Education Week - March 16, 2016 - (Page 15)

BLOGS Negotiated Rulemaking Committee Members and Constituencies State administrators and state boards of education: * Tony Evers, Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction * Marcus Cheeks, Mississippi Department of Education Local administrators and local boards of education: * Alvin Wilbanks, Gwinnett County Public Schools, Ga. * Derrick Chau, Los Angeles Unified School District * Thomas Ahart, Des Moines Public Schools, Iowa* Tribal leadership: * Aaron Payment, Sault Ste. Marie Tribe, Mich. * Leslie Harper, Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe, Minn.* Parents and students, including historically underserved students: * Lisa Mack, Ohio * Rita Pin Ahrens, District of Columbia Teachers: * Audrey Jackson, Boston Public Schools * Ryan Ruelas, Anaheim City School District, Calif. * Mary Cathryn Ricker, St. Paul Public Schools/American Federation of Teachers, Minn.* Principals: * Lara Evangelista, New York City Department of Education * Aqueelha James, District of Columbia Public Schools* Other school leaders, including charter school leaders: * Eric Parker, Montgomery Public Schools, Ala. * Richard Pohlman, Thurgood Marshall Academy, District of Columbia* Paraprofessionals: * Lynn Goss, School District of the Menomonie Area, Wis. * Regina Goings, Clark County School District, Nevada* Civil rights community: * Delia Pompa, Migration Policy Institute * Ron Hager, National Disability Rights Network * Liz King, The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights * Janel George, NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund* Business community: * Kerri Briggs, Exxon Mobil * Kenneth Bowen, Office Depot* *Non-voting member -Supplement-not-supplant- I n a key move affecting federal funding for schools, negotiators developing proposed regulations for the Every Student Succeeds Act will examine how to devise rules that make clear exactly how federal dollars for low-income students must supplement, not supplant, state and local school funding. The "supplement-not-supplant" requirement has been a part of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act since 1970. It is designed to prevent states and districts from cutting their education budgets and then using federal money earmarked for low-income students to make up the difference. But ESSA now gives districts additional breathing room to meet the supplement-notsupplant mandate, in two ways. First, the latest update to the federal K-12 law ends the previous requirement that districts itemize the cost of various programs funded by Title I money, which is federal funding intended for low-income students. This previous itemization requirement had been designed to show exactly how the services and programs Title I money was funding were truly supplemental services. In addition, districts will now be able to use a single method to show that a Title I school is receiving the same state and local funding it would have if no Title I dollars were available. Previously, different schools were subject to different tests for determining this. Showing Their Work As part of the negotiated rulemaking process, the Education Department has asked negotiators to tackle several questions as they draft regulations for supplement not supplant. Among them: How can districts show their methodology for allocating state and local funds to satisfy supplement not supplant? And how flexible should regulations be to accommodate districts with unusual characteristics, such as those with "particularly small schools"? Under ESSA, the Education Department is prohibited from telling districts which methodology they must use for ensuring the continuity of state and local dollars separate from Title I money. However, districts must use their new method for demonstrating compliance with supplement-notsupplant requirements starting in December 2017. In the list of questions presented to the negotiators for discussion, the department asked them to consider what it would mean for districts to demonstrate the continuity of state and local funds under supplement-not-supplant. Negotiators will also be tasked with considering how the methodology requirement will apply to districts that use school-based budgeting or weighted student-funding systems, and how flexible the regulations should be for districts that have particularly small schools, for example. 'Unfair Shortfalls' In its background paper intended to guide negotiators, the department references "unfair shortfalls in state and local funding" in the context of supplement-not-supplant requirements. That phrase could highlight the department's priorities in developing regulations. "The word 'unfair' shows that they might be looking at this through an equity lens," said Sheara Krvaric, an attorney with the Federal Education Group, a consulting firm that works with states and districts. The department also stated in the background paper that most students in Title I schools (those with relatively large shares of students from lowincome households) are in districts where those schools get fewer state and local dollars per pupil than wealthier, non-Title I schools. Under the No Child Left Behind Act, districts had to show the federal department and external auditors that Title I money was not flowing to programs and services required under state law; that state and local money did not pay for programs and services the previous school year; and that the same programs and services were not provided to other students with non-Title I dollars. Because auditors and others have used those three tests for a long time, it could be helpful for the Education Department, in regulations or elsewhere, to make it clear these three tests no longer have to be used, Krvaric said. Clinton Would Have to Tread Carefully In Rolling Out 'SWAT Team' for Schools | POLITICS K-12 | One of Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton's more notable lines about education during the March 6 debate was her vision for an "education SWAT team." This team of teachers and principals, active and retired, would be backed by the U.S. Department of Education to go into struggling schools to provide emergency support and resources, according to the former secretary of state. TION C Clinton-who made the remarks in fielding a E L E rare question on K-12 education in the 2016 debate cycle-did not pitch this idea explicitly as a federal intervention in schools. But unless she were to handle it the right way if elected, such a proposal could face political blowback. One issue could be the new Every Student Succeeds Act and the priorities of the people who wrote it. Conservative lawmakers like Rep. John Kline, R-Minn., and Sen. Lamar Alexander, R-Tenn., the respective chairmen of the House and Senate education committees, have touted ESSA as a rightful return of K-12 policy power to states after a long, damaging period of Washington meddling. Generally speaking, the new federal education law gives states more authority over several accountability policies, including school turnaround efforts. The interventions that can be used to try to help those schools are left up to districts and states. So if lawmakers, advocates, and others begin to believe that a SWAT team could involve federally backed groups swooping in to put their footprint on a district, the idea may not get far at all. At the same time, it's important to stress that Clinton didn't say a SWAT team could tell districts what to do-she suggested the teams would provide support where desired. And she never indicated her support for a federal takeover of schools or districts. In fact, the Detroit school system is under state control, a situation that Clinton said she opposes. -ANDREW UJIFUSA 2016 In State Without a Charter School Law, Nebraska Parents' Group to Push Issue | K-12 PARENTS AND THE PUBLIC | A group of parents in Nebraska is setting its sights on getting the Nebraska legislature to approve a charter school law in one of the last eight states in the nation without such a law. Parent Clarice Jackson, the founder of Our Children Our Schools, said other states have had charter school laws for up to 25 years, but it's not something that Nebraska "has tapped into." "We know it's not a silver bullet. It could be the right education choice for their child," Jackson said. Supporters of charter schools in Nebraska have had a hard sell. Gov. Pete Ricketts, a Republican, supports charter schools, even signing a proclamation as part of National School Choice Week in January. But Omaha school board members and some lawmakers have had concerns over previous legislative attempts, as have as the Nebraska school board and teachers' union members. Last year, a Nebraska charter bill was heard but died in a legislative committee.  -SARAH TULLY Federal Education Secretary Nominee Wins Approval From Senate Committee | POLITICS K-12 | Acting U.S. Secretary of Education John B. King Jr. is one step closer to being a full-fledged cabinet official: The Senate education committee approved his nomination by a 16-6 vote last week. The nomination will now advance to the floor of the chamber. Sen. Lamar Alexander, R-Tenn., voted in favor of King, even though he said they don't agree on everything. He said he had urged President Barack Obama to officially nominate an education secretary who is "accountable" to the Senate, during the first critical year of implementation for the Every Student Succeeds Act, the newest version of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. The education committee held a collegial confirmation hearing for King late last month. All the Democrats on the committee voted March 9 to confirm King. But a number of Republicans voted no, including Sens. Mike Enzi of Wyoming, Richard Burr of North Carolina, Johnny Isakson of Georgia, Rand Paul of Kentucky, Pat Roberts of Kansas, and Tim Scott of South Carolina. King took the helm of the Education Department on an acting basis by replacing U.S. Secretary Arne Duncan, who had a toxic relationship with many in Congress by the time he left office. -ALYSON KLEIN EDUCATION WEEK | March 16, 2016 | | 15

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - March 16, 2016

Education Week - March 16, 2016
States Hit Accelerator On Accountability
Immigrant Influxes Test U.S. Schools
Researchers Flag Downside Of Moving to Better Schools
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Potential Use of ‘Blockchain’ Tech for K-12 Debated by Experts
Blogs of the Week
Early-Education Measures Percolating at State, Local Levels
Acting Ed. Secretary Urges Congress to Renew Career-Tech Law
ESSA Rulemaking: A Guide to Negotiations
Blogs of the Week
ERIC T. SCHNEIDERMAN: Keeping Schoolhouse Doors Open for Immigrant Children
GARRETT NEIMAN: For Disadvantaged Students, New SAT Is First Step
Q&A With Author David Denby: A Quest for ‘Serious’ Reading In the Digital Age
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
ARNOLD PACKER: Should Citizenship Be a Goal of Education?

Education Week - March 16, 2016