Education Week - January 25, 2017 - 28


COMMENTARY

Getty

Stop Scapegoating and Start Educating

C

By Julie Flapan & Jane Margolis
ontrary to popular belief, people
aren't taking jobs away-technology is. The 2016 election rubbed
raw the divisions between those
with the skills for the future and
those without. As we look ahead to
the Trump presidency, instead of
scapegoating, we need significant
investments in a sustainable education strategy
that prepares youths to effectively participate in the
world of tomorrow.
Scapegoating, or blaming an individual or group of
people for something for which they are not responsible, is a misguided explanation for declining job opportunities. When a manufacturing plant shuts down in
the Rust Belt, automation is the likely culprit, thereby
requiring workers with different skill sets. In the near
future, when a truck driver loses a job to a driverless
car, technology will likely be the cause, not someone
doing the same job for less pay.
Scapegoating immigrants and foreign workers for
taking our jobs is not just wrongheaded, it limits our
ability to accurately name the problem and solve it.
In fact, as technology replaces some jobs, it also allows new ones to emerge. The problem is that we're
not adequately educating our young people to be
prepared for this new tech economy that requires
a foundational understanding of computer science.
Computing jobs are the No. 1 source of new
wages in the United States and are among the
highest-paying. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
projects that by 2024, there will be more than 4.4
million computer-specialist job openings nationwide. But according to the most recent National
Center for Education Statistics data, only 50,000
of the 1.8 million bachelor's degrees conferred in
2012-13 were in computer science or information
science fields. In other words, we are not preparing
enough students to be qualified to fill those jobs.
And it's not just about preparing students for careers in technology; students who know computer
science have a jump start across all fields, including arts, agriculture, business, health care, and

| INSIDE |

20

HOW ESSA COULD
CHANGE EDUCATION
FOR THE BETTER

entertainment. Computing has become essential
knowledge in nearly every industry.
Schools aren't doing an adequate job of providing
computer-learning opportunities to meet the demand.
A majority of schools don't even teach computer science, despite a Gallup poll that reported more than 90
percent of parents want their students to learn computer science in school.
Perhaps more troubling, schools that serve demographically underrepresented students-AfricanAmerican, Latino, and low-income students-are the
least likely to offer a pathway of courses in computer
science. As explained in Stuck in the Shallow End:
Education, Race, and Computing, which was written
by Jane Margolis, computer science education provides
a window into how inequality is reproduced in schools.
When students in underserved schools are denied access, experience, and role models in computing, they
are left further behind.
The College Board reports that student enrollment in Advanced Placement computer science
classes is among the lowest of all AP classes, and
that the AP computer science exam has the least
diverse test-takers of all AP exams. In 2015, 56 percent of all AP test-takers were female, but of the
46,344 test-takers in AP computer science, only 22
percent were girls. Only 13 percent of AP computer
science test-takers identified as African-American or
Latino, while these students made up more than 24
percent of test-takers across all AP exams in 2015.
Ensuring access for all students to this foundational
knowledge is important preparation for college, careers, and civic participation.
Computer science isn't just about operating a computer or a cellphone. It's about reimagining how computers are a part of what we do every day. Rather
than being passive users of technology, students need
to learn how to be responsible creators of it. Computer
science teaches algorithmic thinking, problem-solving,
and creativity as students learn how to build apps,
design a web page, and understand how the internet
actually works.
Beyond jobs, this past year revealed other reasons
why learning computer science is important in a democracy. Whether it be through thinking critically to

20

ACCOUNTABILITY
SHOULD ADD UP TO
MORE THAN TEST
SCORES

28 | EDUCATION WEEK | January 25, 2017 | www.edweek.org/go/commentary

"

Schools
aren't doing
an adequate
job of
providing
computerlearning
opportunities
to meet the
demand. "

21

distinguish fake news from real news, understanding
algorithms that are used to target its users, considering
cybersecurity and the role it played in email scandals,
or amplifying marginalized voices through social media,
we can see the power of technology in our everyday
lives. Becoming digitally literate, critical, and constructive thinkers about how to use technology responsibly
should be required learning for everyone.
With the uncertainty of President Donald Trump's
education agenda and the future policy decisions under
the Every Student Succeeds Act, one thing is clear: We
need to continue to support public education and the
inclusion of computer science as part of the new law's
call for a "well-rounded education."
We encourage the new administration to continue to
support the former administration's national agenda to
promote computer science for all, which prioritizes the
needs of students underrepresented in computer science, including girls, low-income students, and students
of color. Many education leaders support this national
initiative at the local level.
Gov. Asa Hutchinson of Arkansas realized how important computer science opportunities are for his
state's future: In 2015, he signed legislation making Arkansas the first state in the union to require
every public high school to teach computer science.
States including California, Idaho, and Washington
are making strategic, statewide plans to bring computer science into schools. Large school districts in
Chicago, New York City, and San Francisco are also
prioritizing computer science and making it mandatory learning for all students.
Rather than blaming others, we should provide our
youths with the education that will equip them for this
new tech landscape. Making America great can be accomplished only by investing in all our students today
to help prepare them for the world of tomorrow. n
JULIE FLAPAN is the executive director of the Alliance for California
Computing Education for Students and Schools (ACCESS). She
is the director of the computer science project at UCLA Center X,
which convenes researchers and K-12 practitioners to improve lowincome schools. JANE MARGOLIS is a senior researcher at UCLA
Center X and the author of Stuck in the Shallow End: Education,
Race, and Computing (MIT Press, 2008).

BETSY DEVOS AND
RAHM EMANUEL:
TWO SIDES OF THE
SAME COIN

22

LETTERS TO
THE EDITOR


http://www.edweek.org/go/commentary

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - January 25, 2017

Education Week - January 25, 2017
Black Students Most Likely To Be Arrested at School
Crossroads for K-12 Policy With Trump Now at Helm
News in Brief
Spec. Ed. Enrollments Rise
Report Roundup
Coalition for Essential Schools To End Its 33-Year Run
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Faster, Cheaper Tech for Schools Noted
Study of i3 Flags Issues For School Innovators
Q&A: She Recorded Classmate’s Arrest, Then Got Arrested, Too
Nominee to Head Ed. Dept. Grilled on Potential Business Conflicts
DeVos Takes Hot Seat In Confirmation Quest
State of the States
Trump Calls Nation’s Schools ‘Flush With Cash,’ Failing
JACK MARKELL: How ESSA Could Change Education for the Better
BRIAN GILL & JENNIFER LERNER: Accountability Should Add Up To More Than Test Scores
KAREN LEWIS: Betsy DeVos and Rahm Emanuel: Two Sides of the Same Coin
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
JULIE FLAPAN & JANE MARGOLIS: Stop Scapegoating and Start Educating
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - Crossroads for K-12 Policy With Trump Now at Helm
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - 2
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - 3
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - News in Brief
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - Report Roundup
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - 6
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - Coalition for Essential Schools To End Its 33-Year Run
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Faster, Cheaper Tech for Schools Noted
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - Study of i3 Flags Issues For School Innovators
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - 10
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - 11
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - Q&A: She Recorded Classmate’s Arrest, Then Got Arrested, Too
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - 13
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - DeVos Takes Hot Seat In Confirmation Quest
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - State of the States
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - 16
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - 17
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - Trump Calls Nation’s Schools ‘Flush With Cash,’ Failing
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - 19
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - BRIAN GILL & JENNIFER LERNER: Accountability Should Add Up To More Than Test Scores
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - KAREN LEWIS: Betsy DeVos and Rahm Emanuel: Two Sides of the Same Coin
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - Letters
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - 23
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - 25
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - 26
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - 27
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - JULIE FLAPAN & JANE MARGOLIS: Stop Scapegoating and Start Educating
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - CT1
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - CT2
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - CT3
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - CT4
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - SCover1
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - SCover2
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S1
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S2
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S3
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S4
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S5
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S6
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S7
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S8
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S9
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S10
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S11
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S12
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S13
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S14
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S15
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S16
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S17
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S18
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S19
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S20
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - SCover3
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - SCover4
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - CW1
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - CW2
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - CW3
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - CW4
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