Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 15

goVERnMEnt & poLItICS
Texas Lawmakers Wrangle a Herd of Education Measures
By Andrew Ujifusa
For those seeking a state legislature
weighing a raft of major policy overhauls,
it might be hard to beat Texas,
where, by the scheduled end of the
session on June 1, there could be a
private school choice program for the
first time, along with a new state-run
school district, and revamped teacher
evaluations.
Part of what's driving the rush of
bills, even in a legislature that only
meets every two years, is the slate
of new Republican elected officials
brought to power by last year's elections.
For example, first-year Gov.
Greg Abbott has made it a top priority
to expand early-education options.
And Lt. Gov. Dan Patrick, the former
head of the Senate education committee
who was elected separately last
year, is exerting significant influence
in pushing the gop-controlled legislature
to expand school choice.
Meanwhile, an influential K-12 advocacy
group, Texans for Education
Reform, led by the education adviser
to former Gov. Rick Perry, also a Republican,
is relying on advice from
groups like tntp (formerly The New
Teacher Project) and the Foundation
for Excellence in Education as it
pushes its priorities. They include an
expansion of Texas' existing A-F accountability
system to cover individual
schools, creation of the state-run
district for struggling schools, and a
teacher evaluation framework that
also would impact teachers' salaries.
Pushback on Testing
Legislation to reduce testing requirements
for some high school students
is also getting traction in Austin,
two years after the state made
major reductions in the number of
end-of-course exams required for students
to pass in order to graduate.
"Each one of them kind of has their
own goals, things to be prioritized.
And they aren't necessarily the same,"
said Matt Prewett, the founder of the
nonpartisan Texas Parents Union
who has mixed views on the various
high-profile proposals.
Also hovering in the background is a
case before the Texas Supreme Court
over state funding for schools. State
'Opt-Out' Push
Sparks Queries
For Guidance
Test participation at issue
By Lauren Camera
A flurry of parents opting their children out
of taking new state assessments in places like
Colorado, Florida, New Jersey, and New York
has both the U.S. Department of Education
and state education departments reviewing
policies and procedures for dealing with such
instances.
The No Child Left Behind Act-the current
version of the Elementary and Secondary
Education Act-requires each school to test
at least 95 percent of its students or else the
district or state could face sanctions, some as
severe as losing Title I money for low-income
students. That requirement must be met for
all students in a school, as well as for subgroups
of students, such as those living in
poverty or from racial-minority groups.
States and schools that narrowly miss the
95 percent threshold are allowed to average
participation rates over a two- or three-year
period to help meet it.
Assessment Season
As schools begin state assessments for the
2014-15 school year, an anti-testing movement
is generating attention at both the
grassroots and national levels. It is difficult
to gauge accurately how many students are
opting out of the exams, or even how many
districts are experiencing opt-outs, but the
number of media reports highlighting pockets
of anti-testing advocates raises the quesDistrict
Court Judge John Dietz ruled
last year in favor of about 600 plaintiff
districts that the state's K-12 funding
is unconstitutional due to its inadequacy
and inefficiencies. (The state
appealed the ruling.) If the state's top
court upholds Judge Dietz's ruling, it
could require Texas to increase aid to
public schools by billions of dollars.
Proposals in the legislature to increase
annual school funding range
from $1.2 billion to $3 billion-current
annual state spending on K-12 is
roughly $20.7 billion.
But much of the political energy
this session is devoted to policy bills.
In fact, a relatively low-profile change
made to Senate rules at the start of
this year by Lt. Gov. Patrick, who
pushed unsuccessfully for tax-credit
scholarships during his time in the
chamber, may be just as influential as
his support for any particular bill. As
the new president of the Senate, Lt.
Gov. Patrick reduced the share of senators
who must agree to hold a vote on
a bill from two-thirds of the chamber
to three-fifths, a move observers say
could remove a long-standing obstacle
to the passage of school choice bills.
"It will definitely help carry that
message over a little smoother," said
Alejandro Garcia, a spokesman for Lt.
Gov. Patrick.
Choice and Triggers
Several Senate bills approach school
choice expansion differently. Senate
Bill 642, for example, would set up a
tax-credit system with socioeconomic
prerequisites for students, while Senate
Bill 276 would provide a direct
reimbursement to parents for private
school tuition worth either the cost of
tuition, or 60 percent of state per-pupil
expenditures, whichever is less.
Although Republicans control of
the legislative agenda in both chambers,
Democratic Sen. Royce West, a
member of the Senate education committee,
said his experience with struggling
schools in the Dallas district,
which he represents, has helped convince
him to support greater choice.
He's supporting a bill to allow for the
"parent trigger" law, which in general
allows a majority of parents at a
school to petition for changes including
new administrators or a conversion
to a charter school.
That bill from gop Sen. Larry Taylor,
the Senate education committee
chairman, would allow the law to be
used at a school which has been given
the lowest rating for two straight
years-the law currently requires
five straight years of low performance
before parents can use the trigger law.
As of last December, the Texas Education
Agency reported 297 schools with
"improvement required" ratings for
two years, the lower of the two state
ratings, and another 436 with one
year of that lower rating.
"Parental involvement correlates
with student achievement. That's the
bottom line," Sen. West said.
But opponents of school choice proposals
still hold out hope that a traditional
political coalition of lawmakers
will unite to stymie private school
choice expansion.
As far back as 1995, Texas legislators
have considered but ultimately
rejected bills to create private school
choice programs.
Charles A. Luke, the coordinator
for the Austin-based Coalition
PAGE 17 >
tion of whether some schools won't meet
their participation threshold. At least one
state-Colorado-has requested flexibility
from the federal mandate.
In an interview with Education Week, John
King, senior education advisor at the Education
Department, said that he anticipates additional
reports of students opting out of the
assessments as the testing window goes on,
but credited teachers and principals for so far
holding the line.
"It's important to say that there have been
relatively few opt outs to date," said Mr. King,
based on conversations various officials at the
department have been having with states.
"This has really been an issue that has occurred
in pockets."
The federal participation mandates, however,
are bumping up against a dizzying number
of state- and district-specific policies that
run the gamut from allowing parents to withhold
their children from a state test to explicitly
mandating that all students must take
the state test.
Amid antipathy in many places toward the
PAGE 17 >
EDUCATION WEEK | April 1, 2015 | www.edweek.org | 15
Mayfield High School student
Isabela Bencomo, 15, holds
a sign during a walkout with her
classmates at the school in Las
Cruces, N.M., last month. Students
were protesting new exams aligned
to the Common Core State
Standards.
Robin Zielinski/Las Cruces Sun-News/ AP
http://www.edweek.org

Education Week - April 1, 2015

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - April 1, 2015

K-12 Law’s Legacy Blend of Idealism, Policy Tensions
Testing Security Prompts Scrutiny Of Social Media
Virtual Spec. Ed. Is Evolving Option
Turnover at Top Can Leave Funders Wary
Education Week - April 1, 2015
News in Brief
Report Roundup
New Studies Affirm Impact of Board-Certified Teachers
Blogs of the Week
Honored Educator Decries Current Climate for Teaching
‘Opt-Out’ Push Sparks Queries For Guidance
Texas Lawmakers Wrangle A Herd of Education Measures
A View From the Top As the Policy Clock Ticks
Blogs of the Week
TYRONE HOWARD: Decriminalizing School Discipline: Why Black Males Matter
THE ESEA AT 50: Perspectives From the Archives
REBECCA GIVENS ROLLAND: The Ticking Clock of American Education
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
MARILYN BURNS: What Reading Instruction Can Teach Us About Math Instruction
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - Education Week - April 1, 2015
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 2
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 3
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - News in Brief
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - Report Roundup
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - New Studies Affirm Impact of Board-Certified Teachers
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - Blogs of the Week
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - Honored Educator Decries Current Climate for Teaching
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 9
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 10
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 11
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 12
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 13
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 14
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - Texas Lawmakers Wrangle A Herd of Education Measures
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - Blogs of the Week
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 17
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 18
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 19
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 20
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 21
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 22
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 23
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - THE ESEA AT 50: Perspectives From the Archives
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - REBECCA GIVENS ROLLAND: The Ticking Clock of American Education
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - Letters
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 27
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 29
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 30
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - 31
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - MARILYN BURNS: What Reading Instruction Can Teach Us About Math Instruction
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - CT1
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - CT2
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - CT3
Education Week - April 1, 2015 - CT4
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