Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 14

"
We are not in this to make children feel bad about past mistakes.
You teach history so you don't make the same mistakes as in the past.
SHERRY JOHNSON, tribal education director, Sisseton Wahpeton Oyate Agency Village, S.D.
CONTINUED FROM PAGE 13
the importance of individual rights.
For Johnson, who had felt so proud of her state
and its commitment to Indian education, the new
draft was a betrayal.
Teachers are unlikely to teach the Oceti Sakowin
content without those references, she said, and that
will have detrimental effects on all students, especially
Native American youth.
" You don't validate their existence, and you don't
value the uniqueness of being Native Americans,
the first Americans, and that we have a unique history.
We survived an Indian Holocaust, " she said.
" It's like their history and who they are is some
shameful thing that you can't teach, and you can't
mention. And it perpetuates more racism.
" We are not in this to make children feel bad
about past mistakes, " she said. " You teach history
so you don't make the same mistakes as in the past. "
There has so far been no detailed explanation
from state officials for the changes. State Superintendent
Tiffany Sanderson said in a radio interview
that the revised draft still had far more Native
American content than the prior standards. She
attributed the drama to " misinformation and miscommunication. "
Governor
makes 1776 pledge, seeks 'balance'
But state leaders were under political pressure
to alter the standards-and much of that rhetoric
aligns with the changes in the draft.
Gov. Kristi Noem, a Republican, had previously
signed the 1776 Pledge-a project of a conservative
political action group that asserts, among
other things, that " the slander of our history and
heroes in the classroom is being paired with toxic,
anti-American theories that pit our children against
one another on the basis of race and gender. " (The
group was formed to support the thrust of former
President Trump's 1776 Commission, which issued
a controversial report on civics and history education;
President Biden disbanded the commission
shortly after assuming office.)
Far-right news sites had published op-eds falsely
labelling the National Council for the Social Studies
a radical group, attacking a consultant from a firm
the state selected to help guide the writing process,
and claiming the standards' focus on civic action
would permit the indoctrination of students into
leftist ideologies.
In late September, Noem threw out the South Dakota
history draft altogether, saying that it needed
" more balance " -she didn't specify what kind-and
that more work was needed for students to " learn
a true and honest account of American and South
Dakota history. "
Her spokesman did not return a request for Noem
to elaborate on those comments. An education
department spokesperson said Superintendent
Sanderson wouldn't be able to talk until after the
members of the new writing committee had been
named.
Noem has since introduced legislation to ban critical
race theory, complementing an earlier executive
order.
Paul Harens, a retired public school teacher in
the state who also sat on the writing panel, says that
political context explains the sudden alterations in
the draft.
" We were told to keep politics out of it, and we
did. The changes they make bring politics into it.
14 | EDUCATION WEEK | January 19, 2022 | www.edweek.org
ONLINE EXCLUSIVES:
What's in a standard?
Who drafts them, and
what role do they play
in what students learn.
Dig into the state drafts:
See additional examples
of modifications, deletions,
and public comments.
Takeaways and analysis:
Get more reporter and expert
insights.
> See " Revising America's Racist
Past " on edweek.org.
Basically, it is now the 1776 project, and again the
Native Americans are ignored, " he protested. " It's
a whitewashing of history. And I do mean white. "
Another writer, who asked not to be named for
fear of reprisal, said the incident left her both personally
and professionally troubled.
" My name and school district are on these new
standards that I didn't change. My name is on this
document that I didn't support. It feels like I'm
being falsely represented, my ideals, " she said.
" Why don't you trust us to teach your child? "
Decades-long effort to require
Native American history lessons wanes
Even before the draft was thrown out, the bowdlerized
version had prompted huge backlash. The
deletions of Native American content were by far
the most cited criticism in nearly 600 written comments.
The state chapter of the American Civil
Liberties Union warned Noem that the removal of
the Oceti Sakowin content could violate students'
constitutional rights by denying them access to information
about their heritage.
Historian Jace DeCory, who is Lakota, is among
those feeling discouraged by the situation. (Oceti
Sakowin generally refer to themselves by their linSherry
Johnson, above,
says state leaders
inexplicably removed
several mentions of Native
American history from
a set of standards
she helped draft. South
Dakota Gov. Kristi Noem,
left, says she threw out
the entire draft in an effort
to seek more " balance. "
guistic affiliation.)
In the early part of her 30-year career teaching in
the American Indian Studies department at Black
Hills State University, she said, virtually no students
entering her classes had even heard of the Wounded
Knee massacre.
By the 1990s and early 2000s, some students had
had a few targeted lessons about the state's Indigenous
communities in high school history; that increased
steadily into the late 2010s. Now, she fears
that, instead of expanding, the progress will wane.
" I'm not sure what's happening politically. I don't
know, " she said. " The only thing I know is that I
believe reclaiming Native American heritage in our
history and stories is vital to the future of South Dakota-and
to America even. "
In the meantime, neither Johnson nor Harens expects
to be reappointed to a second writing panel,
given their vocal criticism. But they've applied to
serve on it anyway.
" As verbal as I've been, I think I will probably not
be sitting at that table, " Johnson said. But she still
waits for a formal rejection-a sign that a government
agency has once again reneged on a promise
to do right by her people.
" I want them to officially turn me down, " she
said. n
Erin Bormett/The Argus Leader via AP
Jay Pickthorn for Education Week
http://www.edweek.org http://www.edweek.org

Education Week - January 19, 2022

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - January 19, 2022

Education Week - January 19, 2022
Briefly Stated
Students Embrace a Wide Range of Gender Identities. Most School Data Systems Don’t
Why School Counselors of Color Matter More Than Ever
3 Ways to Help Students to Be the First In Their Families to Attend College
Some Teachers Are Running Out of Sick Days, . And Administrators Are Hesitant to Help
This Intensive Internship Helps Principals Get Ready For the Job
How the Critical Race Theory Debate Is Rewriting Social Studies Standards
Build a Strong Foundation
Develop Trust
Embrace the Risk, Increase the Support
Letters to the Editor
EdWeek Top School Jobs
The Empty Pageantry Of Education Research
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - Education Week - January 19, 2022
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - CW2
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 1
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - Briefly Stated
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 3
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - Students Embrace a Wide Range of Gender Identities. Most School Data Systems Don’t
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 5
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 3 Ways to Help Students to Be the First In Their Families to Attend College
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 7
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - Some Teachers Are Running Out of Sick Days, . And Administrators Are Hesitant to Help
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 9
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - This Intensive Internship Helps Principals Get Ready For the Job
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 11
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - How the Critical Race Theory Debate Is Rewriting Social Studies Standards
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 13
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 14
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 15
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - Build a Strong Foundation
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - Develop Trust
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - Embrace the Risk, Increase the Support
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 19
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - Letters to the Editor
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 21
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - EdWeek Top School Jobs
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 23
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - The Empty Pageantry Of Education Research
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - CW3
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - CW4
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