Education Week - March 27, 2013 - (Page 5)

EDUCATION WEEK REPORTto these reports, go to For links ROUNDUP the vaccine have been introduced. Both the District of Columbia and Virginia require it for girls. The hpv vaccine, recommended for preteenage girls and boys by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, is most effective before children are sexually active. —NIRVI SHAH noted was similar to one he wore during the shooting. He wasn’t eligible for the death penalty because he was 17 at the time of the shootings. The judge gave Mr. Lane sentences totaling 37 additional years for attempted murder, felonious assault, and using a weapon in the crimes. —ASSOCIATED PRESS Report Outlines Trends In Open Resources The Software and Information Industry Association says in a new report that open education resources in K-12 schools and colleges are “here to stay,” though the organization also warns that the content may carry higher costs for schools than are immediately obvious. The report from the major Washington-based trade association, released last week, provides everything from the organization’s take on definitions and terminology surrounding open education resources to a description of current government policies supporting it to its breakdown of the implications of those resources for commercial publishers and others. Currently, the overall presence of free online materials is modest, according to the report, “Guide to the Use of Open Educational Resources in K-12 and Postsecondary Education.” But their footprint is likely to expand, the authors say. While open education resources initially will have little, if any, cost for districts, they could bring significant costs if school systems or colleges attempt to scale them up, the paper contends. Those costs include time spent training teachers and others on how to use the content provided, supplementing the open resources, and perhaps most significantly, upgrading them over time to meet changing academic needs, the association argues. –S.C. Ohio School Shooter Gets Three Life Terms The teenager who pleaded guilty to killing three Ohio students was sentenced last week to three life sentences in prison. T.J. Lane, 18, admitted to a shooting at Chardon High School near Cleveland in February 2012 that also wounded other students. He told investigators he didn’t know why he did it. Before the case went to adult court last year, a juvenile-court judge ruled that Mr. Lane was mentally competent to stand trial despite evidence that he suffers from hallucinations, psychosis, and fantasies. During the sentencing, Mr. Lane was defiant, smiling and smirking, including while victims’ relatives spoke. After he came in, he calmly unbuttoned his blue dress shirt to reveal a T-shirt reading “killer,” which the prosecutor Teacher Ed. Programs Show Improvement Teacher education programs are using data, technology, and monitoring/tracking systems to improve, but still have a ways to go, says a report from the American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education, released last week. According to the aacte, progress has been made, but obstacles to improvement persist. The organization based its report on data from 95 percent of the organization’s more than 800 members. The report says that teacher education programs are admitting highly qualified candidates into their programs, with gpas averaging 3.24; requiring significant clinical experience of students; integrating coursework on technology use in the classroom; and improving the tracking and monitoring of candidates after they graduate. Data, however, are limited on how teacher-prep graduates are affecting students in K-12 classrooms, particularly through valueadded measures. The report recommends that teacher education programs improve their data collection in that area. —NORA FLEMING Text Publishers Lose In Copyright Case The U.S. Supreme Court last week issued a decision on copyright law that dealt a defeat to educational publishers but eased the fears of teachers and libraries over the use of books published overseas. The justices ruled 6-3 that the important “first sale” doctrine, which holds that the purchaser of a copyrighted item may redistribute it, applies to copyrighted works that are lawfully published outside the United States. The decision was a victory for Supap Kirtsaeng, a native of Thailand who was a U.S. college student when his relatives back home sent him cheaper, foreign-published versions of major college textbooks. Mr. Kirtsaeng sold more than $900,000 of such foreign editions on eBay in the United States, pocketing some $100,000 in profits. In its March 19 decision in Kirtsaeng v. John Wiley & Sons Inc., the Supreme Court concluded that Congress did not intend to restrict the first-sale doctrine geographically. The Association of American Publishers issued a statement expressing its disappointment with the decision. —MARK WALSH LANGUAGE AND DROPOUTS “The English-Learner Dropout Dilemma: Multiple Risks and Multiple Resources” English-language learners are twice as likely to drop out of school as their peers who are either native English speakers or former ells who have become fluent in the language, concludes a report by the California Dropout Research Project at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Synthesizing much of the research over the past three decades on the reasons behind the low academic achievement and high dropout rates of Englishlearners, author Rebecca M. Callahan, an education professor at the University of Texas at Austin, finds that many English-learners are still isolated in English-as-asecond-language programs that focus little, if at all, on academic content. That’s the case even though most states and districts will not reclassify a student as fluent in English until he or she has demonstrated proficiency in both language and academic con—LESLI A. MAXWELL tent. GENDER GAPS “Sex Differences in Mathematics and Reading Achievement Are Inversely Related: Within- and Across-Nation Assessment of 10 Years of PISA Data” An international study published in the journal PLOS-1 highlights nuances of the gender gaps favoring girls’ achievement in reading and boys’ achievement in mathematics. The study, based on a decade of data from 75 countries participating in the Program for International Student Assessment, finds that the global reading gap for boys is three times as large as the math gap for girls. Moreover, the largest math gap worldwide is between highachieving boys and girls. For reading, the gap for boys was most pronounced among the lowest-performing students. Nations with a smaller gender difference in math achievement tended to have a larger reading —ERIK W. ROBELEN gap for boys. n MARCH 27, 2013 5 U.S. School Facilities Given ‘D’ For Sustainability and Upkeep “Report Card for America’s Infrastructure” and “2013 State of Our Schools Report” Many of the nation’s school buildings are in a state of disrepair, two new reports say, and it would cost roughly $270 billion to bring them up to date. The American Society of Civil Engineers’ “Report Card for America’s Infrastructure,” released every four years, analyzes the condition of schools along with energy systems, bridges, and dams. The 2013 report found that while American infrastructure overall ticked up from a D grade in 2009 to a D-plus this year, schools have remained flat, at D—a “poor grade.” There is less information on the status of school buildings than that of other types of infrastructure, such as roads or bridges, because federal data on school facilities have not been updated since 1999, the report says. Total school construction and modernization spending has been on the decline since 2004, falling from nearly $30 billion to a little more than $10 billion last year, according to the report. Since 2009, however, there has been a minor increase in spending on school additions and modernizations. Because school construction is paid for primarily through local taxes, the report authors found construction and maintenance budgets took an outsize hit in the recent recession. That dovetails with findings of a separate new report by the U.S. Green Building Council’s Center for Green Schools. It estimates how much schools should have spent on building upkeep between 1995 and 2008 and how much they actually spent. The gap was $271 billion, it says. And that’s just for upkeep: Modernization would cost $542 billion more, the report estimates. Almost half the nation’s school buildings were built in the 1950s and 1960s. Both reports call on the federal government to collect more information and provide more regular updates on school conditions. The civil engineers’ group says the government should work with states to create a national database of school conditions and available money and financing to improve them; the building council suggests that information on school buildings be collected in states’ longitudinal-data systems. In a blog post, the Center for Green Schools’ director, Rachel Gutter, said collecting such data would, she hoped, allow states and districts to spot and then address safety, health, education, and environmental concerns. —JACLYN ZUBRZYCKI & SARAH D. SPARKS DUAL ENROLLMENT Brian P. An, an assistant professor in educational policy and leadership, tracked the academic paths of 8,800 students in the National Educational Longitudinal Study. He found that students who had taken part in dual-enrollment programs in high school were 8 percentage points more likely to earn a postsecondary degree—and 7 percentage points more likely to earn a bachelor’s degree, in particular—than students who had not participated, after controlling for other student and school characteristics. Mr. An found dual enrollment had an even stronger effect when participants were compared with other students who were not in other accelerated programs, such as Advanced Placement. “The Impact of Dual Enrollment on College Degree Attainment: Do Low-SES Students Benefit?” ENGLISH-LEARNER PARENTS —SARAH D. SPARKS Programs that allow high school students to begin to earn college credit can significantly boost the likelihood that students in poverty eventually go on to earn a college degree, according to a University of Iowa study. “English Language Learners and Parental Involvement” >> For links to these reports, go to n A recent brief from the National Education Policy Center outlines ways for policymakers, districts, and schools to im- prove educational opportunities for English-language learners. Those students tend to be concentrated in schools serving low-income populations and lacking adequate instruction or materials—a problem that is exacerbated by communication and cultural barriers between schools and parents, it says. School-based efforts to strengthen parental involvement could help increase parental efficacy and advocacy, says the brief, written by William Mathis of the nepc. Improved communication, collaboration with families, and an embrace of community culture, it says, could help alleviate educational challenges for ells. Providing parents with avenues to learn English would also help promote ell parent involvement and encourage parents to read and write with their children at home. For policymakers, adequacy studies and identified financial inequities in serving ell students, once reviewed and updated, should be utilized for improved legislation and budget allocations, the brief recommends. —ALYSSA MORONES

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - March 27, 2013

Education Week - March 27, 2013
N.Y.C. System School-Match Gaps Tracked
INDUSTRY & INNOVATION: Educators Questioning Timing of
Resident Teachers Are Getting More ‘Practice’
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Race to Top Districts ‘Personalize’ Plans
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Study Finds Gaps in ‘College Ready’ Math Offerings
Early-Algebra Push Found to Yield No NAEP Boost
Math Teachers Break Down Standards For At-Risk Students
More Teachers Group Students by Ability
San Diego Superintendent Pick Has Deep Parental Ties
Partnership Combines Science Instruction and English Learning
States’ Score Cards Pinpoint Problems Of School Climate
Experts: Later School Start Helps Sleep-Deprived Teens
Blogs of the Week
Project Aims to Expand Web Access
New NAEP Demands Application of Knowledge
Elementary Students Tackling Windmills
Policy Brief
'Parent Trigger’ Laws Catching Fresh Wave
School Angles Seen in Same-Sex-Marriage Cases
‘Sequester’ Cuts Still in Place Amid Budget Wrangling
Political Storm Rages as Acting N.M. Chief Presses on With Job
Congress Eyes Pre-K
REGIS ANNE SHIELDS & KAREN HAWLEY MILES: Want Effective Teachers? Think About Your Value Proposition
ALISON CROWLEY: Getting Rid of the GPS: Teaching the Common Standards in Math
STEPHEN R. HERR: Celebrating Without Accomplishing
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment
AMANDA GARDNER: The Many Keys To Radical Classroom Change

Education Week - March 27, 2013