Education Week - March 22, 2017 - 14


HIDDEN INEQUITIES

An Education Week Analysis

Unseen Disparities
Are Tough to Erase
CONTINUED FROM PAGE 13

Stumbling Blocks

THE NATIONAL
PICTURE
Nationwide, disproportionately
fewer black, Hispanic, and
low-income students take
the advanced courses they
need to be considered college
material-and, consequently,
fewer end up enrolling
in colleges.

Research analyst Alexandra Harwin, research intern
Coral Flanagan and library intern Briana BrockettRichmond contributed to this story.
Coverage of the experiences of low-income, highachieving students is supported in part by a grant
from the Jack Kent Cooke Foundation, at www.jkcf.org.
Education Week retains sole editorial control over the
content of this coverage.
Visit the HIGH SCHOOL & BEYOND blog, which tracks
news and trends on this issue. www.edweek.org/blogs

Ready for college coursework

An outdated student-data system also hobbles
the school's efforts to investigate and track key
indicators of trouble or progress.
Teachers don't have easy access to disaggregated data on coursetaking, college applications, and other dynamics that are influenced
by race and income. Administrators had to funnel enormous effort into assembling the data in

Percent of 2015 ACT-tested high school graduates
meeting three or more ACT college readiness benchmarks, by family income

$100k+

Participation in AP compared with share of school enrollment
2013-14

know when they can mark their arrival. Is it when
their AP classes precisely replicate their student
demographics? Or something short of that?
"Saying that all kids need to get to the same
place by the time they leave, that isn't the right
idea," said science teacher Rachelle Terada. "They
should be better when they leave, better than
they thought they could be. Is that the same for
every kid? I don't know."
Math teacher Anne Gentzler sees it this way:
"It's that age-old debate: Where does each kid end
up, and is that enough?"
Biscan, for his part, is still wrestling with that
question. He knows that many families aren't
yearning for their students to conquer AP and attend a university. His community has many, varied goals for its children. And he knows that for
now, that has to mean more open doors.

2015

cent of the students at the regional center go
on to college; nearly half of those attend fouryear universities.
But racial- and income-based patterns here
are impossible to miss. The bus that brings students to this sprawling complex from Wheaton
North has a much bigger share of minority and
low-income students on it than the campus
they left behind. Some of the programs with
lower earnings potential, such as early-childhood education, are nearly filled with minority
girls, while those with higher income potential,
such as engineering, are dominated by white
male faces.
At the Wheaton North campus, teachers are
reluctant to discuss race- and income-based
patterns in school life, which can hinder the
conversations necessary to uncover and solve
the problems.
Asked about those patterns in I-level, A-level,
and AP classes, most teachers chose to recast
the question, saying they prefer to be colorblind, tailoring support to students based on
their academic or emotional needs, not their
race or class.

response to a reporter's request.
It's just one more source of frustration for
Biscan as his team works to identify and address
inequities in their school.
And yet, it was an analysis of student data several years ago that launched Wheaton North on
its path to move overlooked students into challenging classes.
One of the most elusive and difficult challenges in
that work lies with students themselves, the educators here say. Some can't take on tougher classes
because they have to work or help out at home.
But others decline because they don't have time
in schedules crammed with sports or activities,
they have too many hard classes already, or aren't
confident they can handle tougher courses, said
Robert Longenbaugh, who directs the school's
seven-member team of counselors.
Marc Anderson hears something more in that
"confidence" reason. As a black man, and a Wheaton North social worker attuned to the stories
of students of color, Anderson hears doubts and
fears begging to be chased away by adults with
high expectations.
"There's a mindset that you're not good enough,
or smart enough, that takes shape in elementary
school and persists through high school, and kids
buy into it," Anderson said. "We're the ones that
have to help them see things differently."
That journey is far from over, and educators at
Wheaton North aren't exactly sure how they'll

63%

$60k-100k

48

$36k-60k

35

<$36k

20

Percent of 2016 ACT-tested high school graduates
meeting three or more ACT college readiness benchmarks, by race/ethnicity

53
Percent participating in AP courses
Percent of student enrollment
in schools offering AP courses

Asian

60%

White

49

Pacific Islander

25

Hispanic

23

Native American

17

African-American

11

2016

57

23
SOURCE: ACT 2016

20
15

Postsecondary enrollment

11
5

Black

Asian

4

Hispanic

White

Percent of recent high school completers enrolled in 2- and 4-year colleges,
by race/ethnicity

4

Other*

*Includes two or more races, American Indian, and Pacific Islander students.
Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding.
Some student counts were rounded to protect individuals from being identified.
SOURCE: Education Week Research Center analysis of Civil Rights Data Collection, 2017

Asian

83%

White

71

Hispanic

69

African-American

56

Note: Enrollment in college as of October for individuals ages 16 to 24 completing high school or GED earlier in calendar year.
SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, 2016

14 | EDUCATION WEEK | March 22, 2017 | www.edweek.org

2015

9%


http://www.jkcf.org http://www.edweek.org/blogs http://www.edweek.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - March 22, 2017

Education Week - March 22, 2017
The Hard Work of Making School ‘For Everybody’
Parents See Benefits in Spec. Ed. Vouchers But No Silver Bullet
Trump Education Dept. Has Yet to Hit the Gas
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Cybersecurity Skills in Demand
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Social Media Connects Students to Authors
Fifth graders, from left, Braiden Roy, Pendarrin Cayer, and Lindsay Strout wave to an author visiting them via Skype in Oxford, Maine.
Arts Standards Stress Broad Concepts, Include Media Arts
Plan to Shut Detroit’s Failing Schools Reveals Lack of Options
Kentucky’s Schools Are Poised for a Massive Shake-Up
ESSA Rules’ Rollback Complicates States’ Planning Process
Tuning Up the Message No Easy Lift as Ed. Secretary Settles In
Deep Cuts Proposed for Ed.Dept.
Chris Doyle: Fake News Isn’t New
Nancy Grasmick: The Brain-Health Effect
Letters
Q&A With Gary Younge: Seven Bullets a Day
Readers React
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Tyrone C. Howard: Why Are We Criminalizing Black Students?
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Cybersecurity Skills in Demand
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - 2
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - 3
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - News in Brief
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - Report Roundup
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - Fifth graders, from left, Braiden Roy, Pendarrin Cayer, and Lindsay Strout wave to an author visiting them via Skype in Oxford, Maine.
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - 7
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - Arts Standards Stress Broad Concepts, Include Media Arts
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - Plan to Shut Detroit’s Failing Schools Reveals Lack of Options
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - Kentucky’s Schools Are Poised for a Massive Shake-Up
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - 11
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - 12
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - 13
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - 14
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - 15
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - Tuning Up the Message No Easy Lift as Ed. Secretary Settles In
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - Deep Cuts Proposed for Ed.Dept.
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - 18
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - 19
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - 20
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - 21
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - 22
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - 23
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - Nancy Grasmick: The Brain-Health Effect
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - Letters
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - Q&A With Gary Younge: Seven Bullets a Day
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - Readers React
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - 29
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - 30
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - 31
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - Tyrone C. Howard: Why Are We Criminalizing Black Students?
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - CW1
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - CW2
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - CW3
Education Week - March 22, 2017 - CW4
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