Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 13

religious groups. "
Now it's unclear what will happen to the draft,
which is set to be taken up by the state board of
education in March.
" I went to law school; I learned critical race
theory in law school; I have a Ph.D. This is not
something we use in K-12, " said Belinda Cambre,
a social studies instructor at a lab school
located at Louisiana State University who contributed
to the draft. " Really the whole issue
saddened me more than anything else, that it
could be so weaponized to turn people against
talk of diversity. "
The criticism took its toll. Even before the
Louisiana department opened up an online
public-comment portal, the writers had made
significant changes in response to the bruising
June feedback.
By August, they had removed the word " equitable "
from one kindergarten standard. (That
word, along with " equity, " is considered shorthand
by some critics for critical race theory.)
Some revisions reframed a standard in a more
optimistic way: One in the high school civics
course originally called for students to " examine
issues of inequity in the United States with
respect to traditionally marginalized groups. "
In its rewritten form, it calls on them to " analyze
the progression and expansion of civil
rights, liberties, social and economic equality,
and opportunities for groups experiencing discrimination. "
By
far, the most substantive revision to the
draft was the deletion of one of the overarching
skills for students-meant to be embedded
across the grade levels and courses-called
" taking informed action. "
This thread aimed to get students to take civic
action to address classroom, school, and community
problems-they might, for example,
brainstorm ways to reduce waste or prevent
bullying at school. Now, the entire practice has
been removed-an irony, given the robust civic
participation by those Louisianans who showed
up to critique the draft at the June meeting.
Neither Walters-Rauenhorst nor Cambre
could recall who directed that deletion; they
weren't in the meeting where that element was
yanked. But both described a palpable sense
among the writers that the section was a no-go
if they wanted to secure board approval for the
standards.
The explosion of Fox News agitation over CRT
in the late spring also appears to have shaped the
political context of the revision process.
A state chief pledges to let
the public define CRT
Louisiana's board-appointed State Superintendent
Cade Brumley, a former social studies
teacher, wrote in a July op-ed that the standards
should strike a balance between critique and
patriotism, but should not include critical race
theory, which he defined as " suggest[ing] America
was intentionally founded on racism, oppression,
supremacy. " By October, he said that he
could not recommend the draft as written.
Brumley demurred when asked in a November
interview with Education Week whether he
agreed with critics that the draft standards, as
currently written, included critical race theory.
" If a standard is considered by our public to be
an embed of CRT, I'd assume the public feedback
would point it out, " he said.
That is potentially a slippery slope, as a look
at the standards-by-standards feedback shows.
For now, the draft sits with the Louisiana
education department; the standards-writers
haven't been asked to revise it yet. And there
are consequences to the delay, Cambre pointed
out: The state is supposed to update an end-of
course exam for civics and can't do that until
the standards are completed.
From afar, other history educators say that
" This is trying to get CRT
in our curriculum because
it is highlighting racial
comparisons. "
" Is no age too young to begin
leftist indoctrination? These
concepts need to wait until
the children have mastered
basic reading, writing and
arithmetic before you start to
brain wash [sic] them. "
the draft, as it currently stands, still represents
an advancement. For the first
time it includes explicit references to Jim
Crow-the state-sponsored system of
racism and terror that segregated Black
Americans for decades, noted Zevi Gutfreund,
an associate professor of history
who leads a social studies teacher-preparation
initiative at Louisiana State University.
(That
is an notable addition: The
court case that yielded the famous U.S.
Supreme Court ruling permitting segregation,
1896's Plessy v. Ferguson, was
brought by a mixed-race New Orleans
train passenger.)
But Gutfreund said he expects that additional
changes will be made, and he is
concerned about the removal of the informed-action
tenets in the draft.
" It just shows this is going to be a constant
and persistent challenge, " he said.
" I think there are ways to take action that
is nonpartisan and nonpolitical, and we
do need to have students civically engaged.
Forget about knowing history: Can
they know the present? " n
Illustrations by
Laura Baker/Education Week
(Source imagery: Orensila
and iStock/Getty)
EDUCATION WEEK | January 19, 2022 | www.edweek.org | 13
PUBLIC FEEDBACK ON
LOUISIANA'S DRAFT
SOUTH DAKOTA
A draft of Louisiana's social studies
standards was released to the public
right as the critical race theory debate
roared to the top of cable news
channels. In feedback, commentators
accused even fairly anodyne standards
about communities of being CRT,
as well as standards that deal with
the history of slavery, the civil rights
movement, and non-Western cultures.
V
KINDERGARTEN STANDARD
& PUBLIC COMMENTS
" Explain the importance
of equality and diversity
in building strong
communities. "
Questions about political
interference loom
U
nlike Washington state, Montana,
Oregon, and others, where laws require
students to be taught about Native
American history and culture, South
Dakota has not emphasized the troubling and
complex history of the Oceti Sakowin in its social
studies expectations.
(The name translates to the People of the Seven
Council Fires, and refers to the speakers of Dakota,
Nakota, and Lakota who live on land that spans the
Dakotas, Nebraska, Montana, and into Minnesota
and Canada.)
In the mid-2000s, the state updated some
teacher-preparation requirements and issued a voluntary
set of lesson plans on the Oceti Sakowin. But
although roughly 1 in 10 South Dakotans is Native
American, the voluntary teaching guidelines aren't
in widespread use.
At one level, it's easy to see why: Native American
history is hard history. Learning about the
unique culture and resiliency of the Oceti Sakowin
requires grappling with some of the darkest moments
in South Dakota and U.S. history-notably
the Wounded Knee massacre, in which around 300
men, women, and children were killed by American
soldiers.
Still, when the state education department
opened up applications in May to sit on the panel
to revise the history standards, Sherry Johnson, the
tribal education director for the Sisseton Wahpeton
Oyate-a federally recognized Oceti Sakowin treaty
tribe-saw an opportunity to bring the state in line
with North Dakota, which just a month earlier had
passed legislation requiring new curriculum on Native
American history.
The state's history standards, by definition, must
be taught. And embedding the Oceti Sakowin content
in the standards would pressure both state and
district officials to develop new tools, curriculum,
and resources to teach them, Johnson reasoned.
Writing state standards is not a whole lot of fun.
It's not paid; it's meticulous; it requires lots of time
sitting around in badly lit conference rooms.
But, in a process that several writers described
as productive, cordial, and well-managed, the
team completed a draft whose standout feature
was that knowledge about the Oceti Sakowin were
included at every grade level. For the first time,
students would be required to understand the
concept of tribal sovereignty and these sovereign
nations' unique relationship to the state and the
U.S. government.
After agreeing on a draft, the teams submitted it
to the state expecting only minor wording changes.
Instead, with little advanced warning, the state education
department released a revised draft that differed
dramatically.
It is not illegal for state education officials to
alter standards during the revision process, but the
changes in South Dakota fundamentally altered the
focus of the draft.
The new version removed at least 18 references
to the Oceti Sakowin, leaving just one in the draft;
the remaining standards refer more generically to
Native Americans. Also excised were most of the
draft's " inquiry standards " -overarching skills designed
to help students evaluate and critique historical
sources, stay current of public issues, and use
civic channels to solve problems.
Added throughout were curious new elements
that had not been there before: a lengthy preface
extolling the Constitution and new references describing
the nation as a republic and emphasizing
CONTINUED ON PAGE 14 >
A MODIFIED DRAFT
EDITS TO A 5TH GRADE STANDARD
South Dakota officials
significantly modified the
social studies standards
draft created by an educator
workgroup, mainly by
removing new content
about the state's Native
American population.
V
http://www.edweek.org

Education Week - January 19, 2022

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - January 19, 2022

Education Week - January 19, 2022
Briefly Stated
Students Embrace a Wide Range of Gender Identities. Most School Data Systems Don’t
Why School Counselors of Color Matter More Than Ever
3 Ways to Help Students to Be the First In Their Families to Attend College
Some Teachers Are Running Out of Sick Days, . And Administrators Are Hesitant to Help
This Intensive Internship Helps Principals Get Ready For the Job
How the Critical Race Theory Debate Is Rewriting Social Studies Standards
Build a Strong Foundation
Develop Trust
Embrace the Risk, Increase the Support
Letters to the Editor
EdWeek Top School Jobs
The Empty Pageantry Of Education Research
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - Education Week - January 19, 2022
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - CW2
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 1
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - Briefly Stated
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 3
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - Students Embrace a Wide Range of Gender Identities. Most School Data Systems Don’t
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 5
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 3 Ways to Help Students to Be the First In Their Families to Attend College
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 7
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - Some Teachers Are Running Out of Sick Days, . And Administrators Are Hesitant to Help
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 9
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - This Intensive Internship Helps Principals Get Ready For the Job
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 11
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - How the Critical Race Theory Debate Is Rewriting Social Studies Standards
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 13
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 14
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 15
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - Build a Strong Foundation
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - Develop Trust
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - Embrace the Risk, Increase the Support
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 19
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - Letters to the Editor
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 21
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - EdWeek Top School Jobs
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - 23
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - The Empty Pageantry Of Education Research
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - CW3
Education Week - January 19, 2022 - CW4
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