Education Week - February 17, 2016 - (Page 17)

Kansas High Court Strikes Down Stopgap Aid Formula State lawmakers get deadline for revision Daarel Burnette II Last week's Kansas supreme court ruling that the state's stopgap funding formula violates its constitution will leave the legislature scrambling to come up with a formula acceptable to the court by the end of the fiscal year in June or risk not having schools open for the 2016-17 academic year. The state's high court said Feb. 11 that the formula is inequitable and unconstitutional, leaving districts that serve the state's poorest students $54 million short annually. The court has yet to rule on another part of the long-running lawsuit, Gannon v. State of Kansas, dealing with adequacy of funding, which would require the legislature to increase its aid to education by $548 million. The state spends around $4 billion a year on education. "Without a constitutionally equitable school finance system, the schools in Kansas will be unable to STATE of the STATES operate beyond June 30," the court said in its opinion, which upheld a lower court's ruling on the blockfunding issue. "The legislature's chosen path during the 2016 session will ultimately determine whether Kansas students will be treated fairly and the schoolhouse doors will be open to them in August." Aftershocks Expected "Kansas has among the best schools in the nation, and an activist Kansas supreme court is threatening to shut them down," Republican Gov. Sam Brownback said in a statement. But school districts were pleased, hoping that the ruling would eventually lead to more money being poured into their coffers. "It all comes back to the fact that districts have very differing abilities to raise revenue to fund schools because of differences in property valuation, and the court is simply saying, 'You cannot allow those differences to exist in a way that could affect the quality of education in these different districts,' " said Mark Tallman, the lobbyist for the Kansas Association of School Boards. "In that sense, that has always been a key principle we have supported, and hopefully the legislature will be able to quickly respond to this." Some lawmakers took a quite opposite view. "It's essentially a temper tantrum by the courts to push their political will on the legislature," said State Sen. Jeff Melcher, a Republican. "It's kind of one of those things: 'Give us the money, or the kid gets it.' " The state legislature last week was in the thick of finalizing its budget for next year, and the ruling is likely to hamper that process. Lawmakers, courts, and school districts have been sparring for years over the amount schools are provided by the state and how that money is distributed. In 2010, the Dodge City, Hutchinson, Kansas City, and Wichita districts sued the state, alleging that its funding formula hurts poor and minority students the most and fails to distribute enough money to provide an adequate education. After the state supreme court ruled in 2014 that the state's funding formula was inequitable, the legislature added $140 million last year to its education budget and put in place the block-grant funding formula as " Without a constitutionally equitable school finance system, the schools in Kansas will be unable to operate." KANSAS SUPREME COURT Gannon v. State of Kansas a two-year stopgap measure until it could come up with a better formula. But superintendents complained that the block grant froze most funding outside the state's teacher-pension fund and fell $54 million short last year, forcing them to ultimately lay off staff and close schools early. The four districts sued again, this time claiming that the block-grant formula was also inadequate and inequitable, a battle they won in a lower court. The state appealed, leading to last week's ruling. The state supreme court is expected to rule on the adequacy part of the lawsuit later this year. The state slashed its personal income taxes in 2012 and 2013, leading to funding shortfalls. Brownback has argued that the state's education funding continues to set annual records and provides stability for the state and districts. Last month, a legislative committee report said superintendents are spending $1 billion more than they did a decade ago in state money though the enrollment has climbed only 7 percent, and yet student performance has either stagnated or fallen. Going forward, the state government needs to more heavily scrutinize school district spending and consolidate services across the state, the report said. The Associated Press contributed to this report. www.edweek.org/go/sos NEW HAMPSHIRE: Here are summaries of recent annual addresses by governors around the country. Gov. Maggie Hassan, D-N.H., highlighted preparation for college and the workforce and early-childhood issues in her annual address to legislators. HAWAII Of the brief time the governor devoted to education in his State of the State speech, most of it was focused on bringing clean energy to the classroom. Hawaii needs to find more efficient ways to cool classrooms, Ige said, to relieve the state's dependence on imported fossil fuels. He plans to use $100 million in Green Energy Market Securitization funds from the state's energy department to make classrooms more energy efficient. ARIANNA PROTHERO - NEW HAMPSHIRE GOV. MAGGIE HASSAN (D) * FEB. 4 The governor told legislators that preparing K-12 students for higher education and the changing workforce, in particular by improving science, technology, engineering, and math education, is a priority. New Hampshire has been a leader in competency-based education, Hassan noted. A handful of schools in the state are now attempting to reduce standardized testing "in favor of more locally managed assessments that are integrated into the student's day-today work-a model that is expanding nationally based on our success," she said. The governor also said she'll focus on early-childhood education, including working to give all children access to fullday kindergarten. Further, the state will expand after- Jim Cole/AP GOV. DAVID IGE (D) * JAN. 25 school and youth-employment programs. And through a new pilot program, counselors will work with at-risk middle school students "to develop education and career plans," she said. LIANA HEITIN - PENNSYLVANIA GOV. TOM WOLF (D) * FEB. 9 In his second annual budget address, Wolf berated Pennsylvania lawmakers for being more than 200 days late-and counting-in passing a version of his first budget, originally presented almost a year ago as a way to restore years of cuts to public education while also addressing the state's long-term structural deficit. "We are sitting at the bottom of a $2 billion hole. It is simply unbelievable that some folks in this chamber want to keep digging," Wolf said. In December, the legislature's House Republican leaders walked away from a deal to balance the state's books while sending $350 million to schools. If lawmakers don't approve a balanced budget for the current fiscal year, Wolf warned, local property taxes will skyrocket, while teachers and programs will be slashed. Although he didn't address specifics in his speech, Wolf presented a fiscal 2017 budget that includes an additional $200 million increase in basic education funding-which totaled $5.5 billion in fiscal 2015, the last budget before the current impasse. His new proposal also calls for multimillion-dollar boosts for early-childhood and other programs, as well as significant changes in the way charter schools are funded. BENJAMIN HEROLD - RHODE ISLAND GOV. GINA RAIMONDO (D) * FEB. 2 The governor pegged a number of education proposals, including a revision to Rhode Island's school funding formula, to the state's need for a pipeline of skilled workers in her annual address to lawmakers. To help "level the playing field" between traditional schools and charters, if a student moved to a charter school, a portion of per-pupil funding would stay behind at the district school, Raimondo said. The formula would also put more funding into schools educating students with greater needs, but those schools would need to adopt "proven best practices." Her $1.35 billion K-12 budget request, an increase of 2.5 percent from fiscal 2016, also would require each school to make its budget publicly available online. In addition, the governor requested $50 million to modernize school buildings, proposed making the SAT college-entrance exam free for all students, and said she would expand computer science in all grades. - STEPHEN SAWCHUK WYOMING GOV. MATT MEAD (D) * FEB. 8 Education wasn't a marquee issue for Mead in his annual speech to lawmakers-that was reserved for his proposal to expand Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act despite the state's resistance to Obamacare-but K-12 did warrant a mention or two. Declining coal production has hampered efforts to continue improving school spending (more than a third of coal revenue goes to education), but the governor nixed calls to raise taxes, instead calling for other proposals to keep K-12 coffers full. "There are no easy answers," he said. "Over the next year, we need private businesses, schools, legislators, the executive branch, and others to look at school funding and the options. Let's look before we leap." S.S. - Read online compilation & links to full speeches. www.edweek.org/go/sos EDUCATION WEEK | February 17, 2016 | www.edweek.org | 17 http://www.edweek.org/go/sos http://www.edweek.org/go/sos http://www.edweek.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - February 17, 2016

Education Week - February 17, 2016
Preservice Programs Seek To Head Off Teacher Biases
Black Male Teachers a Rarity
Consolidation Fight Erupts In Vermont
In Cities With Choice, Single- Enrollment Systems Hit Hurdles
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Letting Students Work From Home Adds Policy Twist
Contents
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Q&A: Principals Urged To ‘Shadow’ Students
Study: Showing Standout Work To Students Can Backfire
U.S. Manages to Reduce Share Of Low PISA Scores— in Science
Blogs of the Week
Lawmakers Pledging to Keep Close Eye on ESSA Implementation
Obama Budget Doubles As Policy Document
Blogs of the Week
Five-State Study Examines Teaching Shifts Under Core
Kansas High Court Strikes Down Stopgap Aid Formula
State of the States
Increased Accountability of Teacher Prep Gives Equity the Back Seat
Self-Care Is the Educator’s Core Standard
Beware the Racist Subtext Of Children’s Books
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Dispatch From Flint, Mich.: Our Water Crisis Is a Crisis of Trust

Education Week - February 17, 2016

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