Education Week - February 18, 2015 - 12

DIGITAL DIRECTIONS > Tracking news and ideas in educational technology
www.digitaldirections.org
FCC Plan for 'Net Neutrality' Addresses Schools' Needs
By Michele Molnar
Federal Communications Commission
Chairman Tom Wheeler recently
released a plan to protect "net neutrality"
that would meet the needs of
schools in a number of ways.
The proposal, if approved later
this month, would for the first time
regulate broadband firms that provide
high-speed Internet service as
though they are public utilities. The
goal is to help maintain a free and
open Internet, which is the basis of
net neutrality.
School and library officials had
feared that the fcc, acting in response
to a federal court ruling, might change
its policies in ways that would restrict
access to online resources, specifically
by creating a "fast lane" for companies
that paid for speedier delivery of their
content, which could slow delivery of
other content.
But the chairman's long-awaited
proposal, which is a change in direction
from an earlier version that
triggered a record 4 million public
EDUCATION POLICY
TROUBLE SPOTS
Recent incidents in states
across the country have
renewed questions about
schools' authority to access
and monitor students'
personal social-media
accounts.
ALABAMA: The Huntsville city
school district drew criticism
after reports that its hiring of a
firm to monitor students' public
social-media postings led to the
expulsion of a disproportionately
high number of African-American
students.
CALIFORNIA: The Lodi Unified
school district was
forced to scrap
a policy that called
for student athletes
and club members to be
punished for inappropriate or
offensive social media behavior.
ILLINOIS: Some parents
protested when the Triad
Community School District No. 2,
responding to new state laws,
sent home a letter saying that
schools may ask children for their
social-media passwords.
MINNESOTA: The Minnewaska
Area school district agreed to pay
a former student damages and
rewrite its social-media policy
after a 6th grader was forced to
provide her Facebook password to
school officials.
SOURCE: Education Week
12 | EDUCATION WEEK | February 18, 2015 | www.edweek.org
comments, would close the door on
that possibility.
"I haven't met a school yet that
doesn't want an open Internet," said
Evan C. Marwell, the ceo of EducationSuperHighway,
a San Franciscobased
nonprofit that advocates improving
Internet access in schools.
"We don't want them to have to pay
more to have access."
Mr. Wheeler apparently took the
protests from individuals and organizations
to heart. On Feb. 4, he outlined
a new plan that would, instead,
reclassify broadband as a telecommunications
service, giving it the same
status as a public utility that receives
more careful scrutiny of its practices
by the fcc.
Under his proposal, the fcc
would also:
* Secure new rules for an open
Internet that also apply to mobile
broadband, since at least 55 percent
of Internet traffic is now carried
over wireless networks;
* Ban certain practices that impede
an open Internet, including "no paid
prioritization" for so-called fast lanes;
* Enhance existing transparency
rules; and
* Give the commission the authority
to hear complaints and take appropriate
enforcement action when
issues arise about the exchange of
traffic between large broadband providers
and so-called "edge providers,"
which deliver Internet content and
services.
The commission is scheduled to
vote on the chairman's proposal on
Feb. 26. Most observers expect a partisan
3-2 vote, with the commission's
Democratic majority prevailing, as it
did twice last year in making changes
to the federal E-rate program.
The E-rate, created by Congress
in 1996, pays for improvements
to school and library telecommunications
services, particularly
for disadvantaged communities.
In December, the fcc voted to lift
the program's spending cap from
$2.4 billion to $3.9 billion a year,
and in July, the program was modernized
to boost support for Wi-Fi
technology and to establish more
efficiency.
Those changes received enthusiastic
support from education, technology,
and industry groups and the
American Library Association. The
ala announced its support for Mr.
Wheeler's latest proposal, commending
him for "asserting fcc authority
under both Title II of the Communications
Act and Section 706 of the
Telecommunications Act of 1966, to
provide the strongest possible legal
foundation for network neutrality
rules," said Larra Clark, the deputy
director of the ala office for information
technology policy.
Impact of Court Ruling
Much of this fcc policy activity originated
with a January 2014 ruling by
the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District
of Columbia that held the fcc did
not have the legal authority to prevent
telecommunications providers from
blocking the delivery of lawful online
content or discriminating against certain
kinds of content providers.
That ruling, which was considered
a blow to net neutrality, has been
interpreted as giving commercial Internet
providers significantly more
power to block content or set conditions
on its delivery before it reaches
customers.
As net neutrality hung in the balance,
"all the gains we had won under
E-rate had been at risk," said Douglas
A. Levin, who recently stepped down
as the executive director of the Glen
Burnie, Md.-based State Educational
Technology Directors Association.
"These rules appear to ensure that the
playing field is level," so that schools
have the same access as businesses,
and ed-tech startups have the same
opportunities to reach students as the
largest education-content providers.
For Mr. Marwell, a provision in Mr.
Wheeler's proposal that should help
schools would ensure that all providers
have "fair access to poles and conduits,"
part of the above-ground and
underground infrastructure needed
to deliver broadband. The challenge
Laws Inconsistent on Monitoring Students Online
CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1
asked to provide his or her password
for [social media] accounts in certain
circumstances." The letter provoked
an uproar among some parents.
"There are 50 states and 50 ways
to screw [this issue] up," said Luke
J. Stedrak, an assistant professor of
education at Seton Hall University in
South Orange, N.J. "There is no consensus,
and the inconsistencies create
problems for practitioners."
In the past two years, similar controversies
have erupted around the
country. In Minnesota, a student won
a $70,000 settlement in March of last
year from the 1,100-student Minnewaska
Area school district after
being forced to give school officials
access to her Facebook account; in
California, the 29,800-student Lodi
Unified district came under harsh
criticism for a policy that allowed
school athletic coaches to suspend
athletes for inappropriate postings
made via social media; and in Alabama,
the 23,000-student Huntsville
City schools came under scrutiny
following reports that it paid a security
firm to monitor students' public
social-media posts.
Sonja H. Trainor, the director of
the Council of School Attorneys for
the Alexandria, Va.-based National
School Boards Association, said
schools should be wary of stepping
onto a slippery legal slope.
"This is generally not an authority
that school districts want to have,
or that school attorneys would
advise them to use very often at
all," Ms. Trainor said.
Administrator Action
The recent controversy in
the Triad Community district
had its roots in Illinois'
Right to Privacy in the
School Setting Act, which
became law in January
2014.
The statute requires
K-12 schools to notify
students and
parents that
schools have
"the right to
request or
require a
student to
iStockphoto
provide a password or other related
account information" in order to access
a student's social-media account-if
the school has "reasonable cause" to
believe such an account "contains evidence
that the student has violated a
school disciplinary rule or policy."
A subsequent law required schools
to outline a procedure for investigating
reported incidents of cyberbullying
to determine if the school
environment was being disrupted-
whether or not the alleged incidents
occurred on school grounds or via
school-owned digital devices.
Problems such as online threats
"certainly do affect our school day,"
said Leigh A. Lewis, the superintendent
for the Triad district. "Kids
are on social media, and there are
times when administrators have to
get involved."
Historically, Ms. Lewis said, students
have voluntarily shared problematic
online and social-media material
with school administrators.
Now, though, those officials also have
the authority to demand passwords.
It was important-and legally required-to
let parents know of that
change, the superintendent said.
But Bradley S. Shear, a socialmedia
and digital-privacy lawyer
based in Bethesda, Md., is among
those who believe parents in the
district had a right to be upset.
"I think the way the Illinois law is
written raises some serious constitutional
issues," Mr. Shear said.
Demanding personal passwords
could violate students' free-speech
rights under the First Amendment,
as well as their Fourth Amendment
protection from unlawful searches
and seizures, he argued.
Mr. Shear also raised the notion
of the "slippery slope," asking what
might happen, for example, if a school
found evidence of illegal activity by
a student's family member while
searching the student's social-media
account.
"Where do you draw the line?" he
said.
Legislative Movement
Louisiana, Maine, Michigan, Rhode
Island, and Utah have recently
passed legislation related to a school's
right to access students' social-media
accounts. Generally, those statutes
have sought to limit or prohibit requests
for student passwords by
educational institutions, although
the details of those laws vary considerably,
and many contain significant
exceptions and exemptions.
"I think [the issue] is definitely
gaining traction," said Mr. Stedrak,
the Seton Hall professor. "But you're
not going to see consistency across
the nation."
States have also been active in
crafting laws to address similar questions
regarding employers' authority
to demand access to their employees'
social-media accounts and passwords,
as well as the rights of colleges and
universities to request such information
from prospective students.
The question of K-12 schools' rights
and responsibilities when monitoring
students' social-media accounts,
meanwhile, has received comparatively
little legislative attention.
That could change, though, in
the event of more publicity around
related incidents, such as that surrounding
the Huntsville, Ala., school
district last fall.
In November, AL.com reported
http://www.digitaldirections.org http://www.AL.com http://www.edweek.org

Education Week - February 18, 2015

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - February 18, 2015

Schools Weighing Access To Social Media Passwords
Education Week - February 18, 2015
Measles Outbreak Cues Action On Vaccine Rules
States Shedding Power To Adopt Class Materials
Those Opposing Restraint and Seclusion Gain New Traction With State Legislatures
New Venture to Evaluate Technology
Contents
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Global Skills Study Finds U.S. Millennials Trailing
Broad Foundation Puts Urban Schools Prize On Hold Indefinitely
Blogs of the Week
FCC Plan for ‘Net Neutrality’ Addresses Schools’ Needs
Calif. Districts Seeking $1 Billion To Fund Testing Mandate
Obama, Congress Set to Clash On FY16 Budget
GOP in Driver’s Seat as Congress Tackles NCLB Rewrite
NCLB-Waiver Renewal Gears Up; Duncan Holds Weakened Hand
Blogs of the Week
State of the States
FRANK D. LoMONTE: Don’t Silence Young (Female) Journalists
KAREN HAWLEY MILES: Why Annual State Testing Makes Cents
JANE HIRSCHI: ‘Hands in the Dirt’ Learning
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
GILLIAN McGOLDRICK: When Morality and Law Trump School Tradition
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - New Venture to Evaluate Technology
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - 2
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - Contents
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - News in Brief
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - Report Roundup
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - Global Skills Study Finds U.S. Millennials Trailing
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - Broad Foundation Puts Urban Schools Prize On Hold Indefinitely
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - Blogs of the Week
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - 9
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - 10
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - 11
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - FCC Plan for ‘Net Neutrality’ Addresses Schools’ Needs
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - 13
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - Obama, Congress Set to Clash On FY16 Budget
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - 15
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - GOP in Driver’s Seat as Congress Tackles NCLB Rewrite
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - NCLB-Waiver Renewal Gears Up; Duncan Holds Weakened Hand
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - State of the States
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - 19
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - 20
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - 21
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - 22
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - 23
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - KAREN HAWLEY MILES: Why Annual State Testing Makes Cents
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - JANE HIRSCHI: ‘Hands in the Dirt’ Learning
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - Letters
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - 27
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - 29
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - 30
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - 31
Education Week - February 18, 2015 - GILLIAN McGOLDRICK: When Morality and Law Trump School Tradition
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Education Week - February 18, 2015 - CT2
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Education Week - February 18, 2015 - CT4
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