Education Week - March 21, 2018 - 28

COMMENTARY

22
I STAND WITH THE STUDENTS

22
STUDENT-PRIVACY LAWS
SHOULD PROTECT STUDENTS

23

24

YES, BETSY DEVOS, OUR
SCHOOLS ARE INNOVATING

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR

Getty

The War on Teachers Comes to Oklahoma

I

By Lawrence Baines & Jim Machell
n recent decades, public school teachers
have become popular punching bags for
all that is wrong with America. Critics
call public schools "government schools"
and "indoctrination camps." In his inaugural address, President Donald Trump
declared that public schools were "flush
with cash," but that they left "students
deprived of all knowledge."
In many ways, the impending teacher strike in Oklahoma is a crucible of the future of public schools in
America. More than a movement to raise salaries, the
teacher strike is a referendum on respect for a beleaguered profession.
Teachers can change lives and sometimes literally
save them, as teachers at Marjory Stoneman Douglas
High School in Florida proved recently when they sacrificed their lives to protect students from the rampage
of a well-armed killer.
The research on teacher quality finds again and
again that a teacher can make a profound difference
in the life of a child. A teacher can significantly enhance students' sense of well-being, boost students'
future earnings, increase the likelihood that they will
participate in democratic processes, and help build
connections in the brain that last a lifetime.
The current 2019 U.S. budget proposal cuts more
than $3 billion in professional development funds for
teachers. It eliminates the 21st Century Community
Learning Centers Program, which serves students
and teachers in high-poverty schools, and abolishes
Title II, which includes Teacher Quality Partnership
grants that link teacher-preparation programs with
high-needs schools.
The federal government's hostility toward teachers in public schools, particularly in high-needs
public schools, is nothing new. The National Education Association repeatedly asked President
Barack Obama's secretary of education, Arne Duncan, to resign because it considered the administration's federal policies harmful to both teachers and
public schools.
"The American view of teachers lay in our his-

tory," Dana Goldstein observes in her 2014 book, The
Teacher Wars: A History of America's Most Embattled
Profession, "and perhaps had something to do with the
tension between the sky-high hopes for education as a
vehicle for meritocracy and our perennial unwillingness to invest in our public sector, teachers, and schools
included." On "60 Minutes," earlier this month, U.S.
Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos told reporter Lesley Stahl that the government has "invested billions
and billions and billions of dollars" and seen "zero results," which seemed to implicate teachers as part of
the "problem." Last year, DeVos criticized teachers as
being in "receive mode," after a school visit. "They are
waiting to be told what they have to do," she later said
in an interview about that visit.
Somehow, in the midst of a tsunami of hatred
against public education, West Virginia teachers won
their recent strike over poor pay. Despite threats from
legislators, teachers obtained a modest raise of 5 percent, which should defray some of the staggering increases in health costs, but not pull West Virginia out
of the bottom 10 states when it comes to teacher pay.
In fact, teachers in Oklahoma get paid much less
than teachers in West Virginia did pre-strike. They
have not had a raise in 10 years. Oklahoma is 50th
in the country in average teacher salary, 49th in funding per student, and 50th in capital expenditures per
student. According to the Center on Budget and Policy
Priorities, Oklahoma leads the nation in reductions in
per-pupil expenditures since 2008.
Dismal rankings notwithstanding, Oklahoma's
legislature has continued to turn its back on public
education in shocking ways. Last year, in the midst of
a billion-dollar budget shortfall, the legislature considered new voucher laws that would have redirected
hundreds of millions of dollars to private schools. At
the last minute, the legislation was withdrawn, perhaps because of the scarcity of private schools in the
state-96 percent of Oklahoma's 700,000 children attend public schools.
Oklahoma has reduced funding for education as it
has slashed income taxes for the state's wealthiest
citizens. In an illogical move, the state cut taxes on
oil production from 7 percent to 2 percent in 2014.
This was a painful cut and hurt the state deeply.

28 | EDUCATION WEEK | March 21, 2018 | www.edweek.org/go/commentary

"

The
impending
teacher
strike in
Oklahoma is
a crucible of
the future of
public school
teachers in
America."

And, then, last year, Oklahoma-much to the embarrassment of many-reduced its school week to
four days in order to make ends meet. It doesn't take
much to understand why there would be a mass exodus of teachers across state lines.
Oklahoma has one of the lowest rates of union membership in the nation. Like West Virginia, much of the
state's population is poor and many live in rural areas.
In Oklahoma, which has survived battles with the Dust
Bowl, innumerable tornados, and crooked politicians, a
strike is an anomaly. The state is populated by proud,
no-nonsense, hardscrabble survivors.
In general, Oklahomans are proud of their public
schools. In many parts of the state, public schools are
still the cultural, recreational, and social anchors for the
community. A recent poll by the Oklahoma Education
Association found resounding support for teachers; 85
percent of those surveyed believed teacher pay was too
low. The Facebook page "Oklahoma Teacher Walkout-
The Time Is Now!," which supports a teacher strike,
earned more than 50,000 likes in a week.
Some of the largest school districts in the state, including Tulsa, Norman, and Oklahoma City have proclaimed support for teachers, even if they walk out. In
a letter to parents, Sean McDaniel, the superintendent
of the Mustang public schools (about 20 miles southwest of Oklahoma City), said that administrators
were "100 percent committed" to supporting teachers.
According to McDaniel, "No one will be subjected to
disciplinary consequences for walking out of school
in protest of the legislature's failure to provide a pay
raise to teachers along with inadequate funding for
public schools."
While a teacher raise has garnered overwhelming
public support, generated widespread agreement
among school superintendents, and received backing
from the governor and the state superintendent of
education, the momentum might not be enough. Oklahoma's legislators, like legislators in every state, must
decide if teachers and public schools still matter. n
LAWRENCE BAINES is the associate dean for graduate studies
and research at the University of Oklahoma Jeannine Rainbolt
College of Education. JIM MACHELL is the dean of the College
of Education at the University of Central Oklahoma in Edmond.


http://www.edweek.org/go/commentary

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - March 21, 2018

Education Week - March 21, 2018
A Teachable Moment For 2nd Amendment
Student Walkout Taps Well of Anger, Sadness
Sick of Low Pay, More Teachers Prepare to Fight
Contents
News in Brief
Report Roundup
N.D. Districts Can Substitute ACT For State Test
Study: Don’t Use ACT, SAT to Gauge School Achievement
Spreading Social-Emotional Learning Across All Schools
Educators and Finance Officers Team Up for Better Budgeting
Schools Struggle to Use Data To Get Better
Upcoming March Could Draw On Walkout’s Momentum
Walkout Takes Aim at Gun Violence
FACT SHEET: Students With Emotional Disabilities
Response to Shooting Begins to Take Shape
lorida Extends Private-School Vouchers to Bullied Students
Surprise W.Va. Teachers Strike Emboldens Activists Elsewhere
DeVos Still Challenged In Delivering Message
Shakeup in Office Overseeing Student Privacy Rights
MARY BETH TINKER: I Stand With the Students
FRANK LOMONTE: Student Privacy Laws Should Protect Students, Not School Officials
KIRSTEN BAESLER: Yes, Betsy DeVos, Our Schools Are Innovating
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
LAWRENCE BAINES & JIM MACHELL: The War on Teachers Comes to Oklahoma
Education Week - March 21, 2018 - Sick of Low Pay, More Teachers Prepare to Fight
Education Week - March 21, 2018 - 2
Education Week - March 21, 2018 - Contents
Education Week - March 21, 2018 - News in Brief
Education Week - March 21, 2018 - Report Roundup
Education Week - March 21, 2018 - N.D. Districts Can Substitute ACT For State Test
Education Week - March 21, 2018 - Study: Don’t Use ACT, SAT to Gauge School Achievement
Education Week - March 21, 2018 - Spreading Social-Emotional Learning Across All Schools
Education Week - March 21, 2018 - 9
Education Week - March 21, 2018 - Schools Struggle to Use Data To Get Better
Education Week - March 21, 2018 - 11
Education Week - March 21, 2018 - Upcoming March Could Draw On Walkout’s Momentum
Education Week - March 21, 2018 - Walkout Takes Aim at Gun Violence
Education Week - March 21, 2018 - FACT SHEET: Students With Emotional Disabilities
Education Week - March 21, 2018 - 15
Education Week - March 21, 2018 - 16
Education Week - March 21, 2018 - 17
Education Week - March 21, 2018 - lorida Extends Private-School Vouchers to Bullied Students
Education Week - March 21, 2018 - Surprise W.Va. Teachers Strike Emboldens Activists Elsewhere
Education Week - March 21, 2018 - Shakeup in Office Overseeing Student Privacy Rights
Education Week - March 21, 2018 - 21
Education Week - March 21, 2018 - FRANK LOMONTE: Student Privacy Laws Should Protect Students, Not School Officials
Education Week - March 21, 2018 - KIRSTEN BAESLER: Yes, Betsy DeVos, Our Schools Are Innovating
Education Week - March 21, 2018 - Letters
Education Week - March 21, 2018 - 25
Education Week - March 21, 2018 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - March 21, 2018 - 27
Education Week - March 21, 2018 - LAWRENCE BAINES & JIM MACHELL: The War on Teachers Comes to Oklahoma
Education Week - March 21, 2018 - CW1
Education Week - March 21, 2018 - CW2
Education Week - March 21, 2018 - CW3
Education Week - March 21, 2018 - CW4
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