Education Week - March 6, 2013 - (Page 22)

22 EDUCATION WEEK n High Court Hears Case On Voting CONTINUED FROM PAGE 20 were African-American, and 3.1 percent were Hispanic. While the study didn’t distinguish elected from appointed board members in those groups, some 95 percent of board members are elected, the nsba said. ‘Bailout’ The statute allows a covered jurisdiction to seek an exemption—called “bailout”—from Section 5’s preclearance requirements if it has met certain conditions, chiefly a 10-year record of nondiscrimination in voting. The Obama administration submitted a list of covered jurisdictions that have won such exemptions, including several dozen school districts. One of those jurisdictions was Merced County, Calif., which last year received a bailout from preclearance requirements for itself, its 22 school districts, and other local agencies. “After ... decades of compliance with Section 5, extensive work by the county to oversee compliance by independent cities and agencies that it does not control, the expenditure of more than $1 million in legal fees, ... and more than two years of investigations by the United States Department of Justice,” says a friend-of-thecourt brief filed by the county, “the county of Merced finally achieved its goal of bailing out of Section 5 coverage. “That effort finally relieved the county of the stigma of being covered by a statute designed to target historic discriminators.” MARCH 6, 2013 n www.edweek.org House Panel Weighs School Safety Concerns By Alyson Klein Washington School resource officers, additional guidance counselors, and professional development for educators can help schools head off tragedies such as the massacre at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Conn., last December, witnesses told members of the House Education and the Workforce Committee at a recent hearing last week on school safety issues. Left largely unsaid: Expanding federal grants to help schools offer those programs—as Vice President Joe Biden proposed in January—will cost money. And right now, with the federal government in the midst of a budget crisis, there doesn’t seem to be a lot of extra cash on the horizon for new programs. Some lawmakers on the Democratic side of the aisle at the hearing, such as U.S. Rep. Joe Courtney, of Connecticut, said they would like to see more resources for school safety and mental health. But the committee didn’t engage in a robust debate over whether the federal government, or state and local governments, should be financing school safety efforts. Instead, members heard from witnesses about practices that are already in place, including ensuring that school resource officers develop close relationships with students, and updating school safety plans continually. Student Relationships One witness, Bill Bond, was the principal of Heath High School in West Paducah, Ky., the site of a school shooting in 1997 in which three students were killed. Rep. Joe Heck, R-Nev., asked him if there was anything he could have done differently to prevent the shooting. Mr. Bond, who is now a school safety specialist at the National Association of Secondary School Principals, said it would have been helpful if everyone in the building had felt a responsibility for school safety—including students. “Students know more about what’s going on in school than the principal,” he said. “Eight kids saw the gun before the shooting took place.” None of them told him, any of the teachers, or their parents, he said. Jumping off that point, Rep. Robert Andrews, D-N.J., asked whether districts have enough guidance counselors to truly get to know students, so that they might be able to gain their confidence and identify potentially troubled students early. (The average stu- dent-counselor ratio nationwide is 470-to-1.) Right now, however, counselors are pulled in dozens of directions, some witnesses said. “School counselors often spend their time doing schedules,” said David Osher, the vice president of the American Institutes for Research in Washington. Rep. Andrews also asked one of the most provocative questions of the hearing: Did the witnesses, who included a host of school safety and school mental-health experts, think it made sense to arm school officials, a step that some “ Students know more about what’s going on in school than the principal. Eight kids saw the gun before the shooting took place.” BILL BOND Former Principal Heath High School districts are already taking? Nearly all of them said they considered it a bad idea. Frederick Ellis, who handles security in the Fairfax County schools in Virginia said, “It’s a very risky proposition, and I would not be in favor of it.” Gun Control? There was also almost no discussion of gun legislation—which isn’t in the committee’s jurisdiction. But, in his opening statement, Rep. George Miller of California, the top Democrat on the committee, made it clear that school safety and mental-health programs must go hand in hand with comprehensive gun-control legislation. “Any school safety changes in the wake of Sandy Hook must be implemented in tandem with comprehensive gun-violence prevention,” he said. “Common-sense strategies are needed to keep guns out of the hands of those who intend harm.” The Obama administration—and many congressional Democrats, including U.S. Sen. Dianne Feinstein of California—want to crack down on the sale of military-style assault weapons and ensure that buyers undergo background checks before purchasing guns. The Obama administration has already proposed a myriad of programs—at a price of hundreds of millions of dollars—aimed at bolstering school safety and helping schools improve mental-health services. The proposals include new money for schools to hire school resource officers or counselors and grants for states to upgrade their safety plans. It also includes smaller grant programs aimed at helping schools train teachers to recognize the signs of mental illness early, and new money to help school districts establish partnerships with law enforcement agencies, as well as write a grant proposal to help train additional school psychologists and guidance counselors. Questions for the Administration Republicans on the education panel, including Rep. John Kline of Minnesota, its chairman, sent Secretary of Education Arne Duncan and other Cabinet officials a list of questions about the proposals last month. Among them: How would the administration’s proposals differ significantly from school safety and counseling programs already on the books, and how would they avoid the pitfalls of the Safe and Drug-Free Schools Grant program, which was scrapped because the Obama administration and Congress decided that the funds were spread too thinly. Since the administration rolled out its proposals, individual members of Congress, including Sen. Al Franken, D-Minn., have introduced legislation to bolster mental-health services in schools. And Sen. Barbara Boxer, D-Calif., has put forth a set of bills to help schools improve safety. The same day as the hearing, the White House held an event at which Secretary Duncan and U.S. Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano moderated two of the three panels on the emergency-management needs of schools, institutions of higher education, and houses of worship. Two of the participants had deep connections to the K-12 world: John McDonald, the executive director of security and emergency management for the Jefferson County public schools in Colorado, and Natalie Hammond, a teacher at Sandy Hook Elementary School. Staff Writer Nirvi Shah contributed to this report. 9 California Districts Seek Own NCLB Waiver By Lesli A. Maxwell Nine California school districts last week requested a waiver from the No Child Left Behind Act that would set up a radically different school accountability system from the rest of the state and present the biggest political and legal test yet of the U.S. Department of Education’s ability to grant flexibility in exchange for promises to enact certain reforms. More than 1 million students are represented by the group of districts known as the California Office to Reform Education, or core— including Fresno, Long Beach, Los Angeles, and San Francisco. California failed in its own bid for flexibility late last year. U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan has said he is open to district-level waivers, but would prefer to work with states. The department’s current waiver process applies only to states, so just how a district-level waiver process would work remains murky. “People may think this is a waiver from something, when what it really represents is a significant, deep, and authentic embrace of accountability and responsibility to care for all of these kids,” said Tony Smith, the superintendent of the 37,000-student Oakland school system, which is one of the core districts. The core approach to accountability may be the most novel of any of the waiver plans proposed so far. For example, the core waiver would not only measure schools on academic measures, it would also judge progress at eliminating disparities in rates of student discipline and absenteeism, among other factors. The Education Department has already approved waivers for 34 states and the District of Columbia. Raising Hackles That Mr. Duncan is even considering district-level waivers has raised hackles in Congress. Andy Smarick, a partner at Bellwether Education Partners, a nonprofit consulting firm in Washington, warned that the core waiver would “upend 30 years of statebased accountability for schools.” Under’s core’s accountability plan, schools would be graded across three broad domains: academic, social/emotional, and culture and climate. The districts would set common goals across the three domains that would replace the 100 percent proficiency requirements in the nclb law. “We are really asking for much more accountability,” said Rick Miller, the executive director of core. In the academic category, schools would be judged on how students achieve and grow on math and reading assessments, as well as science and social studies. Graduation rates and persistence rates would also be measured. Notably, core’s plan calls for using only student test scores from a school’s highest grade level to judge whether an entire school is meeting goals for accountability purposes. In the social/emotional category, schools would be measured on factors such as how they address uneven suspension and expulsion rates and chronic absenteeism, while the culture and climate component would draw heavily on feedback collected in student, parent, and staff-member surveys. Struggling schools would be paired with a coaching team from a high-performing school with similar demographics for technical assistance and support, and those that don’t improve would undergo a more traditional state intervention, said Michelle Steagall, the chief academic officer of core. The districts would also reclaim a collective $109 million in federal Title I money annually that they currently must set aside to pay for transporting students to higher-performing schools or providing them tutors. The other core districts are Clovis, Garden Grove, Sacramento, Sanger, and Santa Ana. Garden Grove joined core last month and had not yet signed onto the waiver plan. http://www.edweek.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - March 6, 2013

Education Week - March 6, 2013
Los Angeles School Board Race Shatters Spending Records
Feds, States Dicker Over Evaluations
Governors Take Varied Routes in Boosting Aid
Principal Appraisals Get a Remake
Contents
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Study: Best and Worst Teachers Can Be Flagged Early
FOCUS ON: PRESCHOOL: Obama Preschool Proposal Stirs Debate Over Training
Principals Lack Training in Shaping School Climate
KIPP Outpacing Regular Public Schools, Study Finds
INDUSTRY & INNOVATION: Wisconsin Data-Contract Fight Goes Public With Ad Campaign
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Pew Survey Gauges Teachers’ Attitudes About Tech., Equity
Blogs of the Week
Voting Rights Act Case Has Stakes for Districts
Back Home, Top Lawmaker Gets Earful on K-12 Policy
Policy Brief
Sequestration and Education: Frequently Asked Questions
9 California Districts Seek Own NCLB Waiver
House Panel Weighs School Safety Concerns
MATTHEW LYNCH: Tracing Technology’s Unintended K-12 Consequences
ANGELA MINNICI & ELLEN BEHRSTOCK-SHERRATT: Using Teacher Evaluation to Grow
ANITA KRISHNAMURTHI: Recognizing the Impact of After-School STEM
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
JD CHESLOFF: Why STEM Education Must Start In Early Childhood

Education Week - March 6, 2013

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