Education Week - January 13, 2021 - 13

or averaging every assignment into
one final mark.)
" We are realizing we are falling
victim to the 'grading industrial complex' of online gradebook programs, "
MacIndoe said. " Practically every
program I have ever used is fundamentally incompatible with the concept of standards-based grading. "

Duct-Taping Systems
Standards-based grading remains
relatively uncommon, though it has
gained ground at the elementary
level. Yet a few districts have gone
even further.
In October, the San Diego district's school board approved a
grade policy that separates factors
like behavior, punctuality, and attendance from whether students

"

...We are falling
victim to the
'grading industrial
complex' of online
gradebook
programs.
JAMES MACINDOE
English teacher,
Jefferson County, Colo.

have mastered standards, so they
don't skew the overall score. (Nonacademic factors will be weighed in
a separate citizenship score.)
The policy requires teachers to give
opportunities for " reflection, revision,
and reassessment " as well.
" We're still using our same level of
rigor and curriculum; we're just giving students more than one opportunity to show they're demonstrating
mastery, " said Nicole DeWitt, an
instructional support officer for the
district.
Experts who study equitable grading practices support those ideas.
" If kids can pass without doing
their homework, how useful is the
homework? " said Thomas Guskey, a
professor emeritus in the college of
education at the University of Kentucky who has written about grading. " And what are we doing to kids?
We're failing them not because they
haven't learned, but because they
aren't compliant. "
Teachers across the United States interviewed by Education Week, though,
generally felt they had less flexibility
from their own school systems.
Some teachers said they would like
to revert to a pass/fail system; others
want the ability to assign " incompletes " at the end of a term, rather
than a D or an F. Still others fret
about sending the wrong message by
loosening up their grading systems
too much.
Many are now informally adopting
other tactics that they hope will stop
factors outside of students' control
from affecting their marks.

In Indianapolis, Lee is giving her
students lots of extra time to turn in
any missing major course assignments, like papers or tests. She is optimistic that of the 60 students she
estimates have a failing score right
now, most will ultimately earn their
way back up to a passing score by the
end of the term.
In Pittsburgh, Long mostly gives
students feedback on their work,
rather than sweating formal grades.
He's encouraging students to advocate for themselves and let him know
if they have a tech issue or other obstacle preventing them from attending-as they would in a real job-so
he can find another way for them to
access to the material.
" If you are logging in and you are
trying, there is no doubt in my mind
you will get an A, or at least a B, " he
said.
In Jefferson County, MacIndoe has
begun using a technique borrowed
from an International Baccalaureate
course to gauge students' knowledge:
the oral interview. For students who
haven't turned in their written essays
on a novel, he will ask them a series of semi-structured questions to
gauge their analytical thinking about
the text.
One thing he's not going to do: give
them an " M " for a missing grade,
which the online gradebook automatically converts to a zero.
In upstate New York, Holden plans
to base his scores on daily classroom
tasks, but he'll forgo grading major
unit projects or tests. There's just too
much variability in which segments
of the curriculum students were able
to access-and it's not fair to test
them on topics they haven't had an
opportunity to learn, he said.
" It just seems almost cruel to do
some big thing like, 'Remember last
Thursday we talked about this?' " Because there are some kids who say,
'Yeah; I had tech problems, and I only
heard every third word.'  "

manent changes in the future.
Holden, for one, said his pandemic
teaching experience has changed his
mind about some of his former lines
in the sand.
Before the pandemic, he said, he
gave students few chances to make
up or redo work. But as he loosened
up those practices during COVID-19,
he didn't get the slapdash work he
expected, or a wave of do-overs from
procrastinators. Instead, he got goodfaith efforts from students who would
have turned in their assignments
but faced legitimate problems filing
them.
And he's getting more comfortable
having students text him during off
hours and working one-on-one with
them during virtual office hours.
" All of that is stuff I didn't do last
year, and all of it is due to COVID,
and all of it is probably going to stay
because it's actually gone pretty
well, " he said.

On one core insight, the teachers
agree: Remote learning, coupled with
the trauma of the pandemic, is burning out many students-and improving virtual school should be a priority
for districts.
" One thing we can do is make online teaching at home better and less
brain-draining and less sad. If we did
that, it wouldn't stink the way it does
for a lot of kids, and they would be
more engaged, " MacIndoe said.
Lee described running into one of
her best students from last year, during the brief period that her district
used a hybrid teaching plan.
" He's a sophomore now; a great
student, top 10, with great family
support. And, you know, talking to
him changed my entire perspective, "
she said. " I thought everything was
going well [for him]. And he said,
'This is very hard. They expect us
to do so much. I cannot do all of this
work.'  "

"

All of that is stuff
I didn't do last year,
and all of it is due
to COVID, and all
of it is probably
going to stay
because it's actually
gone pretty well.
MATT HOLDEN
Teacher,
Upstate New York school district

Shift in Practices
In districts where a significant portion of students are struggling, leaders
are already trying to plan how to help
them catch up.
Thompson, the St. Paul principal,
said his staff has reassigned assistant
principals and behavioral specialists
to head a system for tracking down
students who aren't attending remote
learning. So far, he estimates it has
resolved about 30 percent of cases of
chronic absenteeism.
The school is also assigning graduation mentors to check in with seniors
with low grades twice weekly to make
sure they're on track to graduate.
Some of the city's efforts, including in-person academic support centers and Saturday " senior blitzes, "
have been hampered by the surge in
COVID-19 cases. (As of this writing,
community spread of COVID-19
there has far exceeded any health organization's guidelines for in-person
learning.)
While grading challenges are
likely to persist for months, they
could give way to a more widespread understanding of inequitable
grading practices-and possibly per-

Examining the Evidence:
Catching Kids Up at a Distance
Across the country, districts, schools
and families have struggled with
online and blended learning following
the abrupt end of in-person schooling
last spring. How can schools apply
lessons from prior disruptions to
school to their current distance
and blended learning efforts?

Friday, January 22, 2021

1 PM ET
https://webinars.on24.com/
edweek/CatchingKidsUp

MODERATOR
ٚSTEPHEN SAWCHUK,
Education Week

Sponsored by

EDUCATION WEEK | January 13, 2021 | www.edweek.org | 13


https://webinars.on24.com/edweek/catchingkidsup https://webinars.on24.com/edweek/catchingkidsup http://www.edweek.org

Education Week - January 13, 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - January 13, 2021

Education Week - January 13, 2021
Briefly Stated
Teachers Are Already Getting COVID-19 Vaccines
High Risk for COVID-19 And Forced Back to Class
The High-Stakes Tests Facing Miguel Cardona
Where the Nominee Stands On Key K-12 Policy Issues
With Name Changes, Schools Transform Racial Reckoning Into Real-Life Civics Lessons
Should Schools Be Giving So Many Failing Grades This Year?
Millions of ELL Students Face In-Person, Federal Testing During COVID-19
DeVos Resigns a Day After Pro-Trump Mob Storms U.S. Capitol
Insurgency at the U.S. Capitol: A Dreaded, Real-Life Lesson Facing Teachers
Caring for Students in the Wake of a Traumatic News Event
Civil Rights for the New Administration
We Must Talk About Remote Student Absenteeism
Letters to the Editor
EdWeek Top School Jobs
Empty Promises Of Equity
Education Week - January 13, 2021 - Education Week - January 13, 2021
Education Week - January 13, 2021 - 2
Education Week - January 13, 2021 - Briefly Stated
Education Week - January 13, 2021 - 4
Education Week - January 13, 2021 - Teachers Are Already Getting COVID-19 Vaccines
Education Week - January 13, 2021 - High Risk for COVID-19 And Forced Back to Class
Education Week - January 13, 2021 - 7
Education Week - January 13, 2021 - Where the Nominee Stands On Key K-12 Policy Issues
Education Week - January 13, 2021 - 9
Education Week - January 13, 2021 - With Name Changes, Schools Transform Racial Reckoning Into Real-Life Civics Lessons
Education Week - January 13, 2021 - 11
Education Week - January 13, 2021 - Should Schools Be Giving So Many Failing Grades This Year?
Education Week - January 13, 2021 - 13
Education Week - January 13, 2021 - Millions of ELL Students Face In-Person, Federal Testing During COVID-19
Education Week - January 13, 2021 - DeVos Resigns a Day After Pro-Trump Mob Storms U.S. Capitol
Education Week - January 13, 2021 - Insurgency at the U.S. Capitol: A Dreaded, Real-Life Lesson Facing Teachers
Education Week - January 13, 2021 - Caring for Students in the Wake of a Traumatic News Event
Education Week - January 13, 2021 - Civil Rights for the New Administration
Education Week - January 13, 2021 - We Must Talk About Remote Student Absenteeism
Education Week - January 13, 2021 - Letters to the Editor
Education Week - January 13, 2021 - 21
Education Week - January 13, 2021 - 22
Education Week - January 13, 2021 - EdWeek Top School Jobs
Education Week - January 13, 2021 - Empty Promises Of Equity
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