Education Week - February 18, 2015 - 14

GOVeRNMeNT & POLiTiCs
Calif. Districts Seeking $1 Billion to Fund Testing Mandate
Claim could muddy
common core debut
By Andrew Ujifusa
A push by four California school
districts to increase state funding for
standardized assessments could complicate
the state's rollout of the common
core and aligned tests, as well
as provide an early challenge for a
revamped school finance system that
is not yet two years old.
The Plumas, Porterville, Santa
Ana, and Vallejo unified districts,
along with the Plumas County
Office of Education, are seeking
at least $1 billion in additional
annual statewide funding for the
California Assessment of Student
Performance and Progress. That
system includes new tests that are
aligned to the Common Core State
Standards. The districts argue that
since the state requires these assessments,
it must reimburse the
districts' costs for administering
them.
The California Commission on
State Mandates, which hears claims
of unfunded state mandates, has
tentatively scheduled a May 29
hearing on the matter.
Finding the Funds
The districts are using a so-called
"mandate test claim" under the state
constitution in an attempt to show
that the state mandate has imposed
a new program or higher level of service
at the local level, and has concurrently
imposed higher costs on
districts. If the claim is successful,
the state mandate commission determines
a statewide funding amount to
satisfy the claim, and state government
subsequently decides how to
appropriate that funding.
Several other states, including
Massachusetts, Missouri, and New
Jersey, have similar statutory or constitutional
provisions.
In their mandate test claim, the
districts argue that the costs associated
with the state testing regimen
"
By not providing us with the necessary resources to implement the [tests],
we are forced to forgo funding for other important programs."
JOHN SNAVELY
Superintendent, Porterville Unified School District
range from reporting test results to
parents to new devices for students.
The claim covers fiscal years 2014
and 2015.
In a Jan. 28 statement provided
by the California School Boards
Association, which is supporting
the districts' claim, Santa Ana Superintendent
Rick Miller said the
various costs associated with common-core-aligned
tests designed by
the Smarter Balanced Assessment
Consortium would come to about
$12 million in his district. In the
favor of the districts, it would then
specify the amount owed by the state
to satisfy the testing mandate. California
lawmakers, in turn, would decide
how to appropriate that funding.
Josh Daniels, an attorney for the
school boards association, said because
of the timing of the hearing
and uncertainty about when a decision
will be made, the association is
telling districts not to assume that
any mandate reimbursement would
take place in fiscal 2016.
"It would be fantastic if the goverunusual
for California districts to
file such claims.
While Mr. Zeiger didn't fundamentally
dispute the districts' claim
in this case, he did note that the
state has provided support to districts
for general implementation
of the common core. Over the last
two budgets signed by Gov. Brown,
a Democrat, the state has set aside
more than $1.5 billion intended to
help districts implement the standards.
In theory, some of that money
could have been used by districts to
full claim filed last month, the district
reported that over two years,
it would spend $8.1 million on new
electronic devices, and $3.3 million
in bandwidth and other infrastructure
improvements associated with
the state's mandated tests.
Also in the statement, John Snavely,
the superintendent of the
13,500-student Porterville Unified
district, said: "By not providing us
with the necessary resources to
implement the [tests], we are forced
to forgo funding for other important
programs."
If the state commission finds in
nor were to recognize the constitutional
obligations and address it in
his May revise," said Mr. Daniels, referring
to the revised fiscal 2016 budget
plan that Gov. Jerry Brown is due
to release in May. But he added that
since the revised budget is expected
to come out before the commission
holds its hearing on the districts'
claim, "I don't know if that is likely."
A Complicated Answer
Richard Zeiger, the chief deputy
superintendent of the California
education department, said it isn't
pay for the associated cost of common-core
testing.
"Has the state paid for it? Has it
paid for it adequately? ... The answer
to that is going to be complicated,"
Mr. Zeiger said, adding that because
it can take years to settle such mandate
claims by districts, "the pressure
kind of works both ways."
Due to the recent shift to online assessments,
such as the Smarter Balanced
tests, Mr. Zeiger said the state
has not updated its estimate of how
much state assessments actually cost
districts to administer.
The creation of a new state funding
stream for tests in response to the
districts' mandate claim could run
contrary to the intent of the state's
Local Control Funding Formula.
Lawmakers approved that funding
system in 2013 and eliminated many
of the state's "categorical programs"
that dedicated funds to certain staterequired
K-12 programs. The formula
also gave districts more control over
the use of state funds.
While California has a particularly
robust process for dealing with mandate
claims, several states have similar
statutes or sections of their state
constitutions that districts have put
to use, although they vary greatly in
scope and purpose.
A 2012 American Law Reports
review found that districts in Massachusetts,
Missouri, and New
Hampshire have sued for more state
funding for mandates. One prominent
case, Adair v. Michigan, related
to data districts were required to
PAGE 20 >
Obama, Congress Set to Clash on FY16 Budget
By Lauren Camera
President Barack Obama's fiscal year 2016
budget request marks the opening bid in
what will likely be a messy spending battle
over how to fund the government, including
the U.S Department of Education and
federal education programs, when its purse
empties Oct. 1.
Notably, the president's pitch to Congress includes
an overall 7 percent hike in discretionary
spending, ignoring sequester-level caps,
the funding limits set by lawmakers in 2011.
Under the request, the Education Department
would be funded to the tune of $70.7 billion, a
5.4 percent, $3.6 billion hike over current appropriation
levels.
"I'm not going to accept a budget that locks
in sequestration going forward," the president
said in remarks Feb. 2 after unveiling
his budget. "It would be bad for our security
and bad for our growth."
The budget proposal is a shot across the
bow of the newly minted Republican Congress,
which has promised to both fund the
government through the regular appropriations
process and be aggressive in trimming
back federal spending. Indeed, House
Republicans' most-recent budgets proposed
further lowering spending caps by as much
as 8 percent.
Still, that didn't stop Mr. Obama from
requesting money for a slew of new education
programs and, for the first time in
two years, pitching significant increases
for major formula grants, such as Title I for
low-income students and the Individuals
with Disabilities Education Act.
For the last two years, the president's budget
request proposed level-funding several
mainstay education programs that funnel
money to every district by formula, instead
seeking to push more resources into its signature
competitive grants.
Boosting Title I
This year's request, however, seeks
major increases for some of those formula
grants. Title I would see a $1 billion hike to
$15.4 billion; idea would get a modest increase
of $175 million, bringing the program
to $11.7 billion; and English-Language
Acquisition grants, which haven't seen an increase
in years, would receive a $135 million
boost to nearly $775 million.
The budget also seeks to continue a host
of programs that the Obama administration
has put on the chopping block in previous
years, including the nearly $50 million Elementary
and Secondary School Counseling
program, the nearly $30 million Advanced
Placement program, and the $25 million Arts
in Education program.
14 | EDUCATION WEEK | February 18, 2015 | www.edweek.org
WHERE FUNDING WOULD GO
U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan
explained during a press call earlier this
month that the president's proposed increased
investments in core K-12 programs
are an acknowledgement of Congress working
to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary
Education Act.
"The last time esea was reauthorized,
there was an emphasis on devoting more resources,
but it came up short," Mr. Duncan
said. "We can't let that happen again."
The president is also proposing a sizeable
increase of more than $30 million, or about
34 percent, for the Education Department's
office for civil rights to hire hundreds of
new employees to investigate civil rights
complaints.
The office is currently funded at about
$100 million, and recently has been issuing
civil rights guidance on everything
from single-gender programs to resource
equity.
In addition, the U.S. Department of Health
and Human Services' Head Start program,
which operates early-childhood-education
programs for low-income children, would
see a $1 billion increase, in part to help
programs extend the school day and year.
The budget request would also include the
president's previous $75 billion, 10-year
proposal to significantly expand preschool
PAGE 20 >
Financial-aid programs, including
Pell Grants, which help low-income
students afford college, make up the
single largest funding category in
President Barack Obama's $70.7 billion
discretionary budget request for the
U.S. Department of Education in
fiscal year 2016.
SOURCE:
U.S. Department
of Education
16%
Special
Education
22%
Title I
32%
Pell/
Student aid
30%
All other
programs
http://www.edweek.org

Education Week - February 18, 2015

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - February 18, 2015

Schools Weighing Access To Social Media Passwords
Education Week - February 18, 2015
Measles Outbreak Cues Action On Vaccine Rules
States Shedding Power To Adopt Class Materials
Those Opposing Restraint and Seclusion Gain New Traction With State Legislatures
New Venture to Evaluate Technology
Contents
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Global Skills Study Finds U.S. Millennials Trailing
Broad Foundation Puts Urban Schools Prize On Hold Indefinitely
Blogs of the Week
FCC Plan for ‘Net Neutrality’ Addresses Schools’ Needs
Calif. Districts Seeking $1 Billion To Fund Testing Mandate
Obama, Congress Set to Clash On FY16 Budget
GOP in Driver’s Seat as Congress Tackles NCLB Rewrite
NCLB-Waiver Renewal Gears Up; Duncan Holds Weakened Hand
Blogs of the Week
State of the States
FRANK D. LoMONTE: Don’t Silence Young (Female) Journalists
KAREN HAWLEY MILES: Why Annual State Testing Makes Cents
JANE HIRSCHI: ‘Hands in the Dirt’ Learning
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
GILLIAN McGOLDRICK: When Morality and Law Trump School Tradition
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - New Venture to Evaluate Technology
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - 2
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - Contents
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - News in Brief
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - Report Roundup
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - Global Skills Study Finds U.S. Millennials Trailing
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - Broad Foundation Puts Urban Schools Prize On Hold Indefinitely
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - Blogs of the Week
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - 9
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - 10
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - 11
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - FCC Plan for ‘Net Neutrality’ Addresses Schools’ Needs
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - 13
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - Obama, Congress Set to Clash On FY16 Budget
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - 15
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - GOP in Driver’s Seat as Congress Tackles NCLB Rewrite
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - NCLB-Waiver Renewal Gears Up; Duncan Holds Weakened Hand
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - State of the States
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - 19
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - 20
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - 21
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - 22
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - 23
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - KAREN HAWLEY MILES: Why Annual State Testing Makes Cents
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - JANE HIRSCHI: ‘Hands in the Dirt’ Learning
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - Letters
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - 27
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - 29
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - 30
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - 31
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - GILLIAN McGOLDRICK: When Morality and Law Trump School Tradition
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - CT1
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - CT2
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - CT3
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - CT4
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