Education Week - March 31, 2021 - 7

Ash Ponders for Education Week

bustling extension of nearby Phoenix.
Among those arriving during the height of this
transition was Forest Moriarty.
A self-described Army brat, Moriarty had spent
most of his childhood on overseas military bases, living alongside a diverse mix of families from all over
the country. He said that upbringing drilled into him
the expectation that people of all races should be
treated equally.
" We had a common unifying factor of all being
Americans, " he said. " I didn't even know what racism was until I moved back to the United States. "
At age 13, Moriarty started public school in California. On his first day, Moriarty recalled, he walked
to the rear of his school bus to find a seat. A group
of African-American students told him white kids
weren't welcome back there.
" I said, 'Have you ever heard of Rosa Parks?' " Moriarty recalled. " And then I got punched. "
By the time he was 16, Moriarty's family had
moved to a quiet neighborhood in suburban Chandler. The town was hospitable to people of all backgrounds, Moriarty maintained, pointing to the area's
increasing diversity through the early 1990s.
" Everybody felt welcome, " he said.
Lindsay Love, however, remembers things differently. Her father's job with Motorola brought the
future school board member to Chandler in 1999,
during the middle of her 8th grade year.
At the time, the town was still reeling from the
" Chandler Roundup. " Local law enforcement had
joined with federal immigration authorities to patrol
the town on bicycle, stopping anyone they believed
to be Hispanic and demanding proof of citizenship.
A total of 432 undocumented immigrants were arrested and deported. Numerous citizens and legal
residents were also stopped, leading to lawsuits, a
U.S. Senate hearing, and an acknowledgement by
Arizona's attorney general that far-reaching civil
rights violations had been committed.
Inside Chandler's public schools, meanwhile, Love
said she experienced racial harassment and insensitivity first-hand.
She recalled white classmates trying to touch her
hair. A kid in gym class called her a gorilla. A white
English teacher even asked Black students to grant
their white classmates permission to use the n-word
as they read and discussed The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
" That was the experience of a lot of children of
color, " Love said. " Chandler was still pretty racist. "

Top: Lindsay Love is the
first black school board
member in the Chandler
Unified School District in
Mesa, Ariz.
Dr. Adama Sallu was hired
as Chandler Unified's first
equity director to help
the district respond to
racial inequities in

called The Resegregation of Suburban Schools.
The researchers studied public-school enrollment
patterns in the suburbs of the nation's 25 largest metros. Between 1999 and 2006, they found, the share
of white students in those areas declined by almost
9 percentage points, indicating significant racial
change. Still, Frankenberg and Orfield determined,
white children constituted a solid majority-almost 60
percent-of suburban public-school students during
the 2006-07 school year.
Education Week worked with Frankenberg to update that earlier study. The new analysis examined
enrollment patterns in roughly 30,000 public schools
between 2006-07 and 2017-18. The results represent a
conservative estimate of the shifts during that period.
Still, they paint a picture of sweeping demographic
change.
In little over a decade, the number of white children enrolled in suburban public-school systems in
the country's largest metros declined by 1.4 million, a
drop of 20 percent, with the result that white students
are no longer the majority.
During the same period, the number of Hispanic,
Asian, Pacific-Islander, and multiracial students
increased by 1.4 million. The share of Hispanic students in suburbia rose 7 percentage points, to just
over 27 percent.
Strikingly, the EdWeek Research Center also estimated that about 40 percent of suburban public-school
students in the nation's largest metros were eligible for
a free and reduced-price school lunch in 2017-18. That
was up from about 30 percent in 2006-07.
The shifts are a harbinger of broader societal
changes: The U.S. Census Bureau now projects the
nation will be majority-nonwhite sometime before
mid-century.
They also represent a sea-change for suburban

Caitlin O'Hara for Education Week

Ash Ponders for Education Week

student outcomes.

Chandler Unified
School District

communities, many of which have in recent years
seen an uptick in hate-related graffiti and other incidents in their public schools.
" Places like Chandler were historically constructed
to allow white people to amass value in their homes
and move up the ladder through their schools, " said
R. L'Heureux Lewis-McCoy, a sociology professor at
New York University and the author of Inequality in
the Promised Land: Race, Resources, and Suburban
Schooling.
" When families from different backgrounds eventually start to occupy those spaces, they're treated as if
they don't fully belong. "
From 'quaint little rural community' to booming
multicultural suburb

Through the late 1980s, white children accounted
for at least 70 percent of Chandler Unified's total enrollment.
By October 2020, that figure was down to 49.9
percent.
Current Superintendent Camille Casteel began
working in the district as a 1st grade teacher in 1971.
At the time, Chandler's total population was just over
13,000. Many of those people were white, with conservative politics that were often hard-right.
" It was just a quaint little rural community, with
cattle and sheep and cowboys, " said Casteel, who is
white.
Over the next decade, though, the population doubled. Intel built a huge campus in the area, bringing in
thousands of high-tech jobs. Motorola soon followed.
Between 1980 and 1990, the number of people living
in the area tripled again. By the turn of the century,
Chandler's population had ballooned to 176,581, and
the once-sleepy town had been transformed into a

Parents of color organize for equity and
inclusion

"

It was like, what
the hell is going
on with this
district? I wanted
to address the
system that was
impacting my
clients.
LINDSAY LOVE
Chandler Unified School
District school board
member

By the 2017-18 school year, white children represented a slim majority of Chandler Unified students.
Hispanic children accounted for well over a quarter
of the district's enrollment. Asian, Black, multiracial, and American Indian children accounted for
another 19 percent.
Racial, cultural, and ideological tensions that once
got swept under the rug began spilling out into the
open.
In January of that school year, for example, a video
of white students at Santan Junior High chanting
" [Expletive] all n_____s " was posted on Snapchat. It
quickly spread around the Chandler community.
In part because the video was filmed off school
grounds, Chandler Unified leaders responded tepidly, declining to punish the students involved and
waiting a month to form a social-justice advisory
panel. ( " In hindsight, I wish we had denounced it
right away, " said Casteel, the superintendent.)
Dissatisfied, a group of Black families went to
the school themselves. Helping lead the effort was
Janelle Wood, a former Chandler Unified parent
who founded an organization called the Black
Mothers Forum. Rather than attend to the group's
concerns, Wood recalled, a Santan administrator
suggested they were embarrassing her in front of
white families on hand to pick up their children.
" These were all well-educated Black parents, who
had contributed over the years to the school, " Wood
said. " They were appalled. "
An organized effort to change the district's cul-

EDUCATION WEEK | March 31, 2021 | www.edweek.org | 7


http://www.edweek.org

Education Week - March 31, 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - March 31, 2021

Education Week - March 31, 2021
Briefly Stated
Do Teachers Have to Disclose Their Vaccination Status? Experts Weigh In
What the Research Says
Suburban Public Schools Are Now Majority-Nonwhite
School Budgets: Why They’re Not As Bad As Predicted
Male Teachers Share Advice for Getting More Men Into the Profession
Feds’ First Survey of Pandemic Learning Finds Nearly Half of Students Taught Remotely
Miguel Cardona Talks Summer Learning, Mental Health, and State Tests
‘It Is OK to Grieve’
The Story of Pandemic Learning And Suicide Is Still Being Written
Don’t Assume a Return to School Is a Panacea
EdWeek Top School Jobs
We Are Part of Something Larger
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - Education Week - March 31, 2021
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - Briefly Stated
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - 3
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - Do Teachers Have to Disclose Their Vaccination Status? Experts Weigh In
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - What the Research Says
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - Suburban Public Schools Are Now Majority-Nonwhite
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - 7
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - 8
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - 9
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - School Budgets: Why They’re Not As Bad As Predicted
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - 11
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - Male Teachers Share Advice for Getting More Men Into the Profession
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - 13
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - Feds’ First Survey of Pandemic Learning Finds Nearly Half of Students Taught Remotely
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - 15
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - Miguel Cardona Talks Summer Learning, Mental Health, and State Tests
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - 17
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - ‘It Is OK to Grieve’
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - 19
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - The Story of Pandemic Learning And Suicide Is Still Being Written
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - Don’t Assume a Return to School Is a Panacea
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - 22
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - EdWeek Top School Jobs
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - We Are Part of Something Larger
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - SC1
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - SC2
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S1
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S2
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S3
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Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S5
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S6
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S7
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S8
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S9
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S10
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S11
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Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S17
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S18
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S19
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S20
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Education Week - March 31, 2021 - SC4
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