Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 4

Students Embrace a Wide Range of Gender Identities.
Most School Data Systems Don't
Concerns about the consequences of adding more gender identification
options loom over efforts to make software systems more inclusive
By Benjamin Herold
Back in the fall of 2020, a few staff
members from the Philadelphia
public school system's central office
brought a vexing problem to Sarah
Galbally, the district's lobbyist in the
state capital of Harrisburg.
They'd already advanced a local
policy aimed at making transgender
and gender nonconforming students
feel more welcome at school. Those
kids now had the right to be addressed
by the name and pronouns
that corresponded to their gender
identity.
But the district's student information
system, used to digitally track
everything from attendance to grades
to class assignments, still forced students
to identify as either male or
female. And the software couldn't be
altered without first tweaking state
guidelines for how schools report information
into Pennsylvania's longitudinal
data system-a change that the
Republican-controlled Pennsylvania
legislature and many of the 499 other
school districts in the state, which
often serve smaller, more conservative
rural communities, were unlikely
to support.
So Galbally decided to tread lightly.
During the 2021 legislative session,
she omitted Philadelphia's request
for a nonbinary gender option from
the written policy wish list circulated
among other elected officials, instead
communicating the district's desire
directly to the office of Democratic
Pennsylvania Gov. Tom Wolf.
" We are aware of the political atmosphere
in Harrisburg, so we really
tried to use back channels on
our own on this one, " Galbally said
in mid-December, a week after the
School District of Philadelphia announced
that students could now
identify as nonbinary in Infinite
Campus, the student information
system that the district uses.
Some states and software
providers have made the switch
With public schools now a battleground
in raging culture wars over
diversity, equity, and inclusion, sim " X, "
meaning other or anything that
is not strictly male or female, rather
than " M " or " F. " At least eight student
information systems that integrate
with Clever are also on board
with the change.
" I think having gender values in
our systems that reflect students'
identities is critical, " said Dan Carroll,
Clever's co-founder and chief
technology officer.
And PowerSchool, one of the most
widely used student information
systems in the world, already offers
district users the option to customize
fields related to gender and legal and
preferred names, including providing
gender-neutral options, according to a
company spokesperson.
At the district level, meanwhile, the
School District of Philadelphia's decision
to add a nonbinary gender option
to its student information system follows
similar moves by public schools
in places like Washington, D.C., Minneapolis,
and Montgomery County,
Md., as well Indiana Connections
Academy, a statewide online charter
school.
The change was only possible because
of the district's carefully caliilarly
messy processes are playing
out all across the country. In Washington,
D.C., the U.S. Department
of Education is currently seeking
comment on a proposal that would
allow those districts that collect
data on nonbinary students to report
such information to the federal
government-a change that would
represent a significant departure
from current practice, in which the
department requires students to be
labeled either male or female.
But some states and software
providers are unwilling to wait and
have already started down their own
paths. Infinite Campus, for example,
now offers gender options beyond
male and female to students in
about 650 districts spread across 17
states, according to Julie Lane, the
company's chief product officer.
One problem with the resulting
patchwork is inconsistency. The new
gender options available to students
range from " nonbinary " in places
like California, Pennsylvania, and
Virginia to " other " in Rhode Island
to " transgender " or " prefer not to
identify " in Utah.
Another is uncertainty. No one is
comprehensively tracking all the different
approaches to collecting data
on students' gender. And given the
recent backlashes over bathroom
access for transgender students
and school libraries offering books
that explicitly challenge the idea
that gender is limited to male or female,
there's plenty of incentive for
district leaders to avoid open public
discussion about whether their technology
systems affirm the full range
of students' gender identities and
sexual orientations.
Experts, however, warn that such
factors may be preventing the nation's
K-12 school system from hashing
out a critical larger question: Do
the benefits of collecting information
on students who are nonbinary
or transgender or queer or genderfluid
outweigh the potential risks?
" Good intentions are not enough, "
"
It is bad practice if data are lumped together during analysis in ways that ignore
or obscure how students wished to record themselves.
KEVIN GUYAN
Research fellow, University of Glasgow
4 | EDUCATION WEEK | January 19, 2022 | www.edweek.org
said Paige Kowalski, the executive
vice president of the Data Quality
Campaign, a nonprofit that advocates
for better data use by states
and schools. " Every data element
you collect can be misused by whoever
has power and access to the information. "
Schools
are making their own
moves to be more gender-inclusive
Although a clear national picture is
not yet available, there are some clues
about where the K-12 sector is headed
when it comes to collecting data on
an expanded range of student gender
identities.
In 2019, for example, popular
ed-tech company Clever added a
new gender option to its platform,
which helps schools and software
providers more easily share student
information. Two years later,
at least 1,000 of the districts using
Clever now count at least one student
who identifies their gender as
brated push on state officials.
" They were certainly instrumental
in getting us thinking about this, "
said Julie Kane, the policy director
for the Pennsylvania Department of
Education.
Kane said the department was
hoping the federal government
would institute the change first.
When that didn't happen, Pennsylvania
officials decided this fall
to tweak the " data dictionary " for
their own statewide longitudinal
data system, known as PIMS. The
system's traditional gender field is
still in place. It is still mandatory and
still only allows for male or female
options, consistent with state and
federal law. But Pennsylvania officials
also added a new field labeled
" gender identity, " which is supposed
to " reflect the student's personal
conception if they are 'nonbinary or
not listed,' " according to the technical
manual associated with the
system. School systems can choose
whether or not to use the new field.
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Education Week - January 19, 2022

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - January 19, 2022

Education Week - January 19, 2022
Briefly Stated
Students Embrace a Wide Range of Gender Identities. Most School Data Systems Don’t
Why School Counselors of Color Matter More Than Ever
3 Ways to Help Students to Be the First In Their Families to Attend College
Some Teachers Are Running Out of Sick Days, . And Administrators Are Hesitant to Help
This Intensive Internship Helps Principals Get Ready For the Job
How the Critical Race Theory Debate Is Rewriting Social Studies Standards
Build a Strong Foundation
Develop Trust
Embrace the Risk, Increase the Support
Letters to the Editor
EdWeek Top School Jobs
The Empty Pageantry Of Education Research
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - Education Week - January 19, 2022
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - CW2
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 1
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - Briefly Stated
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 3
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - Students Embrace a Wide Range of Gender Identities. Most School Data Systems Don’t
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 5
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 3 Ways to Help Students to Be the First In Their Families to Attend College
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 7
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - Some Teachers Are Running Out of Sick Days, . And Administrators Are Hesitant to Help
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 9
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - This Intensive Internship Helps Principals Get Ready For the Job
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 11
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - How the Critical Race Theory Debate Is Rewriting Social Studies Standards
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 13
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 14
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 15
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - Build a Strong Foundation
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - Develop Trust
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - Embrace the Risk, Increase the Support
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 19
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - Letters to the Editor
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 21
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - EdWeek Top School Jobs
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 23
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - The Empty Pageantry Of Education Research
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - CW3
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - CW4
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