Education Week - February 28, 2018 - 22

COMMENTARY
Higher Education
By Margaret Spellings
It's no secret that change is underway in education
and beyond. Industries are morphing, jobs are shifting,
and new careers are emerging because of technology. A
century-long trend toward a highly skilled workforce is
accelerating, and our economy will demand greater levels
of education.
More Americans, both young and old, will need education beyond high school. And our institutions will have to
evolve in profound ways to meet their needs.
That's why we must seize this moment as Congress debates the reauthorization of the Higher Education Act,
which governs colleges and universities and provides
them with federal financial support. Our national legislative framework must enable and encourage the changes
we will need over the next decades to build a stronger
system for higher education. Our country has changed
significantly since the act was last reauthorized in 2008.
Achieving consensus will take leadership from Secretary DeVos. I encourage her to support bipartisan negotiations in the Senate to help advance what should be

a shared national priority. She should rally behind the
proven strategies that can get us there: smart financial
aid through a strengthened Pell Grants program, broad
national data capabilities that allow
for transparency with students, outcome-oriented approaches for colleges
and universities, and robust accountability systems that reward student
success and hold all postsecondary
institutions to higher expectations.
A bold reauthorization of the
Higher Education Act will enable
our colleges and universities to support the dreams and aspirations
of all Americans. In the midst of a
challenging political landscape, the secretary has an important role to play in prioritizing sensible approaches to
find common ground. As a former secretary of education, I
encourage her to focus on the places where she can make
progress on equitable access to opportunity. n

What Should
Betsy DeVos
Prioritize?
Now just over a year in office, U.S. Secretary of
Education Betsy DeVos continues to be a lightning
rod in the field of American education. The debate
over her K-12 philosophy and policy ideas remains
vigorous in many quarters. Education Week's
opinion editors were interested in hearing from
people in the field about what they believe matters
most when it comes to schooling children. To that
end, we asked a handful of participants to briefly
consider if they were given the chance to sit down
with the secretary, what issue or course of action
would they urge her to prioritize, and how would
they make their case. This is what they had to say.
-THE EDITORS

MARGARET SPELLINGS is the president of the University of North
Carolina System. She served as the U.S. secretary of education
under the George W. Bush administration, from 2005 to 2009.

Teacher Quality

Personalization

By Marilyn Anderson Rhames

By Karla Phillips

As Betsy DeVos enters her second year on the job, I urge her
to do two things: 1) Invest in innovative programs to improve
teacher quality and recruitment; and 2) expand funding for
school choice programs without defunding traditional public
schools.
It's well documented that teachers are the single greatest
school-based influence in student achievement. Yet, in February, President Donald Trump proposed his 2019 budget which
would eliminate funding for Title II. This would cut programs
and initiatives that recruit, train, and support high-quality
teachers. This signals that the president would prefer to write
off important professional development for teachers who
haven't produced desired results, rather than work to fix the
education system's flaws by working more
closely with educators.
This would be a huge loss for our country's teachers and students. With critical
teacher shortages in many parts of the
country and enrollment for teacher-preparation programs down by more than a
third since the 2009-10 school year, ending
Title II grants would only exacerbate the
teaching profession's struggles.
In addition to providing all teachers
with the supports they deserve, I urge DeVos to explore a
more pluralistic model for public education without dismantling funding for traditional public schools. Over the years, I've
publicly expressed my frustration with traditional schooling
in Chicago and my support for school choice, including private
and home-schooling options. But the only way to prove that
school choice is effective is to allow it to co-exist with a control
group: undisrupted, traditional public schools-some of which
continue to outperform their choice counterparts.
If DeVos defunds traditional public schools to increase funding for charters or vouchers for private schools, then it will be
easier to discredit school choice as an illegitimate education
policy that pilfers money away from the public good. We need to
steadily fund all schools as we continue to explore ways to more
equitably and effectively educate all children.
If the secretary invests in top-notch teacher-development
programs and open pathways for high-quality school choice,
she will support schools and teachers like myself in our work
to fulfill education's promise. n

Education advocates and policymakers have spent decades debating what
students should know and how to measure it. There is an opportunity now to
seize on the growing consensus that
meeting students where they are and
personalizing their learning is not only
a moral imperative, but possibly the
only way we can truly ensure collegeand career-readiness for all students.
Education advocates across the board
agree that states need flexibility and
support to ensure student success. But
how much flexibility can be provided
to states and schools without sacrificing accountability, equity, and quality?
States must have the freedom to take
the lead in answering this question.
Fortunately, the implementation of the

MARILYN ANDERSON RHAMES is the founder of the faith-based nonprofit
Teachers Who Pray. She taught in Chicago public schools for 14 years and
formerly wrote the Charting My Own Course blog for www.edweek.org.

Every Students Succeeds Act creates
the opening for states to do this by requiring essential, annual assessments
while also offering flexibility around
how students are evaluated.
Overhauling a statewide assessment
system takes time and commitment,
as any state leader knows. It also requires an understanding of which
assessment approaches best
support personalized learning
and new college
and career pathways, academic
programs that
are already underway in many
classrooms.
The Education Department can help
by highlighting opportunities for flexibility under ESSA and by sharing best
practices. For example, states should

Leadership by Example
By Maddie Fennell

If I'm going to be honest, the first thing I would ask U.S.
Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos to do is to resign. Working within a large department with limited resources means
that you get the most done when you can set a vision that
inspires people. Her lack of visionary leadership has left a
void that isn't delivering what our kids need.
Now that I've said that, I would suggest the following priorities for the secretary:
* Be the champion of civil rights for those who need protection, such as transgender students. You made schools a
scarier place for some kids when you rescinded the guidance
for transgender students to be able to use a restroom that
reflects their gender identity (rather than their birth certificate). The department should be the protector and voice for
our students whose rights are being denied or marginalized.
* Get out of your bubble. Like anyone else, you came into
your job with preconceived notions based upon your personal
experiences. But great leaders expand their knowledge and
encourage others to challenge them. That's hard for people

22 | EDUCATION WEEK | February 28, 2018 | www.edweek.org/go/commentary

be engaging with a number of assessment ideas that are evolving to better
measure student success, including
computer-adaptive testing. There are
exciting examples of putting states in
the driver's seat that can be shared
and collectively improved as states find
what works best, but I encourage the
department to guide states to approach
these assessments boldly. The Education Department should promote collaboration through networks and consortia while providing policy guidance
on technical issues.
The department can lead by ensuring parties keep their eyes on the ball.
The goal should be to discover better
ways to measure student success while
promoting accountability and equity in
quality learning environments. n
KARLA PHILLIPS is the policy director for
personalized learning at the Foundation for
Excellence in Education.

to do when they make themselves unreachable. Your public
schedule too often says, "Currently, no public events scheduled at this time." You also notify schools of your visits at the
last minute. You do not actively seek or
listen to those whose ideas differ from
yours does not make your constituents
feel heard.
I would ask that you live up to your
own words-"You have to have teachers
who are empowered to facilitate great
teaching"-by expanding teacher voice
in the education department. The number of active educators involved in the
Ambassador Fellows program has been
paired down significantly under your watch.
Finally, I would ask that, when traveling, you fly coach. I
would imagine, for example, that it's hard to empathize with
teachers in Oklahoma who haven't gotten a raise in 10 years,
if you are flying over their state in your private jet. n
MADDIE FENNELL is the executive director of the Nebraska State
Education Association. She was a classroom teacher for 27 years, the 2007
Nebraska State Teacher of the Year, and a U.S. Department of Education
Teacher Ambassador Fellow from 2013 to 2015.


http://www.edweek.org http://www.edweek.org/go/commentary

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - February 28, 2018

Education Week - February 28, 2018
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Computer Science for All: Can Schools Make It Happen?
Pressure to Graduate Failing Students Is Felt Nationwide
U.K. Curriculum Import Becoming Increasingly Popular
Missouri Tackles Challenge of Dyslexia Screening, Services
Lost Sense of School As a Safe Place
Grief and Rage Drive Students To Demand Changes to Gun Laws
A Florida City Forever Changed
Lockdown Drills Prompt Fear, Stress After Parkland
A Long Journey Ahead Seen For Survivors of Shooting
On Social Media, Teens Witness, Grieve, Organize
Legal Issues Loom for District In Shooting’s Wake
One State’s Dive Into K-12 Aid Figures
States Confront ESSA Mandate on Spending Transparency
Several Ed. Dept. Offices Target of Reorganization
Trump Seeks Ed. Dept. Budget Cuts
The Editors: What Should Betsy DeVos Prioritize?
Margaret Spellings: Higher Education
Marilyn Anderson Rhames: Teacher Quality
Karla Phillips: Personalization
Maddie Fennell: Leadership by Example
Shaun M. Dougherty: Career and Tech Ed
Mike Tenbusch : The ‘Have Nots’
Rafiq R. Kalam Id-Din II: Racial-Equity Agenda
Erin McGrath: Lack of Choice
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Jerrod Wheeler: Impact Aid Is a Lifeline for Military-Connected Kids
Education Week - February 28, 2018 - Education Week - February 28, 2018
Education Week - February 28, 2018 - 2
Education Week - February 28, 2018 - 3
Education Week - February 28, 2018 - Report Roundup
Education Week - February 28, 2018 - 5
Education Week - February 28, 2018 - Computer Science for All: Can Schools Make It Happen?
Education Week - February 28, 2018 - Pressure to Graduate Failing Students Is Felt Nationwide
Education Week - February 28, 2018 - U.K. Curriculum Import Becoming Increasingly Popular
Education Week - February 28, 2018 - Missouri Tackles Challenge of Dyslexia Screening, Services
Education Week - February 28, 2018 - Lost Sense of School As a Safe Place
Education Week - February 28, 2018 - Grief and Rage Drive Students To Demand Changes to Gun Laws
Education Week - February 28, 2018 - A Florida City Forever Changed
Education Week - February 28, 2018 - 13
Education Week - February 28, 2018 - Lockdown Drills Prompt Fear, Stress After Parkland
Education Week - February 28, 2018 - A Long Journey Ahead Seen For Survivors of Shooting
Education Week - February 28, 2018 - Legal Issues Loom for District In Shooting’s Wake
Education Week - February 28, 2018 - 17
Education Week - February 28, 2018 - States Confront ESSA Mandate on Spending Transparency
Education Week - February 28, 2018 - Several Ed. Dept. Offices Target of Reorganization
Education Week - February 28, 2018 - Trump Seeks Ed. Dept. Budget Cuts
Education Week - February 28, 2018 - 21
Education Week - February 28, 2018 - Maddie Fennell: Leadership by Example
Education Week - February 28, 2018 - Erin McGrath: Lack of Choice
Education Week - February 28, 2018 - Letters
Education Week - February 28, 2018 - 25
Education Week - February 28, 2018 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - February 28, 2018 - 27
Education Week - February 28, 2018 - Jerrod Wheeler: Impact Aid Is a Lifeline for Military-Connected Kids
Education Week - February 28, 2018 - CW1
Education Week - February 28, 2018 - CW2
Education Week - February 28, 2018 - CW3
Education Week - February 28, 2018 - CW4
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