Education Week - February 17, 2016 - (Page 5)
but deemed the least well prepared,
would be required to attend community college first, under a change
being considered by North Carolina's university system.
The idea came from the state's
GOP lawmakers, who inserted language outlining the program in the
state budget. The legislature has
been increasingly critical of North
Carolina's higher education system, according to The Chronicle of
Once students complete associate degrees within three years, they
would be guaranteed enrollment at
the four-year institutions. The program would begin with students
entering college in fall 2017.
First Female Football Coach
Hired in Florida
A reality-TV star has been hired
as the first female high school football head coach in Florida history.
Miami Jackson High School announced last week that Lakatriona
Brunson will become the Generals'
new coach. She has gained attention
in recent years on the reality series
"South Beach Tow."
The physical education teacher attended Miami Northwestern in the
early 1990s. She was a track and
field athlete and basketball standout, and went on to play basketball
for Tennessee State University.
Brunson also played for the Miami
Fury women's football team more
than a decade ago.
Md. District Prohibits
Field Trips to Baltimore
The Harford County school system in Maryland has banned field
trips to Baltimore indefinitely, citing
safety concerns following the unrest
over the death of Freddie Gray and
the subsequent trials of police officers charged in his death.
City leaders have called the decision misguided and ill-informed,
saying it denies Harford students
cultural, educational, and recreational opportunities and reinforces
some negative stereotypes about the
Gray's death in April after being
injured in the back of a police
van spurred protests and rioting.
The unrest resumed in December,
when the trial of the first police officer charged in Gray's death began.
Some school systems cancelled trips
to Baltimore during that time. Since
then, all counties have lifted the
prohibition except for Harford. -AP
An article in the Jan. 27, 2016,
issue of Education Week about the
debate over school aid in Kansas
incorrectly stated that a temporary
block-grant formula provides no annual funding increases. It should
have stated that districts contend
the block-grant increases will
fail to compensate for increased
costs in areas such as administration, operations, and teacher
"Exploring the Content and Quality of Next
Generation Assessments" and "Next Generation
High School Assessments"
The PARCC and Smarter Balanced assessments do a better job gauging the depth and
complexity of important academic skills and
knowledge than do the ACT Aspire or Massachusetts' MCAS exam, according to a study
released last week.
The study, performed by teams of assessment and content experts for the Thomas
B. Fordham Institute, evaluates two aspects
of the tests at the 5th and 8th grade levels:
how well they emphasize the content that's
most important at each grade for students
on the path to college readiness, and how
well they require students to demonstrate a
wide range of thinking skills, especially the
higher-order skills, which have historically
been shortchanged in states' tests.
A report by the Human Resources Research Organization, or HumRRO, also released last week, examines the same tests at
the high school level.
The two research teams fashioned their studies to reflect the priorities in the Council of
Chief State School Officers' "Criteria for Procuring and Evaluating High-Quality Assessments,"
released in October 2013. The Fordham study
was funded by seven foundations that support
the Common Core State Standards, including
the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, which
also supports Education Week's coverage of
standards and curriculum.
"The Effects of Viewing Physical and Relational
Aggression in the Media"
Every teen and tween show at some point
brings in gossip or bullying to amp up the
drama. But years of watching relational aggression on television is linked to more peer bullying in real life years down the line, suggests a
study in the February issue of the journal Developmental Psychology.
Brigham Young University associate professor Sarah Coyne tracked 467 teenagers within
a larger longitudinal family-life study. Coyne
found students exposed to so-called "relational
aggression"-rumor-mongering, ostracizing students, and so on-on television early on were
more aggressive to their own friends three
years later. For example, boys and girls alike
were more likely to agree that, "when mad at a
person, I try to make sure that the person is left
out of group activities."
While Coyne found students tended to watch
more physically violent shows as older adolescents if they had been exposed to them as
younger teenagers, that wasn't the case for relational bullying. She also noted that while physical violence in television shows was portrayed as
negative and abnormal, social bullying was portrayed as more normal.
-SARAH D. SPARKS
"Overparenting and Homework"
An Australian study in the Journal of Psychologists and Counsellors in Schools is the
latest in a pile of evidence suggesting that,
while parental involvement in education is
generally helpful, parents don't always recognize when their involvement crosses the line
into harmful "overparenting."
Researchers at Queensland University of
Technology in Australia surveyed 866 parents from local independent schools on their
parenting beliefs and their attitudes about
their children's homework.
The most highly involved parents were no dif-
ferent from other parents in how much responsibility they expected their children to take in
But they did take significantly more personal
responsibility than other parents-and expect
teachers to do the same-in making sure the
homework was done. Those who scored high on
overparenting continued to tightly supervise
children into middle and high school-a point
where researchers said intense parental supervision becomes developmentally inappropriate.
the Individuals with Disabilities Education
Act requires a lot of paperwork, but that districts and states are afraid of making major
changes and risking a lawsuit from parents.
Also, the report noted that individual states
and districts impose their own burdens that
the federal government has nothing to do with,
which means any paperwork reduction efforts
at the federal level would have limited impact.
-CHRISTINA A. SAMUELS
"A Perfect Storm"
"State and Local-Imposed Requirements
Complicate Efforts to Reduce
No state has taken the federal government
up on initiatives legislated in 2004 that were
aimed at reducing the paperwork burden in
That nugget comes from a report released
last week from the General Accountability Office, a congressional watchdog agency.
GAO officials talked with parents, teachers,
central office staffers, and state administrators in
37 states. In addition, the GAO visited Rochester,
N.Y., and Clinton, Ark., to get an on-the-ground
perspective from an urban and a rural district.
What they found was a general sense that
Wisconsin's rural school districts are facing
declining enrollment and increased child poverty, which may lead to a decline in funding and
fewer educational opportunities, according to a
Sarah Kemp, a researcher at the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Applied Population Laboratory analyzed enrollment trends,
school costs, and poverty for the report.
She found that while enrollment has increased
in 65 percent of urban districts and 53 percent
of suburban districts, only 26.5 percent of rural
school districts saw an increase in enrollment.
Seventy-three percent of rural districts saw
enrollment decline, which means state funding
that is tied to enrollment could also decrease.
Do Segregated Schools Breed Crime Partnerships?
"Partners in Crime: Schools, Neighborhoods, and the
Formation of Criminal Networks"
Segregating poor minority students in impoverished schools not only makes it
difficult for them to make the academic connections to get to college-it makes it
much easier for students to instead make connections to crime.
In a working paper from the National Bureau of Economic Research, economists
Stephen Billings of the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Stephen Ross of
the University of Connecticut in Storrs, and David Deming of the Harvard Graduate School of Education linked data from the Charlotte-Mecklenburg, N.C., public
schools with local police-arrest records.
They found that students who lived within a kilometer of each other-walking
distance to each others' houses, and close enough that they would probably see each
other at local stores and parks-and who also attended the same school and grade
were significantly more likely to be arrested together. Students were not more likely
to be arrested together if they attended school together but lived farther away, or if
they were neighbors on opposite sides of an attendance boundary.
"You can be in the same classes, and maybe it's a positive framework where you
study together or do projects together," Billings said, "or maybe you both decide to
skip or do something [delinquent] after school together."
-SARAH D. SPARKS
PROBABILITY FOR CRIMINAL PARTNERSHIPS
(SAME SCHOOL/GRADE VS. DIFFERENT SCHOOL/SAME GRADE)
The likelihood that students who live
near one another will team up for crimerelated actitivies rises sharply if they
also attend the same school, according
to researchers who studied data on the
Different School/Same Grade
EDUCATION WEEK | February 17, 2016 | www.edweek.org | 5
Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - February 17, 2016
Education Week - February 17, 2016
Preservice Programs Seek To Head Off Teacher Biases
Black Male Teachers a Rarity
Consolidation Fight Erupts In Vermont
In Cities With Choice, Single- Enrollment Systems Hit Hurdles
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Letting Students Work From Home Adds Policy Twist
News in Brief
Q&A: Principals Urged To ‘Shadow’ Students
Study: Showing Standout Work To Students Can Backfire
U.S. Manages to Reduce Share Of Low PISA Scores— in Science
Blogs of the Week
Lawmakers Pledging to Keep Close Eye on ESSA Implementation
Obama Budget Doubles As Policy Document
Blogs of the Week
Five-State Study Examines Teaching Shifts Under Core
Kansas High Court Strikes Down Stopgap Aid Formula
State of the States
Increased Accountability of Teacher Prep Gives Equity the Back Seat
Self-Care Is the Educator’s Core Standard
Beware the Racist Subtext Of Children’s Books
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Dispatch From Flint, Mich.: Our Water Crisis Is a Crisis of Trust
Education Week - February 17, 2016