Education Week - January 14, 2015 - 16

NCLB Rewrite Could Target Annual State-Testing Mandate
KEY PLAYERS
CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1
of new congressional champions.
And the Obama administration,
which put annual assessments at
the heart of its signature initiatives,
is moving deeper into lameduck
status.
The chairmen of the House and
Senate education panels-Sen.
Lamar Alexander, R-Tenn., and Rep.
John Kline, R-Minn.-have both expressed
openness to cutting back the
number of tests required under the
law.
"I want to deliberately raise the
question, 'Are there too many tests?
And are they the right tests?' " said
Sen. Alexander in an interview, noting
that his committee will explore
the issue in a hearing slated for later
this month.
For his part, Mr. Kline has expressed
openness to testing only
in certain grade-spans, but he's
made it clear he would like to continue
to see test data broken out
by particular populations of students,
such as students in special education.
More State Control
Meanwhile, backstage, Senate Republican
aides are drafting a rewrite
to the law-the current version of the
Elementary and Secondary Education
Act-that could turn over much
more control of testing to states as
part of an overall effort to dramatically
diminish the federal footprint in
schools. That would be welcome news
to teachers' unions, traditional Democratic
allies that have long sought
relief from the law's standardizedtesting
mandates.
Mary Kusler, the director of government
relations for the 3 million-member
National Education Association,
sees the current session of Congress
as the union's best chance yet to reduce
the number of exams required
under the law.
"There has been this seismic shift
in public opinion," she said, with parents
and teachers increasingly viewing
excessive standardized testing
as a distraction from teaching and
learning. "The Republicans are in
control of Congress and are pushing
the conversation. But we see this as
a bipartisan argument," she added.
Organizations that want to maintain
nclb's testing regime may have
gained a powerful ally however.
The Council of Chief State School
Officers' recommendations for
overhauling the law, released last
week,would seek to give a lot more
authority to states on school improvement
and accountability, but
would leave the current assessment
schedule in place.
Backing away from standardized
testing in a big way is sure to
enrage another diverse coalition,
with a very different set of priorities:
civil rights groups, business
organizations, and the disabilities
community.
But these organizations face a
radically different set of players
and a much more polarized Congress
than ever before. Democratic
leaders in the Senate who prevented
previous nclb rewrite bills
Republican leaders in Congress have made reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act a top education
priority in the 114th Congress. Here's where some pivotal lawmakers and advocacy groups stand on the prospect of making
major revisions to the testing regime in the law, the current version of which is the No Child Left Behind Act:
CONGRESSIONAL LEADERS
Rep. John Kline,
R-Minn., chairman,
House Education and the
Workforce Committee:
Author of a 2013 bill that
passed the U.S. House of
Representatives that would
have kept the current testing
regime in place. In a recent interview with
Education Week, said he'd be open to grade-span
testing, as long as assessment data is broken out
by particular student groups, such as Englishlanguage
learners.
Rep. Bobby Scott,
D-Va., top Democrat on
the House education
committee: As a member
of Congress in 2001, voted
in favor of the NCLB law. Has
expressed skepticism about
whether tests alone can
improve schools. A favorite line: "You can't fatten
a pig by weighing it."
Sen. Lamar Alexander,
R-Tenn., chairman of
the Senate Health,
Education, Labor, and
Pensions Committee:
Introduced a bill in the last
Congress that would have
kept the law's current testing
schedule in place. Republican Senate aides
have said they are working on draft legislation to
reauthorize the law that would likely allow states
much more leeway over when and how to assess
students.
Sen. Patty Murray,
D-Wash., the top
Democrat on the Senate
education committee: As
a member of the committee,
voted in favor of legislation
that would have kept the
NCLB's laws testing schedule
in place. She has expressed concern about
redundant testing.
SOURCE: Education Week
ADVOCACY GROUPS
National Education Association,
American Federation of Teachers:
Both teachers' unions backed bills in the
previous session of Congress that called
for testing students only in certain grade
spans or cutting down on the frequency of
assessments.
Civil Rights, Business Organizations,
Council of Chief State School
Officers: Would oppose efforts to
significantly scale back NCLB's testing
regime. For instance, the Chamber of
Commerce would favor keeping the
current assessment schedule in place
to make comparisons among different
types of students easier. Some special
education advocacy organizations like
the transparency of annual tests to show
how students in special education are
performing relative to their peers.
from moving forward at the White
House's behest have much less
control over the legislative agenda.
And the coalition has lost two key
allies with the retirements of Sen.
Tom Harkin, D-Iowa, the former
chairman of the Senate education
committee, and, especially, Rep.
"
I want to deliberately
raise the question,
'Are there too many
tests? And are they
the right tests?' "
U.S. SEN. LAMAR ALEXANDER,
R-TENN.
Chairman, Senate Education
Committee
George Miller, D-Calif., the longtime
top Democrat on the House
education panel and an original
author of the nclb law.
Though Congress is now controlled
by Republicans, it's unclear
if the business community will
be able to fend off legislation that
takes aim at testing, an estimated
$2.5 billion industry.
Two years ago, the U.S. Chamber
of Commerce put its Republican
allies in the House on notice that
it would consider a vote in favor
of final passage of Rep. Kline's
esea rewrite-which scaled back
the federal role in K-12 accountability
significantly but left the
16 | EDUCATION WEEK | January 14, 2015 | www.edweek.org
nclb law's testing regime intact-
as a vote against business interests.
The bill passed in that chamber
anyway, with only gop support.
Still, Matt de Ferranti, the director
of legislative affairs for the Education
Trust, which looks out for
poor and minority students, thinks
the coalition will be able to find new
standard-bearers. "There aren't immediately
recognizable champions,
but that doesn't mean that there
isn't support for assessments and
recognition of the critical role they
play in improving student achievement,"
he said.
Andrew Rotherham, who served
in the White House under President
Bill Clinton and counts himself a
supporter of a robust federal role in
ensuring educational equity for disadvantaged
students, put the situation
more bleakly.
"The politics are just brutal for
pro-accountability advocates," said
Mr. Rotherham, who is now a partner
at Bellwether Education Partners,
a consulting organization in
Washington.
Line in the Sand
One potential safety valve for accountability
hawks: the presidential
veto. It would likely be hard for
the Obama administration to swallow
a dramatic rollback of the nclb
law's assessment regime.
High-stakes standardized testing
formed the backbone of much
of U.S. Secretary of Education
Arne Duncan's first-term agenda.
The secretary required states to
craft teacher evaluations based
at least in part on student test
scores in order to get waivers from
many of the mandates of the muchmaligned
nclb law, which started
rolling out in early 2012. But Mr.
Duncan has recently softened his
rhetoric on testing, as some state
policymakers push back on new
exams aligned to the Common
Core State Standards.
"While test scores are an important
part of how schools measure
progress, annual statewide assessments
should be only one part of a
variety of measures that states and
communities use to determine what
students are learning," Dorie Nolt, a
spokeswoman for Mr. Duncan, said
in an email.
Still, the secretary recently told
state chiefs that keeping annual,
statewide assessments is one of his
"lines in the sand" for any rewrite
of the current law.
Instead, Mr. Duncan gave the
thumbs-up to a bill introduced late
last year by Rep. Suzanne Bonamici,
D-Ore., which would help states and
school districts take a close look at
their testing requirements to weed
out low-quality or redundant tests.
But getting early support from the
administration may not be critical,
at least initially, to Republican rewrite
efforts.
The process on the bill will remain
open, and key players, including the
administration, could come in as
late as a conference committee between
the two chambers, a gop Senate
aide said.
Still, the bill will need at least
some Democratic support to get
through the Senate, where 60 votes
is the magic number for clearing
procedural hurdles, and where
Republicans only control 54 seats.
Getting at least a smattering of
Democrats on board is something
teachers' unions could help with, at
least behind the scenes.
But testing opponents-and proponents-have
their work cut out
for them when it comes to getting
rank-and-file lawmakers up to
speed on the issues.
For instance, Sen. Joe Manchin,
D-W.Va., a former governor who
often sees common ground with
Republicans, could be a swing vote
on an esea rewrite.
Conflicting Interests
For now, he's still forming his opinion.
He said in an interview that he's
worried about redundancy of testing,
but that he hasn't been thoroughly
briefed yet about the specifics of
grade-span assessment.
Meanwhile, the conflicting interests
of civil rights groups and
unions-both traditional Democratic
allies-puts Democratic leaders
in a tight spot.
That could be why it's tough to
discern, for now, exactly where the
top two Democrats in Congress
stand on the issue of reducing standardized
tests. Neither Sen. Patty
Murray of Washington, the top
Democrat on the Senate education
committee, nor Rep. Bobby Scott of
Virginia, the ranking Democrat on
the House panel, has yet gone on
the record openly defending-or
criticizing-the nclb law's testing
schedule.
Instead, they've offered more measured
responses that make it clear
the issue is on their radar.
Rep. Scott said in an interview
that the nclb law helped expose
failing schools, but added, "There's
http://www.edweek.org

Education Week - January 14, 2015

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - January 14, 2015

Education Week - January 14, 2015
Mandatory State Testing on Thin Ice
Feds Confront Doubts in Plan To Fix Tribal Schools
TFA-Like Corps Places Advisers In High Schools
DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Pittsburgh Collaboration Seen as Model
News in Brief
Report Roundup
With Common Core, More States Sharing Test Questions
New Study Plan Set on Down Syndrome
Blogs of the Week
Growth of Md. Advising Program Runs Into Familiar Controversy
N.Y. Governor Aims to Flex Muscles On Education Policy
Head Start Partnerships to Provide New Resources, Standards for Day Care
State of the States
Blogs of the Week
FREDERICK M. HESS: The 2015 Edu-Scholar Rankings
How Does an Edu-Scholar Influence K-12 Policy?
Letters
TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
WILLIAMSON M. EVERS: Exit, Voice, Loyalty—and the Common Core
Education Week - January 14, 2015 - DIGITAL DIRECTIONS: Pittsburgh Collaboration Seen as Model
Education Week - January 14, 2015 - 2
Education Week - January 14, 2015 - 3
Education Week - January 14, 2015 - Report Roundup
Education Week - January 14, 2015 - 5
Education Week - January 14, 2015 - New Study Plan Set on Down Syndrome
Education Week - January 14, 2015 - Blogs of the Week
Education Week - January 14, 2015 - Growth of Md. Advising Program Runs Into Familiar Controversy
Education Week - January 14, 2015 - 9
Education Week - January 14, 2015 - 10
Education Week - January 14, 2015 - 11
Education Week - January 14, 2015 - 12
Education Week - January 14, 2015 - Head Start Partnerships to Provide New Resources, Standards for Day Care
Education Week - January 14, 2015 - Blogs of the Week
Education Week - January 14, 2015 - 15
Education Week - January 14, 2015 - 16
Education Week - January 14, 2015 - 17
Education Week - January 14, 2015 - FREDERICK M. HESS: The 2015 Edu-Scholar Rankings
Education Week - January 14, 2015 - How Does an Edu-Scholar Influence K-12 Policy?
Education Week - January 14, 2015 - Letters
Education Week - January 14, 2015 - 21
Education Week - January 14, 2015 - TopSchoolJobs Recruitment Marketplace
Education Week - January 14, 2015 - 23
Education Week - January 14, 2015 - WILLIAMSON M. EVERS: Exit, Voice, Loyalty—and the Common Core
Education Week - January 14, 2015 - Cover1
Education Week - January 14, 2015 - Cover2
Education Week - January 14, 2015 - Cover3
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