Education Week - March 31, 2021 - 14

Feds' First Survey of Pandemic Learning
Finds Nearly Half of Students Taught Remotely
By Stephen Sawchuk
& Sarah D. Sparks
As of January, 43 percent of 4th graders and
48 percent of 8th graders were still learning full
time from home, according to newly released
federal data.
And the new numbers point to alarming disparities among regions and states in the quality
of that remote learning, with a subset of those
remote learners-a quarter or more in both
grades- receiving fewer than two hours of live
or " synchronous " teaching a day.
The long-awaited data, produced by the
National Center for Education Statistics in response to an executive order from President
Biden, offer the first nationally representative
picture of what proportion of schools offer remote learning, in-person learning, or a hybrid
of the two.
In all, 47 percent of grade 4 schools nationwide offered full in-person teaching, and 46 percent of grade 8 schools did. But because many
schools are small or remote-and also because
families have chosen from among different
options-that translated to only 38 percent of
grade 4 students and just 28 percent of grade 8
students attending full time in person.
When hybrid learning is added into the picture, more than 75 percent of schools offer at
least some in-person instruction. And though
the data are limited to two grade levels, federal
officials say enrollment patterns are probably
similar for other elementary and lower secondary grades.
It's encouraging news that many schools now
offer some in-person learning, said Peggy Carr,
the associate commissioner of the assessment
division of the National Center for Education
Statistics. But she also described the regional
contrasts in the amount of live remote teaching
as shocking.
" I knew it was going to be low, but not quite
that low, " she said.
A quickly changing picture of schools'
instructional mode

President Biden made opening " a majority " of
K-8 schools within his first 100 days in office for
five-day in-person learning one of his top priorities, but his administration did not set a target
for the share of students. The new baseline data
suggest that the school target has probably been
met by now, but it is much less clear whether,
more than two months later, at least half of students are now attending in person five days a
week.
Many larger districts have been more cautious
about returning to in-person schooling. The
federal data also show that students in towns or
rural locations were more likely than those living in cities or suburbs to be attending in person.
But that picture has shifted dramatically since
the federal survey was taken, too, according to
Education Week's tracker of large, urban districts, a project it created with the Council of the
Great City Schools.
In early February, only 43 of a sample of 75
large districts in the EdWeek tracker offered
some in-person learning, and that number is
now 59. Many of these districts have moved
from allowing only a limited number of students
to attend in-person to letting all students come
to school. In addition, many of these districts

plan to expand their in-person access even further over the next few weeks.
Uneven access to in-person learning-and
uneven amounts of live, remote teaching

The federal data bolster other surveys indicating that Black, Hispanic, and Asian students were
more likely to be offered-or to prefer-remote
learning. Just 28 percent of 4th grade Black students and 15 percent of 4th grade Asian students
were attending in-person full time. Almost half of
white students, by contrast, were attending fulltime in person; white families have been among
the most vocal about returning to schools in cities
like New York City.
The data were collected earlier this year and
represent a sample of 7,000 schools, half in
grade 4 and half in grade 8. Additional collections
will produce monthly results for the same sample
of schools from February through May.
But below the surface, the findings raise new
questions about how states and districts have
managed teaching and learning plans during the
pandemic.
For one thing, while many districts said they'd
planned to prioritize certain groups of vulnerable
students to return to classrooms first, the data
do not suggest that such plans led to widespread
differences in in-person attendance patterns.
Schools notably said in the survey that they prioritized students with disabilities for full-time,
in person learning, but fewer than half of those
students in 4th grade were doing so.
The findings that look10%-30%
at the subset30%-50%
of students 50%-60%
in full-time remote learning show some shocking
Insu�cient Data
differences in their access to live-streamed teachers. Twenty-seven percent of those 4th graders
and 26 percent of those 8th graders received two
or fewer hours of live, synchronous instruction in
their remote classes-the rest of their schooling
was presumably asynchronous. But students in
other states or districts learning remotely got five
or more hours of live teaching.
And it appears some of those disparities are
due to regional differences. In Oklahoma, 71 percent of 4th grade students in remote learning received two or fewer hours of live teaching, and 73
percent of 8th grade students in Idaho received
two or fewer hours of live teaching. Students in
cities and in the Northeast typically got more live
teaching in their remote classes than did those in
towns or in the Midwest.
Parents and advocates alike have urged districts
to improve their remote learning offerings; many
are concerned about their children's well-being
in remote settings. But the political discussion on
school reopening has focused almost exclusively
on returning to in-person settings.
The data also do not conform easily to theories about why some districts offered more livestreamed remote teaching than others. Labor
contracts have shaped some teaching conditions,
modes, and hours, but the data don't appear to
correlate easily to states where unions are strong.
In fact, the states reporting the highest proportion of 4th grade students receiving less than two
hours of synchronous instruction are Alabama,
which has no public-sector unions, and Arkansas
and Oklahoma, where unions are significantly
weaker than on the coasts.
It could be the case that, since most students
in those states appear to be attending in person,
many districts there simply are no longer prioritizing the quality of their remote learning option,
or do not have the staff to maintain it.

14 | EDUCATION WEEK | March 31, 2021 | www.edweek.org

Pandemic Schooling Looks Very
Different From One State to the Next
The Institute of Education Sciences has launched a five-part
survey, expected to run monthly through June, to gauge how
students are returning to school during the pandemic. The initial
results, based on 3,500 schools each at grades 4 and 8, show
dramatic differences in how students are learning in different
parts of the country.

4th Graders Who Receive Less Than Two Hours
Of Live Instruction Each Day

All students

White

Black

Hispanic

Asian

American Indian/Alaskan Native

Native Hawaiian/Paci c Islander

or
more
<10%
10%-30%30%-50%
30%-50%50%-60%
50%-60%60%
60%
or more
<10%
60% or more 10%-30%
<10%
10%-30%
30%-50%
50%-60%
60%
or more
Multiracial

<10%

Insu�cient
Data
Insu�cient
Data
Insu�cient
Data

Race not available

Economically disadvantaged

While nearly half of 4th grade white students are back to full-time,
English-learners

in-person schooling, the majority of students of color are still learning
in fully remote classes. The NAEP survey found more than half of EnglishStudents with disabilities

language learners and more than a third of students with disabilities
also learn entirely via remote classrooms.Percentage of 4th grade learning in each mode
Remote

All students

Hybrid

43%

White

27

Black

58

Hispanic

56

Asian

68

American Indian/Alaskan Native

37

Native Hawaiian/Paci c Islander

48

Multiracial

47

Race not available

44

Economically disadvantaged

48

English-learners

52

Students with disabilities

38

Full-time In-person

38

17

49

23

28

14
10

33
16

16

15
43

25
18

25
34
52

5
13
12
17

36
34
42

Percentage of 4th grade learning in each mode
Remote

Hybrid

Full-time In-person

NOTE: Additional data appears with the online story.
SOURCE: National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2021 School Survey,
Institute of Education Sciences


http://www.edweek.org

Education Week - March 31, 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - March 31, 2021

Education Week - March 31, 2021
Briefly Stated
Do Teachers Have to Disclose Their Vaccination Status? Experts Weigh In
What the Research Says
Suburban Public Schools Are Now Majority-Nonwhite
School Budgets: Why They’re Not As Bad As Predicted
Male Teachers Share Advice for Getting More Men Into the Profession
Feds’ First Survey of Pandemic Learning Finds Nearly Half of Students Taught Remotely
Miguel Cardona Talks Summer Learning, Mental Health, and State Tests
‘It Is OK to Grieve’
The Story of Pandemic Learning And Suicide Is Still Being Written
Don’t Assume a Return to School Is a Panacea
EdWeek Top School Jobs
We Are Part of Something Larger
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - Education Week - March 31, 2021
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - Briefly Stated
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - 3
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - Do Teachers Have to Disclose Their Vaccination Status? Experts Weigh In
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - What the Research Says
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - Suburban Public Schools Are Now Majority-Nonwhite
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - 7
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - 8
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - 9
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - School Budgets: Why They’re Not As Bad As Predicted
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - 11
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - Male Teachers Share Advice for Getting More Men Into the Profession
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - 13
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - Feds’ First Survey of Pandemic Learning Finds Nearly Half of Students Taught Remotely
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - 15
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - Miguel Cardona Talks Summer Learning, Mental Health, and State Tests
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - 17
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - ‘It Is OK to Grieve’
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - 19
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - The Story of Pandemic Learning And Suicide Is Still Being Written
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - Don’t Assume a Return to School Is a Panacea
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - 22
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - EdWeek Top School Jobs
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - We Are Part of Something Larger
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - SC1
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - SC2
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S1
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S2
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S3
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Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S5
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Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S7
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S8
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Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S17
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S18
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S19
Education Week - March 31, 2021 - S20
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