Education Week - February 17, 2016 - (Page 5) but deemed the least well prepared, would be required to attend community college first, under a change being considered by North Carolina's university system. The idea came from the state's GOP lawmakers, who inserted language outlining the program in the state budget. The legislature has been increasingly critical of North Carolina's higher education system, according to The Chronicle of Higher Education. Once students complete associate degrees within three years, they would be guaranteed enrollment at the four-year institutions. The program would begin with students entering college in fall 2017. -CATHERINE GEWERTZ First Female Football Coach Hired in Florida A reality-TV star has been hired as the first female high school football head coach in Florida history. Miami Jackson High School announced last week that Lakatriona Brunson will become the Generals' new coach. She has gained attention in recent years on the reality series "South Beach Tow." The physical education teacher attended Miami Northwestern in the early 1990s. She was a track and field athlete and basketball standout, and went on to play basketball for Tennessee State University. Brunson also played for the Miami Fury women's football team more than a decade ago. -AP Md. District Prohibits Field Trips to Baltimore The Harford County school system in Maryland has banned field trips to Baltimore indefinitely, citing safety concerns following the unrest over the death of Freddie Gray and the subsequent trials of police officers charged in his death. City leaders have called the decision misguided and ill-informed, saying it denies Harford students cultural, educational, and recreational opportunities and reinforces some negative stereotypes about the city. Gray's death in April after being injured in the back of a police van spurred protests and rioting. The unrest resumed in December, when the trial of the first police officer charged in Gray's death began. Some school systems cancelled trips to Baltimore during that time. Since then, all counties have lifted the prohibition except for Harford. -AP CORRECTION An article in the Jan. 27, 2016, issue of Education Week about the debate over school aid in Kansas incorrectly stated that a temporary block-grant formula provides no annual funding increases. It should have stated that districts contend the block-grant increases will fail to compensate for increased costs in areas such as administration, operations, and teacher staffing. "Exploring the Content and Quality of Next Generation Assessments" and "Next Generation High School Assessments" The PARCC and Smarter Balanced assessments do a better job gauging the depth and complexity of important academic skills and knowledge than do the ACT Aspire or Massachusetts' MCAS exam, according to a study released last week. The study, performed by teams of assessment and content experts for the Thomas B. Fordham Institute, evaluates two aspects of the tests at the 5th and 8th grade levels: how well they emphasize the content that's most important at each grade for students on the path to college readiness, and how well they require students to demonstrate a wide range of thinking skills, especially the higher-order skills, which have historically been shortchanged in states' tests. A report by the Human Resources Research Organization, or HumRRO, also released last week, examines the same tests at the high school level. The two research teams fashioned their studies to reflect the priorities in the Council of Chief State School Officers' "Criteria for Procuring and Evaluating High-Quality Assessments," released in October 2013. The Fordham study was funded by seven foundations that support the Common Core State Standards, including the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, which also supports Education Week's coverage of standards and curriculum. -CATHERINE GEWERTZ STUDENT BEHAVIOR "The Effects of Viewing Physical and Relational Aggression in the Media" Every teen and tween show at some point brings in gossip or bullying to amp up the drama. But years of watching relational aggression on television is linked to more peer bullying in real life years down the line, suggests a study in the February issue of the journal Developmental Psychology. Brigham Young University associate professor Sarah Coyne tracked 467 teenagers within a larger longitudinal family-life study. Coyne found students exposed to so-called "relational aggression"-rumor-mongering, ostracizing students, and so on-on television early on were more aggressive to their own friends three years later. For example, boys and girls alike were more likely to agree that, "when mad at a person, I try to make sure that the person is left out of group activities." While Coyne found students tended to watch more physically violent shows as older adolescents if they had been exposed to them as younger teenagers, that wasn't the case for relational bullying. She also noted that while physical violence in television shows was portrayed as negative and abnormal, social bullying was portrayed as more normal. -SARAH D. SPARKS PARENT INVOLVEMENT "Overparenting and Homework" An Australian study in the Journal of Psychologists and Counsellors in Schools is the latest in a pile of evidence suggesting that, while parental involvement in education is generally helpful, parents don't always recognize when their involvement crosses the line into harmful "overparenting." Researchers at Queensland University of Technology in Australia surveyed 866 parents from local independent schools on their parenting beliefs and their attitudes about their children's homework. The most highly involved parents were no dif- ferent from other parents in how much responsibility they expected their children to take in doing homework. But they did take significantly more personal responsibility than other parents-and expect teachers to do the same-in making sure the homework was done. Those who scored high on overparenting continued to tightly supervise children into middle and high school-a point where researchers said intense parental supervision becomes developmentally inappropriate. -S.D.S. the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act requires a lot of paperwork, but that districts and states are afraid of making major changes and risking a lawsuit from parents. Also, the report noted that individual states and districts impose their own burdens that the federal government has nothing to do with, which means any paperwork reduction efforts at the federal level would have limited impact. -CHRISTINA A. SAMUELS RURAL EDUCATION "A Perfect Storm" SPECIAL EDUCATION "State and Local-Imposed Requirements Complicate Efforts to Reduce Administrative Burden" No state has taken the federal government up on initiatives legislated in 2004 that were aimed at reducing the paperwork burden in special education. That nugget comes from a report released last week from the General Accountability Office, a congressional watchdog agency. GAO officials talked with parents, teachers, central office staffers, and state administrators in 37 states. In addition, the GAO visited Rochester, N.Y., and Clinton, Ark., to get an on-the-ground perspective from an urban and a rural district. What they found was a general sense that Wisconsin's rural school districts are facing declining enrollment and increased child poverty, which may lead to a decline in funding and fewer educational opportunities, according to a new report. Sarah Kemp, a researcher at the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Applied Population Laboratory analyzed enrollment trends, school costs, and poverty for the report. She found that while enrollment has increased in 65 percent of urban districts and 53 percent of suburban districts, only 26.5 percent of rural school districts saw an increase in enrollment. Seventy-three percent of rural districts saw enrollment decline, which means state funding that is tied to enrollment could also decrease. -JACKIE MADER Do Segregated Schools Breed Crime Partnerships? "Partners in Crime: Schools, Neighborhoods, and the Formation of Criminal Networks" Segregating poor minority students in impoverished schools not only makes it difficult for them to make the academic connections to get to college-it makes it much easier for students to instead make connections to crime. In a working paper from the National Bureau of Economic Research, economists Stephen Billings of the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Stephen Ross of the University of Connecticut in Storrs, and David Deming of the Harvard Graduate School of Education linked data from the Charlotte-Mecklenburg, N.C., public schools with local police-arrest records. They found that students who lived within a kilometer of each other-walking distance to each others' houses, and close enough that they would probably see each other at local stores and parks-and who also attended the same school and grade were significantly more likely to be arrested together. Students were not more likely to be arrested together if they attended school together but lived farther away, or if they were neighbors on opposite sides of an attendance boundary. "You can be in the same classes, and maybe it's a positive framework where you study together or do projects together," Billings said, "or maybe you both decide to skip or do something [delinquent] after school together." -SARAH D. SPARKS PROBABILITY FOR CRIMINAL PARTNERSHIPS (SAME SCHOOL/GRADE VS. DIFFERENT SCHOOL/SAME GRADE) The likelihood that students who live 04 TESTING near one another will team up for crimerelated actitivies rises sharply if they Partnership Probability 0 01 02 03 REPORT ROUNDUP also attend the same school, according to researchers who studied data on the Charlotte-Mecklenburg community. 0 km 1 km Pairwise Distance Same School/Grade 2 km 3 km Different School/Same Grade EDUCATION WEEK | February 17, 2016 | | 5

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - February 17, 2016

Education Week - February 17, 2016
Preservice Programs Seek To Head Off Teacher Biases
Black Male Teachers a Rarity
Consolidation Fight Erupts In Vermont
In Cities With Choice, Single- Enrollment Systems Hit Hurdles
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Letting Students Work From Home Adds Policy Twist
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Q&A: Principals Urged To ‘Shadow’ Students
Study: Showing Standout Work To Students Can Backfire
U.S. Manages to Reduce Share Of Low PISA Scores— in Science
Blogs of the Week
Lawmakers Pledging to Keep Close Eye on ESSA Implementation
Obama Budget Doubles As Policy Document
Blogs of the Week
Five-State Study Examines Teaching Shifts Under Core
Kansas High Court Strikes Down Stopgap Aid Formula
State of the States
Increased Accountability of Teacher Prep Gives Equity the Back Seat
Self-Care Is the Educator’s Core Standard
Beware the Racist Subtext Of Children’s Books
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Dispatch From Flint, Mich.: Our Water Crisis Is a Crisis of Trust

Education Week - February 17, 2016