Education Week - January 10, 2018 - 29

THE

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R
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T
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BY BENJAMIN HEROLD

Questions for the AI Age

"As AI makes more
resources more widely
available, we will find less
meaning in material
wealth and more value in
the activities that are
uniquely human."

right ways. All students today should be taught basic
computer literacy and the fundamentals behind how
an AI works, as they will need to be comfortable with
learning and incorporating rapidly emerging new
technologies into their lives and occupations as they
are developed.
We will need our future scientists and engineers
to be keenly aware that an AI system can only be as
good as the data it is given to work with, and that to
avoid dangerous bias or incorrect actions, we need to
cultivate the right inputs to these systems that fairly
cover all possible perspectives and variables. We will
need policymakers who can successfully apply the
rules suggested above as well as define the new ones
we will need as AI continues to proliferate into the
various aspects of our lives.
New and different opportunities and values will
likely emerge for humans in the economy that AI
creates. As AI makes more resources more widely
available, we will find less meaning in material
wealth and more value in the activities that are
uniquely human. This means that occupations with
creative and expressive qualities, such as chefs,
tailors, organic farmers, musicians, and artists of all
types will become more important in an age in which
a real human connection is increasingly precious.
Roles that directly affect human development
and well-being, such as teaching, nursing, and
caregiving, will be especially crucial and should
be uplifted as excellent options for people whose
vocations are otherwise replaced by AI systems. No
AI can hope to match a human for true compassion
and empathy, qualities that we should be taking
extra care to cultivate in our children to prepare
them to inherit a world where these characteristics
will be more important than ever. n

W

hat will the rise of artificial intelligence mean
for K-12 education?
First, AI and related technologies are
reshaping the economy. Some jobs are being
eliminated, many others are being changed,
and entirely new fields of work are opening up. Those changes
are likely to have big implications for the job market in 2030,
when today's 6th graders are set to hit their prime working
years. But the nation's top economists and technologists are
sharply divided about whether AI will be a job killer or creator,
presenting a big challenge for the educators and policymakers
who must prepare today's students to thrive in a very
uncertain tomorrow.
Second, artificial intelligence is changing what it means
to be an engaged citizen. K-12 education has never been
just about preparing young people for jobs; it's also about
making sure they're able to weigh arguments and evidence,
synthesize information, and take part in the civic lives of
their communities and country. But as algorithms, artificial
intelligence, and automated decisionmaking systems are
being woven into nearly every aspect of our lives, from loan
applications to dating to criminal sentencing, new questions
and policy debates and ethical quandaries are emerging.
Schools are now faced with having to figure out how to teach
students to think critically about the role these technologies
are playing in our society and how to use them in smart,
ethical ways. Plus, in the age of AI, students will likely have
to develop a new communication skill: the ability to talk
effectively to intelligent machines. Some economists say that
skill could be the difference between success and failure in the
workplace of the future.
And third, artificial intelligence could play a powerful role
in the push to provide more personalized instruction for all
students-and in the process change the teaching profession
itself. Intelligent tutoring systems are making inroads in the
classroom. New educational software and technology platforms
use algorithms to recommend content and lessons for individual
students, sometimes pushing teachers away from the front
of the classroom and into the role of "coach" or "facilitator."
And schools are being flooded with data about their students,
information that educators and administrators alike are
increasingly expected to use to make real-time decisions and
adjustments in the course of their day-to-day work.
Some educators see the rising role of AI as a threat to their
existence and a danger to student-data privacy. Others take
a more positive view, seeing it as having the potential to free
them from mundane tasks like lecturing and grading, creating
rich opportunities for continuous improvement, and opening
the doors for more meaningful trial-and-error learning by
students.
Whatever the perspective, there is one thing most everyone
seems to agree on: Now is the time for the K-12 field to start
wrestling with the promises and perils of AI. n

10 Big Ideas / www.edweek.org/go/bigideas

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http://www.edweek.org/go/bigideas

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Education Week - January 10, 2018

Education Week - January 10, 2018
EditorsĀ“ Note
Student Motivation
Big Picture: The Power Memory
Teacher Preparation
Big Picture: Diversifying the Teacher Workforce
Parent Engagement
Big Picture: Meet Parents Where They Are
Q&A Master Scheduling
Student Assessment
Big Picture: The No-Grades Movement
Data Findings Where Do Teachers Get Their Ideas?
Homelessness
Big Picture: Scaling Up Support
Research Into Action
Big Picture: Growing Growth Mindsets
Opioid Crisis
Big Picture: Broken Families, Broken Schools
Artificial Intelligence
Big Pictiure : Questions for the AI Age
Civics 2.0
Big Picture: Elevating Student Voice
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - Education Week - January 10, 2018
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - Cover2
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - EditorsĀ“ Note
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - 2
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - 3
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - Student Motivation
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - Big Picture: The Power Memory
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - Teacher Preparation
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - Big Picture: Diversifying the Teacher Workforce
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - 8
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - 9
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - Parent Engagement
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - Big Picture: Meet Parents Where They Are
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - Q&A Master Scheduling
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - 13
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - Student Assessment
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - Big Picture: The No-Grades Movement
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - 16
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - 17
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - Data Findings Where Do Teachers Get Their Ideas?
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - 19
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - Homelessness
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - Big Picture: Scaling Up Support
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - Research Into Action
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - Big Picture: Growing Growth Mindsets
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - Opioid Crisis
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - Big Picture: Broken Families, Broken Schools
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - 26
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - 27
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - Artificial Intelligence
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - Big Pictiure : Questions for the AI Age
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - Civics 2.0
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - Big Picture: Elevating Student Voice
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - 32
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - Cover3
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - Cover4
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - CW1
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - CW2
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - CW3
Education Week - January 10, 2018 - CW4
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http://ew.edweek.org/nxtbooks/epe/ew_04252018
http://ew.edweek.org/nxtbooks/epe/ew_04182018
http://ew.edweek.org/nxtbooks/epe/ew_04112018
http://ew.edweek.org/nxtbooks/epe/ew_04042018
http://ew.edweek.org/nxtbooks/epe/ew_03212018
http://ew.edweek.org/nxtbooks/epe/ew_03072018
http://ew.edweek.org/nxtbooks/epe/ew_sr_03072018
http://ew.edweek.org/nxtbooks/epe/ew_02282018
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