Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 8

Some Teachers Are Running Out of Sick Days,
And Administrators Are Hesitant to Help
With a shortage of substitutes and pressure to stay open,
administrators are reluctant to extend paid time off for teachers with COVID
By Mark Lieberman
& Madeline Will
Working in crowded school buildings
during a pandemic has been anxiety-inducing
for many educators. But
for some school employees who have
run out of paid leave, there's a financial
cost of getting sick, too.
Many of the nation's more than
6 million K-12 workers came to rely
early in the pandemic on the assurance
that they could still get paid if
they had to stay home while sick or
exposed to COVID-19. Since federal
requirements for employers to offer
paid leave expired before this school
year was underway, some school districts
have taken up the mantle on
their own, providing an extra five, 10,
or even 20 days for COVID-related
absences, according to media reports
and interviews with district leaders.
But many districts nationwide-
including Washington, D.C., the
Wichita schools in Kansas, and the
Oakland schools in California-are
not currently offering paid leave
separate from what their employees
already receive in a typical year.
Districts are wary of shutting school
buildings down for long periods of
time due to political pressure and the
urgency of providing academic support
to students during an extended
tumultuous period. They're also
facing a nationwide shortage of substitute
teachers to cover for employees
who have to be absent because
they're sick, quarantining at home, or
taking care of loved ones.
" Every day counts right now unfortunately
because we are in such a staffing
crunch, " said Emily Warnecke, the
spokesperson for the Illinois Association
of School Administrators, which is
lobbying against a statewide measure
currently before the governor that
would mandate extra COVID leave for
school district employees.
Yet many teachers and other school
employees feel like the lack of COVIDspecific
sick days is adding insult to injury.
This school year has already been
exhausting and demoralizing. Teachers
and other school workers have had
to navigate severe staff shortages and
the fear of contracting COVID-19 in
classrooms as they work to address
gaps in student learning and an influx
of student trauma stemming from the
pandemic.
Teachers said in interviews that receiving
COVID sick days so they don't
have to use their own paid time off if
they contract the virus would feel like
an acknowledgment of the hard work
they're doing in an extraordinarily difficult
time.
Denise Specht, the president of Education
Minnesota, that state's teachers'
union, said some local unions
have been able to negotiate the continuation
of COVID leave during the
collective bargaining process, but others
have not.
" It is definitely adding to the anxiety
and stress here in Minnesota and
the uncertainty of what to do, " she
said, adding that in some districts,
teachers can teach from home while
quarantined, but that's not an option
everywhere. And that is only feasible
if the educator is feeling well enough
to work.
Typically, teachers get about a
dozen sick and personal days a year,
and can roll over their sick leave from
year to year with no cap. But for new
teachers who haven't accumulated a
bank of leave, a couple bouts of illness
in the fall could have already drained
their sick days for the year, leaving
them with no reserves as cases surge
across the country due to the hypercontagious
omicron variant.
Employees who are new parents
are in a challenging position, too,
since many exhaust their sick leave
to take time off upon the birth or
adoption of a child. Parents of schoolaged
children might have had to use
some of their sick time if their child
was exposed to or testing positive
for COVID-19. And some teachers
already used a large portion of sick
leave with a positive COVID-19 case
in the fall, yet it's possible to be infected
with the virus more than once.
Leah Gimbel, a high school math
teacher in Washington, D.C., contracted
COVID-19 in September
and had to use a chunk of her own
sick leave for the year. She typically
uses her personal days on Jewish
holidays, so she only has a few days
left this year-meaning if she gets
8 | EDUCATION WEEK | January 19, 2022 | www.edweek.org
the omicron variant and can't teach
remotely, she'd likely have to take
unpaid time off.
" It's frustrating and upsetting, " she
said. " I'm there in the building every
day, getting exposed not infrequently. "
Educators are told by health officials
to stay home if they're not feeling
well, but without comprehensive sick
day policies, that's easier said than
done, Specht said.
" We all need to do that ... but that
only works when you've got the
leave, " Specht said, adding that some
of schools' lowest-wage workers, like
bus drivers and custodians, may live
paycheck to paycheck. " It puts your
family and your family budget in jeopardy.
You think, 'It's my responsibility
to stay home when I'm sick, but I also
have to pay the rent, I have to pay my
family's insurance'-it doesn't feel
like a winnable situation. "
Paid leave policies differ across
the country
Policies among districts that are
offering paid leave vary considerably,
according to interviews, an Education
Week analysis of numerous
districts' paid leave policies, and the
National Council on Teacher Quality's
fall 2021 policy tracker. Some
are contingent on employees being
vaccinated; some only extend leave to
employees who show proof that they
tested positive for COVID-19; some
require an employee's COVID case
to have been a result of exposure at
a school building. Some newly enacted
policies don't apply retroactively
to the start of the school year,
or don't allow employees to hold on
to COVID-specific days they don't
use after the school year ends.
America lacks a federal requirement
for employers to offer paid leave of any
kind. Starting in March 2020, Congress
authorized a nationwide requirement
for many employers, including school
districts, to offer paid leave for employees
dealing with COVID-19.
That policy expired as 2021 began.
From April to September 2021, school
districts and other employers were
eligible for tax credits in exchange for
voluntarily offering COVID-specific
paid leave. That policy, too, is no longer
in effect.
In addition, " even if folks do have
COVID-19 sick leave, there is concern
or reluctance to use it, even if it
would be in the interest of colleagues
to use it, " said Jared Make, the vice
president of A Better Balance, a nationwide
nonprofit advocate for paid
family and medical leave. Make's organization
receives requests for legal
help from workers across all industries,
including K-12 education.
" There's a fear: 'What if my child
gets sick, or my elderly parent? I might
need to use some of that time,' " Make
said. " It's a real shortcoming that we
don't have a clear legal right across
this country to COVID-19 sick leave
specifically, let alone a guaranteed
right to sick time. "
In interviews, some teachers said
they've heard anecdotally that some
school employees who have mild
symptoms are not taking a COVID-19
test because they can't afford to miss
work if they test positive. Research
may back that up: Workers without
paid sick leave are less likely to take
time off when ill, according to a study
conducted before the pandemic.
" In general, teachers are going to do
the right thing and stay home because
it's our nightmare to give COVID to
our kids, " said Megan Mullaly, a 6th
grade teacher in San Jose, Calif.
But, she added, " it feels like the
people who do the right thing are getting
punished for it. "
Districts fear additional days off
will make staffing shortages worse
Some school administrators now
say they're wary of extending so
much paid leave to employees that
staff would rush to take advantage
of it, exacerbating ongoing staffing
shortages that have plagued districts
all school year.
In Illinois, both houses of the state
legislature have passed a bill that
would require school districts to pay
employees for as many days as they
need to recover from COVID-19 or
quarantine away from work per public
health guidelines. Gov. J.B. Pritzker, a
Democrat, has said he opposes the bill
and wants it to cover only vaccinated
school employees. If Pritzker doesn't
sign or veto the bill by the end of the
month, it will become law regardless.
The legislation has been supported
by teachers' unions but opposed by
the Illinois Association of School Administrators.
Warnecke, the group's
spokesperson who also served as superintendent
of the East Alton district
until Dec. 31, said some districts in the
state have already received calls from
school employees who think the proposed
state law is in effect and want
to take advantage of the provision for
more time off.
If a school employee's child were
exposed to COVID-19 and required
to quarantine at home, the employee
" might have been willing to find other
arrangements for their child " if COVIDspecific
paid leave weren't an option for
the employee, Warnecke said.
If the law were to pass, " because
they know they have access to unlimited
paid leave days, maybe they will be
less likely to try to find other options for
care, " she said.
The result, Warnecke said, could be
more-severe staff shortages than the
ones schools already face, and more
challenging conditions for student
learning.
The administrators' organization is
also concerned that a broad statewide
mandate could discourage districts
from collaborating with their local
bargaining units on policies that work
for the district's needs.
Some districts have already done
that collaboration. The Maine Township
district 20 miles north of Chicago
is among the Illinois districts that has
developed its own approach to handling
paid leave during the pandemic.
Rather than having a one-size-fitsall
policy, the district handles requests
for paid time off on a case-by-case
basis. Vaccinated employees-representing
97 percent of the district's
workforce-who catch COVID-19
will generally get as much paid time
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Education Week - January 19, 2022

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - January 19, 2022

Education Week - January 19, 2022
Briefly Stated
Students Embrace a Wide Range of Gender Identities. Most School Data Systems Don’t
Why School Counselors of Color Matter More Than Ever
3 Ways to Help Students to Be the First In Their Families to Attend College
Some Teachers Are Running Out of Sick Days, . And Administrators Are Hesitant to Help
This Intensive Internship Helps Principals Get Ready For the Job
How the Critical Race Theory Debate Is Rewriting Social Studies Standards
Build a Strong Foundation
Develop Trust
Embrace the Risk, Increase the Support
Letters to the Editor
EdWeek Top School Jobs
The Empty Pageantry Of Education Research
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - Education Week - January 19, 2022
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - CW2
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 1
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - Briefly Stated
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 3
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - Students Embrace a Wide Range of Gender Identities. Most School Data Systems Don’t
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 5
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 3 Ways to Help Students to Be the First In Their Families to Attend College
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 7
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - Some Teachers Are Running Out of Sick Days, . And Administrators Are Hesitant to Help
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 9
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - This Intensive Internship Helps Principals Get Ready For the Job
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 11
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - How the Critical Race Theory Debate Is Rewriting Social Studies Standards
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 13
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 14
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 15
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - Build a Strong Foundation
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - Develop Trust
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - Embrace the Risk, Increase the Support
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 19
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - Letters to the Editor
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 21
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - EdWeek Top School Jobs
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 23
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - The Empty Pageantry Of Education Research
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - CW3
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - CW4
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