Education Week - February 18, 2015 - (Page 12)

DIGITAL DIRECTIONS > Tracking news and ideas in educational technology www.digitaldirections.org FCC Plan for 'Net Neutrality' Addresses Schools' Needs By Michele Molnar Federal Communications Commission Chairman Tom Wheeler recently released a plan to protect "net neutrality" that would meet the needs of schools in a number of ways. The proposal, if approved later this month, would for the first time regulate broadband firms that provide high-speed Internet service as though they are public utilities. The goal is to help maintain a free and open Internet, which is the basis of net neutrality. School and library officials had feared that the fcc, acting in response to a federal court ruling, might change its policies in ways that would restrict access to online resources, specifically by creating a "fast lane" for companies that paid for speedier delivery of their content, which could slow delivery of other content. But the chairman's long-awaited proposal, which is a change in direction from an earlier version that triggered a record 4 million public EDUCATION POLICY TROUBLE SPOTS Recent incidents in states across the country have renewed questions about schools' authority to access and monitor students' personal social-media accounts. ALABAMA: The Huntsville city school district drew criticism after reports that its hiring of a firm to monitor students' public social-media postings led to the expulsion of a disproportionately high number of African-American students. CALIFORNIA: The Lodi Unified school district was forced to scrap a policy that called for student athletes and club members to be punished for inappropriate or offensive social media behavior. ILLINOIS: Some parents protested when the Triad Community School District No. 2, responding to new state laws, sent home a letter saying that schools may ask children for their social-media passwords. MINNESOTA: The Minnewaska Area school district agreed to pay a former student damages and rewrite its social-media policy after a 6th grader was forced to provide her Facebook password to school officials. SOURCE: Education Week 12 | EDUCATION WEEK | February 18, 2015 | www.edweek.org comments, would close the door on that possibility. "I haven't met a school yet that doesn't want an open Internet," said Evan C. Marwell, the ceo of EducationSuperHighway, a San Franciscobased nonprofit that advocates improving Internet access in schools. "We don't want them to have to pay more to have access." Mr. Wheeler apparently took the protests from individuals and organizations to heart. On Feb. 4, he outlined a new plan that would, instead, reclassify broadband as a telecommunications service, giving it the same status as a public utility that receives more careful scrutiny of its practices by the fcc. Under his proposal, the fcc would also: * Secure new rules for an open Internet that also apply to mobile broadband, since at least 55 percent of Internet traffic is now carried over wireless networks; * Ban certain practices that impede an open Internet, including "no paid prioritization" for so-called fast lanes; * Enhance existing transparency rules; and * Give the commission the authority to hear complaints and take appropriate enforcement action when issues arise about the exchange of traffic between large broadband providers and so-called "edge providers," which deliver Internet content and services. The commission is scheduled to vote on the chairman's proposal on Feb. 26. Most observers expect a partisan 3-2 vote, with the commission's Democratic majority prevailing, as it did twice last year in making changes to the federal E-rate program. The E-rate, created by Congress in 1996, pays for improvements to school and library telecommunications services, particularly for disadvantaged communities. In December, the fcc voted to lift the program's spending cap from $2.4 billion to $3.9 billion a year, and in July, the program was modernized to boost support for Wi-Fi technology and to establish more efficiency. Those changes received enthusiastic support from education, technology, and industry groups and the American Library Association. The ala announced its support for Mr. Wheeler's latest proposal, commending him for "asserting fcc authority under both Title II of the Communications Act and Section 706 of the Telecommunications Act of 1966, to provide the strongest possible legal foundation for network neutrality rules," said Larra Clark, the deputy director of the ala office for information technology policy. Impact of Court Ruling Much of this fcc policy activity originated with a January 2014 ruling by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia that held the fcc did not have the legal authority to prevent telecommunications providers from blocking the delivery of lawful online content or discriminating against certain kinds of content providers. That ruling, which was considered a blow to net neutrality, has been interpreted as giving commercial Internet providers significantly more power to block content or set conditions on its delivery before it reaches customers. As net neutrality hung in the balance, "all the gains we had won under E-rate had been at risk," said Douglas A. Levin, who recently stepped down as the executive director of the Glen Burnie, Md.-based State Educational Technology Directors Association. "These rules appear to ensure that the playing field is level," so that schools have the same access as businesses, and ed-tech startups have the same opportunities to reach students as the largest education-content providers. For Mr. Marwell, a provision in Mr. Wheeler's proposal that should help schools would ensure that all providers have "fair access to poles and conduits," part of the above-ground and underground infrastructure needed to deliver broadband. The challenge Laws Inconsistent on Monitoring Students Online CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1 asked to provide his or her password for [social media] accounts in certain circumstances." The letter provoked an uproar among some parents. "There are 50 states and 50 ways to screw [this issue] up," said Luke J. Stedrak, an assistant professor of education at Seton Hall University in South Orange, N.J. "There is no consensus, and the inconsistencies create problems for practitioners." In the past two years, similar controversies have erupted around the country. In Minnesota, a student won a $70,000 settlement in March of last year from the 1,100-student Minnewaska Area school district after being forced to give school officials access to her Facebook account; in California, the 29,800-student Lodi Unified district came under harsh criticism for a policy that allowed school athletic coaches to suspend athletes for inappropriate postings made via social media; and in Alabama, the 23,000-student Huntsville City schools came under scrutiny following reports that it paid a security firm to monitor students' public social-media posts. Sonja H. Trainor, the director of the Council of School Attorneys for the Alexandria, Va.-based National School Boards Association, said schools should be wary of stepping onto a slippery legal slope. "This is generally not an authority that school districts want to have, or that school attorneys would advise them to use very often at all," Ms. Trainor said. Administrator Action The recent controversy in the Triad Community district had its roots in Illinois' Right to Privacy in the School Setting Act, which became law in January 2014. The statute requires K-12 schools to notify students and parents that schools have "the right to request or require a student to iStockphoto provide a password or other related account information" in order to access a student's social-media account-if the school has "reasonable cause" to believe such an account "contains evidence that the student has violated a school disciplinary rule or policy." A subsequent law required schools to outline a procedure for investigating reported incidents of cyberbullying to determine if the school environment was being disrupted- whether or not the alleged incidents occurred on school grounds or via school-owned digital devices. Problems such as online threats "certainly do affect our school day," said Leigh A. Lewis, the superintendent for the Triad district. "Kids are on social media, and there are times when administrators have to get involved." Historically, Ms. Lewis said, students have voluntarily shared problematic online and social-media material with school administrators. Now, though, those officials also have the authority to demand passwords. It was important-and legally required-to let parents know of that change, the superintendent said. But Bradley S. Shear, a socialmedia and digital-privacy lawyer based in Bethesda, Md., is among those who believe parents in the district had a right to be upset. "I think the way the Illinois law is written raises some serious constitutional issues," Mr. Shear said. Demanding personal passwords could violate students' free-speech rights under the First Amendment, as well as their Fourth Amendment protection from unlawful searches and seizures, he argued. Mr. Shear also raised the notion of the "slippery slope," asking what might happen, for example, if a school found evidence of illegal activity by a student's family member while searching the student's social-media account. "Where do you draw the line?" he said. Legislative Movement Louisiana, Maine, Michigan, Rhode Island, and Utah have recently passed legislation related to a school's right to access students' social-media accounts. Generally, those statutes have sought to limit or prohibit requests for student passwords by educational institutions, although the details of those laws vary considerably, and many contain significant exceptions and exemptions. "I think [the issue] is definitely gaining traction," said Mr. Stedrak, the Seton Hall professor. "But you're not going to see consistency across the nation." States have also been active in crafting laws to address similar questions regarding employers' authority to demand access to their employees' social-media accounts and passwords, as well as the rights of colleges and universities to request such information from prospective students. The question of K-12 schools' rights and responsibilities when monitoring students' social-media accounts, meanwhile, has received comparatively little legislative attention. That could change, though, in the event of more publicity around related incidents, such as that surrounding the Huntsville, Ala., school district last fall. In November, AL.com reported http://www.digitaldirections.org http://www.AL.com http://www.edweek.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - February 18, 2015

Schools Weighing Access To Social Media Passwords
Education Week - February 18, 2015
Measles Outbreak Cues Action On Vaccine Rules
States Shedding Power To Adopt Class Materials
Those Opposing Restraint and Seclusion Gain New Traction With State Legislatures
New Venture to Evaluate Technology
Contents
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Global Skills Study Finds U.S. Millennials Trailing
Broad Foundation Puts Urban Schools Prize On Hold Indefinitely
Blogs of the Week
FCC Plan for ‘Net Neutrality’ Addresses Schools’ Needs
Calif. Districts Seeking $1 Billion To Fund Testing Mandate
Obama, Congress Set to Clash On FY16 Budget
GOP in Driver’s Seat as Congress Tackles NCLB Rewrite
NCLB-Waiver Renewal Gears Up; Duncan Holds Weakened Hand
Blogs of the Week
State of the States
FRANK D. LoMONTE: Don’t Silence Young (Female) Journalists
KAREN HAWLEY MILES: Why Annual State Testing Makes Cents
JANE HIRSCHI: ‘Hands in the Dirt’ Learning
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
GILLIAN McGOLDRICK: When Morality and Law Trump School Tradition

Education Week - February 18, 2015

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