighborhood beautification,
for example. Now, the students want to write letters

FROM TOP:
Second graders Sarah Puddu, left,
and Cristalee Valdez create a
stop-motion movie with modeling
clay and a computer during a
SHINE after-school program at
the Lawrence B. Morris
Elementary School in Jim Thorpe,
Pa. President Donald Trump's
proposed budget would eliminate
the 21st Century Community
Learning Centers program, from
which SHINE receives 82 percent
of its funding.
Second grader Frank Pranzo
builds a pyramid from plastic
cups as part of a SHINE activity.

PAGE 17 >

Special Education Rulings Put High Court Nominee on Hot Seat
That's because the high court unanimously
rejected a standard of the U.S. Court of Appeals
When Judge Neil M. Gorsuch acknowledged for the 10th Circuit, in Denver, that under the
in the opening statement at his confirmation Individuals with Disabilities Education Act,
hearing for the U.S. Supreme Court that he schools must provide a "merely more than de
had sometimes "ruled against" students with minimis" education program to students with a
disabilities, he likely anticipated a line of at- disability. The high court said schools must meet
tack that was coming from Democrats over one a higher standard. (See related story, Page 1.)
specific special education opinion of his.
What he probably didn't foresee was that on 'Heartbreaking Outcome'
his final day of testimony, the Supreme Court
would issue a decision that effectively rebuked
In Thompson R2-J School District v. Luke
the standard upon which he had based his 2008 P., Gorsuch had added the word "merely" to
ruling, and arguably put his own stamp on.
the phrase "more than de minimis," which
The high court's decision in Endrew F. v. had come from other cases. The 2008 deciDouglas County School District came down sion had rejected reimbursement for a prijust a few minutes after 10 a.m. on March vate school placement for a boy with autism
22. By 11:30 a.m., a Democratic member of because the boy's progress under his public
the Senate Judiciary Committee was asking school special education program had met the
Gorsuch about it.
"merely more than de minimis" standard.

By Mark Walsh

At Gorsuch's confirmation hearing, Sen.
Richard J. Durbin, D-Ill., called Endrew F.
"a powerful decision." He asked Gorsuch why,
in his opinion in Thompson, the judge had
wanted to "lower the bar" by adding "merely"
to the 10th Circuit's "more than de minimis
standard."
Gorsuch said his ruling in Thompson was
based on 10th Circuit precedent, particularly
a 1996 decision, Urban v. Jefferson County
School District.
"If anyone suggests I like an outcome
where an autistic child happens to lose,
that is a heartbreaking outcome to me,"
Gorsuch said. "But the fact remains that
I was bound by circuit precedent." Still,
he told Durbin, "I understand that today
the Supreme Court has indicated that the
Urban standard is incorrect. That's fine. I
will follow the law."

Sen. Amy Klobuchar, D-Minn., told him, "I
think you actually took something that wasn't
necessarily a precedent, you added the word
'merely' to make it even more narrow, and so it
is not a surprise to me, then, that the Supreme
Court, 9-0, rejected that language."
(It was a verbal stumble on her part-the
unanimous vote in Endrew F. was actually
8-0, since the very reason they were in the
hearing room was because there is still a vacancy on the court after the death of Justice
Antonin Scalia in February 2016 and the
refusal by Senate Republicans to consider
President Barack Obama's choice for the seat,
Judge Merrick B. Garland.)
Gorsuch said the Supreme Court did not
take up the Endrew F. case "for fun. It took it
because there is a circuit split on this issue."
Gorsuch repeated a point he had made
PAGE 17 >

EDUCATION WEEK | April 5, 2017 | www.edweek.org | 15


http://www.edweek.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - April 5, 2017

Education Week - April 5, 2017
ENDREW F. RULING
High Court Ruling Firms Up Goal Posts On Spec. Ed. Rights
Teachers Not Shying From Political Topics
New Dimension to Kansas’ Funding Puzzle
Title II Funds Facing the Ax Under Trump
School Rape Case Inflames Immigration Fight
News in Brief
Report Roundup
States Get More Leeway on Identifying ‘Dropout Factories’
Course Access: A Different Way To Expand School Choice?
Sydney Bruner, a junior at Prairie High School in Cottonwood, Idaho, studies for a class presentation. The state is one of several that offer course choice.
No Link Between Test and Principals’ Success, Study Shows
Teacher-Prep Slow to Embrace Social-Emotional Learning
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Digital Tools Target ESSA Parent-Engagement Mandate
After-School, Summer Learning Efforts at Budget Risk
Special Education Rulings Put High Court Nominee on Hot Seat
Greg Richmond: Why I’m Worried About the Future of Charter Schools
Scott Laband: We Must Not Abandon Teacher Evaluation
Kenneth Ward: Mentoring: A Common-Sense Solution for At-Risk Youths
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Van Schoales: The New Teacher-Evaluation Laws: Education’s Pyrrhic Victory?
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - School Rape Case Inflames Immigration Fight
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - 2
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - 3
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - News in Brief
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - Report Roundup
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - States Get More Leeway on Identifying ‘Dropout Factories’
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - Sydney Bruner, a junior at Prairie High School in Cottonwood, Idaho, studies for a class presentation. The state is one of several that offer course choice.
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - No Link Between Test and Principals’ Success, Study Shows
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - 9
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - Teacher-Prep Slow to Embrace Social-Emotional Learning
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Digital Tools Target ESSA Parent-Engagement Mandate
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - 12
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - 13
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - 14
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - Special Education Rulings Put High Court Nominee on Hot Seat
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - 16
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - 17
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - 18
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - 19
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - 20
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - 21
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - Scott Laband: We Must Not Abandon Teacher Evaluation
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - Kenneth Ward: Mentoring: A Common-Sense Solution for At-Risk Youths
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - Letters
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - 25
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - 27
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - Van Schoales: The New Teacher-Evaluation Laws: Education’s Pyrrhic Victory?
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - CW1
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - CW2
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - CW3
Education Week - April 5, 2017 - CW4
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