Education Week - January 22, 2014 - (Page 1)

EDUCATIONWEEK VOL. 33, NO. 18 * JANUARY 22, 2014 AMERICAN EDUCATION'S NEWSPAPER OF RECORD * © 2014 Editorial Projects in Education * $4 WAR ON POVERTY: Progress & Persistent Inequity BREAKING NEWS DAILY A K-12 Titan In Congress To Move On Miller Called 'Irreplaceable' By Alyson Klein U.S. Rep. George Miller's decision not to seek another term after decades as an education-policy powerhouse on Capitol Hill will create a void in Congress, at a time when other pivotal legislative positions are likely to change hands in both the House and Senate. The California Democrat, who an- THEN AND NOW: Children play at recess outside of Hays-Porter Elementary School in Cincinnati's West End neighborhood. The yearbook photo on the left depicts the neighborhood around 1990. On the right, Aaryn Hill, 9, and her 2nd grade classmates stand in the same spot earlier this month. The school is still largely racially and economically segregated, despite decades of government anti-poverty efforts. PAGE 16> FOLLOW THE MONEY: School spending has skyrocketed since the beginning of the War on Poverty, but so have the disparities in states' per-pupil funding. PAGE 18> HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE 50 Years Later, Verdicts Are Mixed On the Nation's War on Poverty By Sarah D. Sparks In 50 years, the faces and dynamics of child poverty in the United States have changed dramatically, but the nation's approach to ending it is still based largely on the policies and programs laid out at the onset of the War on Poverty, launched by President Lyndon B. Johnson this month in 1964. ABOUT THIS OCCASIONAL SERIES This package of stories is the first of a series of articles in Education Week during the next 18 months to reflect on the 50th anniversary of the War on Poverty and its impact on the lives of children, especially those living in poverty. Many of those programs focus on community planning and social services for families in poverty: Medicaid, as the first national health-care program for low-income children; community health centers and the first widescale school immunization and screening programs; the predecessors to the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, and Section 8 housing vouchers. But in speech after speech, President Johnson presented education-from Head Start preschools and Title I grants to help level the educational field for disadvantaged students, to the forerunner of Pell Grants to help them afford college-as the linchpin of the Great Society efforts. "Very often a lack of jobs and money is not the cause of poverty, but the symptom," he said as he declared an "unconditional war on poverty" in his Jan. 8, 1964 State of the Union address. "The cause may lie deeper in our failure to give our fellow citizens a fair chance to develop their own capacities." So where are we now? By the U.S. Census Bureau's official count, 16 million children under 18, representing 23 percent of all PAGE 14> nounced his retirement last week after nearly 40 years in Congress, has pushed through game-changing legislation, from the bipartisan No Child Left Behind Act in 2002 to a complete reimagining of the federal student-lending program in 2010. And he is stepping down as Sen. Tom Harkin, D-Iowa, the chairman of the Senate education committee, is also set to retire. Former members of Congress and congressional aides from all parts of the political spectrum say Rep. Miller is a rarity among education leaders, combining a wonk's policy expertise with the shrewdness of a seasoned political operative, who has a commitment to educational equity for poor and minority students. They see no one on the scene PAGE 23> DIGITAL DIRECTIONS Personal Danger Of Data Breaches Prompts Action By Benjamin Herold Privacy advocates say the increased collection, storage, and sharing of educational data pose real threats to children and families, from identify theft to nuisance advertising, misguided profiling to increased surveillance of everyday activities. There is even the potential for Fla. Pushes Longer Day With More Reading in Struggling Schools By Catherine Gewertz Two years ago, Florida took a step no other state has taken to improve students' reading skills: It required its 100 lowest-performing elementary schools to add an extra hour to their school day and to use that time for reading instruction. Early results suggest the new initiative may be paying off. After only a year with the extra hour, threequarters of the schools saw improved reading scores on the state's standardized test, the Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test, or FCAT. Seventy of the schools earned their way off the lowest-performing list altogether. "That extra time for reading instruction was really important for us," said Kathy Shuler, who oversees the school transformation office in Orlando's Orange County district, where all seven schools in the extra-hour reading program's first year, 2012-13, improved their reading scores and are no longer on the list. The Florida program arose from a 2012 law mandating the additional hour each day for "in- tensive reading instruction." The law's author, Republican state Sen. David Simmons, had taken note of a pilot program for four schools in 2007-08. Three boosted their school grades from D's or F's to C's in Florida's accountability ratings, and one vaulted to an A. He wanted to see more schools do what they had done. "Done right, the benefits of this program are extensive and in some cases dramatic," Sen. Simmons said. Despite being a state mandate, the program PAGE 12 > physical harm to students, alleges one Arizona legislator who authored a recently passed privacy law in response to complaints that low-income children had been subjected to unnecessary dental work by corporateaffiliated "mobile dentists" relying on easy access to school records. But while some parents, advocates, and academics are raising alarms that sensitive student data are being poorly safeguarded and improperly shared, it remains difficult to document the scope of the harm caused by the misuse of such information. For a decade, proponents have called PAGE 11> Photos from left: Hays-Porter Elementary School, Swikar Patel/Education Week Circa 1990 2014

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - January 22, 2014

Education Week - January 22, 2014
50 Years Later, Verdicts Are Mixed On the Nation’s War on Poverty
A K-12 Titan in Congress to Move On
Fla. Pushes Longer Day With More Reading In Struggling Schools
Personal Danger of Data Breaches Prompts Action
News in Brief
Report Roundup
Funds to End For Little Rock Desegregation
Union, District Clash in Pittsburgh Over Teacher Evaluation
Revised GED Ushers in New Era With More Testing Competition
In Five States, Districts Bail Out on Race to the Top Grants
K-12 Publishing, Ed-Tech Markets Experiencing Rising Revenues
Blogs of the Week
Still Segregated After 50 Years: A Visit To Cincinnati’s West End
Among States, Spending Gaps Have Widened
Spending Plan Aims to Relieve Some K-12 ‘Sequester’ Pain
Calif. Transgender Law Takes Effect In Schools, Amid Efforts to Repeal It
State of the States
Wash. Governor Pledges School Aid Boost
BRUCE FULLER: Is Small Beautiful? New York’s tiny high schools lift kids, harden segregation
RUFINA HERNÁNDEZ: A Common Cause for the Common Core
JEFFREY D. WILHELM & MICHAEL W. SMITH: Don’t Underestimate the Power of Pleasure Reading
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
XU ZHAO, HELEN HASTE, & ROBERT L. SELMAN: Questionable Lessons From China’s Recent History of Education Reform

Education Week - January 22, 2014