Education Week - January 25, 2017 - 14


GOVERNMENT & POLITICS

DeVos Takes Hot Seat
In Confirmation Quest
By Alyson Klein
& Andrew Ujifusa
Washington

Betsy DeVos, President Donald
Trump's choice to be the U.S. secretary of education, was on the hot
seat last week during a confirmation hearing that grew contentious
at several points. Afterwards, her
remarks on everything from school
choice to special education and civil
rights drew both sharp condemnation and praise.
During the Jan. 17 hearing, which
lasted nearly four hours, DeVos told
the 12 Republican and 11 Democratic senators on the committee
that she would be a "strong advocate"
for public schools. "But, if a school is
troubled, or unsafe, or not a good fit
for a child-perhaps they have a special need that is going unmet-we
should support a parent's right to
enroll their child in a high-quality alternative," DeVos told the committee.
She made those comments in the
face of criticisms that her record as
an advocate for vouchers and other
forms of school choice as the former
chairman of the American Federa-

tion for Children indicate that she
wouldn't adequately support traditional public schools if she were to
lead the department. DeVos also
cast herself as an outsider looking to
shake up established practices, telling senators, "Human tendency is to
protect and guard what is, because
change is difficult."
When questioned by Sen. Patty
Murray, D-Wash., on whether she
would agree to not "cut a penny from
public education" or try to privatize
schools, DeVos responded that she
would try to help provide parents
with the best educational options
possible. (Congress and the president are ultimately responsible for
the amount of federal spending on
public schools, not the department.)
DeVos declined to directly answer
or provide key details on several
education policy issues, such as implementation of the Every Student
Succeeds Act and her view of several
civil rights issues on which the Education Department has a say. DeVos
told committee members several
times, "I support accountability," but
did not provide more details.
When asked about what protections lesbian, gay, bisexual, and

T.J. Kirkpatrick/Redux for Education Week

Tough hearing for education secretary pick

transgender students deserved in
schools, DeVos said, "I fully embrace equality," and told the committee she had never supported
"conversion therapy" for gays, but
did not elaborate on how that position would inform her approach.

Divided Reaction
The tone of the hearing was a
major departure from past confirmation proceedings for education
secretary, which often have featured
praise for nominees from senators

of both parties. A committee vote on
DeVos' nomination was slated for
Jan. 24.
During exchanges with Sen. Tim
Kaine, D-Va., and Sen. Maggie Hassan, D-N.H., the nominee initially
seemed not to be aware of basic requirements of the Individuals with
Disabilities Education Act, which
governs special education law. After
first stating that meeting the requirements of the IDEA should be left up
to states and that federal mandates
were "worth discussion," DeVos back-

Betsy DeVos, President
Donald Trump's
nominee for secretary
of education, ran into
a buzz saw of questions
from skeptical Democrats
on the Senate education
committee as she made
her case for heading
the U.S. Department
of Education.

PAGE 16 >

Nominee to Head Ed. Dept. Grilled on Potential Business Conflicts
By Mark Walsh
Betsy DeVos, the nominee to be the next
U.S. secretary of education, last week sought
to allay the concerns of Senate Democrats by
vowing to divest any financial stakes she has
in education-related companies.
"Let me be very clear about any conflicts,"
DeVos said during her nearly four-hour confirmation hearing before the Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee on
Jan. 17. "Where conflicts are identified, they
will be resolved. I will not be conflicted, period.
I commit that to you all."
Amid a range of other concerns about DeVos'
fitness to lead the Department of Education,
several Democrats on the education panel
expressed unease that the hearing had gone
forward before the nominee completed her financial disclosures and a federal ethics agreement-both of which were finished and made
public later in the week.
"I believe that in an administration where
lines around potential conflicts of interest are
very likely to be blurred at the top, they need
to be even clearer at the individual agencies,"
said Sen. Patty Murray of Washington, the
ranking Democrat on the committee.
Sen. Chris Murphy, D-Conn., said committee
Republicans were conducting a "rush job" that
"suggests this committee is trying to protect
this nominee from scrutiny."
The panel's chairman, Sen. Lamar Alexander, R-Tenn., repeatedly praised DeVos and
said that at least one Republican nominee
for the post-Rod Paige, who was President

George W. Bush's first education secretary-
had his hearing before completing his ethics
agreement.
DeVos and her husband, Dick DeVos, whose
father co-founded Amway, are part of a family whose fortune is estimated at $5.2 billion
by Forbes magazine. The couple have funded
causes that include pushing for charter schools
and private school vouchers. DeVos told the
committee last week she would accept only a
token $1 a year salary if confirmed.

investments to improve social outcomes, including in education; and Performance Financial Corp., a Livermore, Calif.-based company
that, among other things, helps recover defaulted student loans.
DeVos and her husband are investors in
RPM Ventures, an Ann Arbor, Mich., venturecapital firm that has been a funder of Social
Finance, or SoFi.
After Murray asked her about Social Finance
and K12, DeVos said: "With respect to the spe-

"

Let me be very clear about any conflicts. Where conflicts
are identified, they will be resolved."
BETSY DEVOS
Nominee for U.S. Secretary of Education

Besides expressing concerns about the
nominee's education policy priorities and her
lack of experience in public education, committee Democrats also asked DeVos about
direct or indirect investments in several education companies.

cific ones that you cited, one of them, we're
aware of as we start the process, and that is in
the process of being divested. If there are any
others that are identified, they will be appropriately divested as well."
Murphy pressed her on K12 Inc., saying the
company was part of an industry that "is profiting from public education dollars that is esThree Investments Cited
sentially taking money away from students to
Specifically, they cited K12 Inc., a Herndon, pay salaries for CEOs."
Va.-based online-learning provider; Social
DeVos replied: "When it comes to education,
Finance Inc., a Boston-based concern that I think what's important are what the outuses a "pay for success" model to tap private comes are, what the achievements are. I don't

14 | EDUCATION WEEK | January 25, 2017 | www.edweek.org

think the delivery mechanism is the issue as
much as it is are students receiving the benefits of a great education."

Documents Released
Subsequent to the hearing, the Office of Government Ethics posted DeVos' ethics letter and
financial-disclosure documents.
The Jan. 19 letter was addressed to Marcia
Goodridge-Keillor, the "designated agency ethics official" at the Education Department.
"The purpose of this letter is to describe the
steps that I will take to avoid any actual or apparent conflict of interest in the event that I am confirmed" as secretary, DeVos writes. She says that
within 90 days of her confirmation, she will divest
stakes in 102 assets that pose potential conflicts.
Most of those are larger entities (such as
Berkshire Hathaway Inc.) or venture funds
(such as Vista Equity Partners Fund VI) that
apparently have stakes in education-related
companies. The one clear education stock on
the list is Knowledge Universe Education LP,
which operates KinderCare Education. Her
stake in Knowledge Universe is listed as between half-a-million and $1 million.
DeVos relates in the letter that GoodridgeKeillor has "advised me that it is not necessary at this time for me to divest my remaining
interests in entities disclosed in my nominee
public financial-disclosure report, inasmuch as
the likelihood that I will need to participate in
any particular matter affecting these entities
is remote." But she adds that she will remain
vigilant in identifying potential conflicts.


http://www.edweek.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - January 25, 2017

Education Week - January 25, 2017
Black Students Most Likely To Be Arrested at School
Crossroads for K-12 Policy With Trump Now at Helm
News in Brief
Spec. Ed. Enrollments Rise
Report Roundup
Coalition for Essential Schools To End Its 33-Year Run
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Faster, Cheaper Tech for Schools Noted
Study of i3 Flags Issues For School Innovators
Q&A: She Recorded Classmate’s Arrest, Then Got Arrested, Too
Nominee to Head Ed. Dept. Grilled on Potential Business Conflicts
DeVos Takes Hot Seat In Confirmation Quest
State of the States
Trump Calls Nation’s Schools ‘Flush With Cash,’ Failing
JACK MARKELL: How ESSA Could Change Education for the Better
BRIAN GILL & JENNIFER LERNER: Accountability Should Add Up To More Than Test Scores
KAREN LEWIS: Betsy DeVos and Rahm Emanuel: Two Sides of the Same Coin
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
JULIE FLAPAN & JANE MARGOLIS: Stop Scapegoating and Start Educating
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - Crossroads for K-12 Policy With Trump Now at Helm
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - 2
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - 3
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - News in Brief
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - Report Roundup
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - 6
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - Coalition for Essential Schools To End Its 33-Year Run
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Faster, Cheaper Tech for Schools Noted
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - Study of i3 Flags Issues For School Innovators
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - 10
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - 11
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - Q&A: She Recorded Classmate’s Arrest, Then Got Arrested, Too
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - 13
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - DeVos Takes Hot Seat In Confirmation Quest
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - State of the States
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - 16
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - 17
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - Trump Calls Nation’s Schools ‘Flush With Cash,’ Failing
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - 19
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - BRIAN GILL & JENNIFER LERNER: Accountability Should Add Up To More Than Test Scores
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - KAREN LEWIS: Betsy DeVos and Rahm Emanuel: Two Sides of the Same Coin
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - Letters
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - 23
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - 25
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - 26
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - 27
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - JULIE FLAPAN & JANE MARGOLIS: Stop Scapegoating and Start Educating
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - CT1
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - CT2
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - CT3
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - CT4
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - SCover1
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - SCover2
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S1
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S2
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S3
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S4
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S5
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S6
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S7
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S8
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S9
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S10
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S11
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S12
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S13
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S14
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S15
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S16
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S17
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S18
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S19
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - S20
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - SCover3
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - SCover4
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - CW1
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - CW2
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - CW3
Education Week - January 25, 2017 - CW4
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