Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S3

The Pandemic Will Affect Students'
Mental Health for Years to Come

A

What educators can expect
s COVID-19 vaccines roll
out and more schools inch
toward fully reopening for
in-person instruction, educators and policymakers are
rightly focused on getting
students caught up academ-

ically.
But that will be only half of the battle.
The pandemic, combined with a massive
experiment in remote schooling, a racial justice
movement stemming from police killings of Black
Americans, and economic and political instability
will have long-term effects on schoolchildren's
mental health. For the foreseeable future,
educators will have to grapple with a host of
additional challenges that will complicate
students' abilities to learn, such as increased
anxiety, substance abuse, and hyperactivity-all
symptoms of the trauma many students have lived
through this past year.
" Right off the bat we know that those stress
reactions will make it harder for children to learn, "
said Robin Gurwitch, a psychologist and professor
at Duke University Medical Center and a specialist
in childhood trauma. " One of the best predictors of
how our children are going to do is based on how
we're doing as their parents and caregivers, and
the pandemic has not left anyone un-stressed. "
Through her work, Gurwitch has witnessed
firsthand the aftermath of mass shootings, natural
disasters, and terrorist attacks. She was only a
few years into her first job working as a child
psychologist in Oklahoma City in 1995 when the
Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building was bombed,
killing 168 people in an act of domestic terrorism.
While this may be the first global pandemic that
today's schools have weathered, there are lessons
that educators and policymakers can glean from
other major disasters on how students will react
and what kind of supports they will need.

Research highlights many possible
responses
Research on how children have responded to
traumatic events shows that there are myriad
ways kids will react-and those reactions may not
always be obviously related to the pandemic.

Students may have trouble concentrating
or paying attention in class and retaining new
information, said Gurwitch. Children's responses
to trauma sometimes look like attention deficit
hyperactivity disorder, Gurwitch said, and schools
and families might jump to that diagnosis and
miss the opportunity to take a trauma-informed
approach to addressing the root causes of students'
behavior.
Students may also have trouble with sleep-
sleeping too little or too much, said David Bond,
the director of behavioral health at Blue Shield of
California. Bond was previously a pediatric trauma
specialist at the Rady Children's Hospital of San
Diego.
Another big issue for educators to look out for
is a rise in substance abuse, in particular vaping.
Bond is concerned that stress-and just boredom
from being at home all the time-is leading to an
increase in e-cigarette use among youth.
" It makes sense, " Bond said. " Because we
can't really go to restaurants, or go to concerts,
or football games, ... or even go to school,
our- especially young-minds are rather
understimulated. "
About a year after most schools across the
country were shut down in response to the
pandemic, some students are saying that they are
already experiencing some of these issues. In an
EdWeek Research Center survey administered in
January and February 2021, some high schoolers
reported that since the pandemic began, they are
getting lower grades and procrastinating more on
school assignments. They are distracted by anxiety
and having trouble concentrating or remembering
things. They are more tired in class and feeling
isolated from classmates.
Beyond school, the number of young children
and adolescents going to the emergency room
because of a mental health crisis has also shot up
during the pandemic, according to federal data.
It's the long haul that has gotten to Joel Castro, an
11th grader at Herbert Hoover High School in San
Diego. He has been learning remotely since last
March, and he said he is struggling with staying
motivated in his classes-something he hears from
friends a lot, too.
" Even for someone who is introverted like
myself, it's crazy to me that I'm longing for

By
Arianna Prothero

Student Mental Health: Helping a Generation Cope With COVID-19's Fallout | 3



Education Week - March 31, 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - March 31, 2021

Education Week - March 31, 2021
Briefly Stated
Do Teachers Have to Disclose Their Vaccination Status? Experts Weigh In
What the Research Says
Suburban Public Schools Are Now Majority-Nonwhite
School Budgets: Why They’re Not As Bad As Predicted
Male Teachers Share Advice for Getting More Men Into the Profession
Feds’ First Survey of Pandemic Learning Finds Nearly Half of Students Taught Remotely
Miguel Cardona Talks Summer Learning, Mental Health, and State Tests
‘It Is OK to Grieve’
The Story of Pandemic Learning And Suicide Is Still Being Written
Don’t Assume a Return to School Is a Panacea
EdWeek Top School Jobs
We Are Part of Something Larger
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - Education Week - March 31, 2021
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - Briefly Stated
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - 3
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - Do Teachers Have to Disclose Their Vaccination Status? Experts Weigh In
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - What the Research Says
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - Suburban Public Schools Are Now Majority-Nonwhite
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - 7
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - 8
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - 9
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - School Budgets: Why They’re Not As Bad As Predicted
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - 11
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - Male Teachers Share Advice for Getting More Men Into the Profession
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - 13
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - Feds’ First Survey of Pandemic Learning Finds Nearly Half of Students Taught Remotely
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - 15
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - Miguel Cardona Talks Summer Learning, Mental Health, and State Tests
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - 17
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - ‘It Is OK to Grieve’
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - 19
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - The Story of Pandemic Learning And Suicide Is Still Being Written
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - Don’t Assume a Return to School Is a Panacea
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - 22
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - EdWeek Top School Jobs
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - We Are Part of Something Larger
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - SC1
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - SC2
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S1
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S2
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S3
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S4
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S5
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S6
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S7
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S8
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S9
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S10
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S11
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Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S14
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Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S16
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S17
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S18
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S19
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S20
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - SC3
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